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What is the informal name of the Graves and Medoc regions?
What region is considered the cradle of fine winemaking in Bordeaux?
What does Graves mean?
Name the two types of gravel soil in Graves
- Tertiary period (65M-1.6M years ago): Pyrenees source, small in size, covered in ochre clay and sand
- Quatenary period (1.6M years ago-current): Massif Central/Pyrenees source, larger (holds more heat), white and pink quartz
What type of soil do the better properties in Graves have?
Describe the Graves classification
- Drawn up in 1953, became official in 1959
- All classed properties are in the north of Graves (now Pessac-Leognan)
Name 3 winemakers and their properties in Graves
- Henri Leveque: Chateau Chantegrive
- Jean-Michel Cazes: Villa Bel-Air
- Denis Dubourdieu: Clos Floridene
How many communes are in Graves?
How many cooperatives are in Graves?
How many hectares are planted in Graves?
How many appellations are in the Medoc?
- 8 =
- 2 regional: Medoc (Bas-Medoc), Haut-Medoc
- 6 communal: Margaux, Saint-Julien, Pauillac, Saint-Estephe, Moulis, Listrac
Describe the landscape of the Medoc
Flat, low-lying land sandwiched between palus (coastal marshes) and pine forest
What is the most famous red wine district in the world?
Name an organic wine in Bordeaux
Is the gravel evenly distributed in the Medoc?
When the Gironde estuary overflowed what did it leave behind?
- Black Sand which covered the gravel in the Medoc.
- Over time, wind erosion exposed outcroppings of gravel.
In the Medoc, what serves the same function as hills?
- Gravel; it drains rainwater away from the roots.
Describe red wine from Margaux
Feminine: 54% CS, 38% Merlot
Describe red wine from Pauillac
King: 63% CS, 31% Merlot
Describe red wine from Saint-Julien
- Consistent Quality: 63% CS, 29% Merlot
- 80% vineyards are classed growths
Describe red wine from Saint-Estephe
- Pyrenees gravel on top of rich clay
- Big and Earthy
Describe the soil of Saint-Estephe
- Gravel: Garonne (quatenary) and Pyrenees (tertiary)
- Clay: Superior and Inferior
- Limestone: Stampian and St Estephe
How big are the left bank vineyards?
- Saint-Julien: 906 ha, 11 classed growths
Name the 11 classed growths of Saint-Julien (largest to smallest ha)
- Leoville Poyferre
- Leoville Barton
- Langoa Barton
Do you pronounce the "s" in Moulis?
Do you pronounce the "s" in Cos in Cos Estournel?
Describe the soil of Moulis/Listrac
- Gravel, Limestone, Marl, Clay
- Listrac is north of Moulis but terroir varies west to east
What is lime/chalk?
Calcium carbonate: CaCO3
What does calcareous mean?
What is marl?
What does argillaceous mean?
Describe red wine from Moulis
- Merlot is frequently dominant
- Chateau Malmaison: 80% Merlot, 20% Cabernet Sauvignon
- Chateau Moulin a Vent: 60/38
- Chateau Bouqueyran: 57/41
- Chateau Brillette: 48/40
Describe red wine from Listrac
- Merlot is frequently dominant
- Chateau Ducluzeau: 90% Merlot, 10% Cabernet Sauvignon
- Chateau Clarke: 70/30
- Chateau Semeillan Mazeau: 50/50
- Chateau Fourcas Hosten: 45/45
What percent of 2009 Bordeaux production was in Graves/Medoc ?
- Bordeaux and Bordeaux Superieur: 50%
- The Cotes: 13%
- Graves/Medoc: 17%
- Saint-Emilion/Pomerol/Fronsac: 10%
- Dry White: 8%
- Sweet White: 2%