American Government

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Author:
rbaron
ID:
246181
Filename:
American Government
Updated:
2013-11-10 19:22:17
Tags:
Chap 11
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Description:
Bureaucracies
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  1. The goals or objectives of a bureaucracy are called ______ _________
    Public purposes
  2. The most distinguishing characteristic of bureaucracies is that only they are responsible for ________ public policies.
    executing
  3. Civil servants contribute to the stability of governments by virtue of their capacity to meet political demands through their long _______ and _______.
    tenure and expertise
  4. One of the most important determinants of what purposes deserve Cabinet status is __________ ____________.
    political support
  5. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Peace Corps are examples of ________ agencies.
    independent agencies
  6. The practice of making appointment to government jobs on the basis of party loyalty is called the  _________ ________.
    spoils system
  7. Clerical and administrative personnel within the competitive service are classified in  ________ _______ with 15 grades.
    General Schedule
  8. ______ has the ultimate responsibility for teh creation and abolition of agencies.
    Congress
  9. To temper executive discretion and even halt an executive initiative, Congress created the _____ __________
    legislative veto
  10. Often justified as a safeguard against abuse, bureaucracies have been criticized for wrapping their work in endless amounts of  ________ _____________
    red tape
  11. In American government the term bureaucrat generally refers to any individual who works in the executive branch of the government.
    T
  12. Almost ninety percent of all bureaucrats work outside of Washington, D.C.
    T
  13. Independent agencies are outside executive departments, and their heads a cannot be fired by the president.
    F
  14. Government corporations have remained loosely tied to the regular appropriations process much like other types of bureaucracies.
    F
  15. According to the Hatch Act, civil servants are banned from participation in partisan political activity.
    T
  16. The Senior Executive Service has become a highly prestigious and respected group of senior civil servants, much like those in Great Britain.
    F
  17. Salaries for public officials are usually equal or above the compensation rates for equivalent position in the private sector.
    F
  18. Nearly every bureaucratic unit has the strong support of some interest group
    T
  19. When laws are vague or ambiguous, bureaucratic discretion is inevitable.
    T
  20. Since the nation's founding, the most explosive growth in government has occurred in the ___
    A.  Congress and its staff
    B.  development and evolution of bureaucracies
    C.  number of courts and judges
    D.  presidency and the president's personal staff
    B.  development and evolution of bureaucracies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. According to Max Weber, an ideal bureaucracy consists of  ____
    a.  expertise
    b.  impersonal rules
    c.  a hierarchical division of labor
    d.  all the above
    d.  all the above
  22. Most federal bureaucrats _____.
    A.  are employed as clerks and office workers
    B.  receive enormous media attention
    C.  are involved in the execution of public policies
    D.  live and work in the Washington D.C. area
    C.  are involved in the execution of public policies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which of the following are part of the president's cabinet?
    A.  the heads of the units in the Executive office of the President
    B.  the president's personal and closest advisors
    C.  the heads of the executive departments
    d.  all of the above
    C.  the heads of the executive departments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of the executive departments had the largest budget in 2010?
    A.  Department of Health and Human Resources
    B.  Department of Defense
    C.  Department of State
    D.  Department of Treasury
    D.  Department of Treasury
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Why are independent agencies called independent?
    A.  They are outside the regular appropriations process.
    B.  The president can not hire or fire their heads.
    C.  They are not influenced by interest groups.
    D.  They are located outside of the executive departments.
    D.  They are located outside of the executive departments.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following is true of independent regulatory commissioners?
    a.  They were intended to be experts, insulated from partisan politics
    b.  They have fixed terms, often longer than the president's.
    c.  They can be removed only for causes specified in the statutory law.
    d.  All of the above.
    d.  All of the above.
  27. An example of a government corporation is the ______.
    A.  Small Business Administraion
    B.  Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
    C.  Interstate Commerce Commission
    d.  all of the above.
    B.  Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Government employment during the administration of George Washington was characterized by ________.
    A.  corruption
    B.  political spoils
    C.  integrity and honor
    D.  lack of respect and prestige
    C.  integrity and honor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Merit as a condition of government employment was established by the ___________.
    A.  Pendleton Act
    B.  Hatch Act
    C.  Merit Systems Protection Act
    D.  Civil Service Reform Act
    A.  Pendleton Act
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of the following is true of the Hatch Act?
    A.  It provided incentives for high-quality work by civil servants.
    B.  It established merit as a condition of government employment.
    C.  It banned civil servants from participation in partisan politics.
    D.  It extablished the Senior Executive Service.
    C.  It banned civil servants from participation in partisan politics.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. The Civil Service Act Reform of 1978 ______.
    A. has gone beyond expectations in establishing a prestigious and respected civil service
    B.  banned civil servants from participation in partisan politics
    C. provided protections for individuals who report waste or fraud in the bureaucracy.
    D.  created a General Schedule to classify civil servants according to a 15 grades based on experience and qualifications.
    C. provided protections for individuals who report waste or fraud in the bureaucracy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. One of the tools the president has to make bureaucrats more responsive is the power to ______.
    A.  create or abolish agencies
    B.  investigate bureaucratic power
    C.  propose cuts pr increases in the budgets of bureaucracies
    d.  all of the above
    C.  propose cuts pr increases in the budgets of bureaucracies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Each of the following is a means by which Congress can shape bureaucratic behavior except _______.
    A.  appoint high level administrators to departments and agencies
    B.  investigate bureaucratic behavior
    C.  create or abolish agencies
    D.  shape the amount and purpose of money bureaucrats spend
    A.  appoint high level administrators to departments and agencies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The legislative veto________.
    A.  is used to delegate discretionary authority to the president.
    B.  allows the president to invalidate congressional laws affecting the bureaucracy
    C.  continues to be written into some statutes
    D.  was upheld in Immigration and Naturalization Service V. Chadha
    C.  continues to be written into some statutes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which of the following applies to interest groups?
    a.  They sometimes have a proprietary interest in specific agencies
    b.  They may compete as they press their claims on the same bureaucratic unit.
    c. They utilize the media, courts, and Congress to press claims on bureaucracies
    d. all the above.
    d. all the above.
  36. The group with the most passive role in controlling the political environment of bureaucracies is _______.
    A.  the presidency
    B.  Congress
    C.  interest groups
    D.  the courts
    D.  the courts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. What is the most common way courts affect bureaucracies?
    A.  They create or abolish bureaucratic agencies.
    B.  They ensure procedural fairness in bureaucracies.
    C.  They declare congressional and presidential actions unconstitutional.
    D.  They discern the congressional intent behind vague or ambiguous legislation.
    D.  They discern the congressional intent behind vague or ambiguous legislation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. What is the most serious criticism of bureaucrats?
    A.  They wrap their work in unnecessary amounts of red tape.
    B.  They do work that duplicates or conflicts with other bureaucrat's work.
    C.  They waste and defraud public resources.
    D.  They affect public policies and play an unintended political role.
    D.  They affect public policies and play an unintended political role.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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