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What is the informal name of the Saint-Emilion, Pomerol, and Fronsac regions?
Right Bank or Libournais vineyards
What city is the commercial center for right bank wines?
What river is the "right bank" relative to?
What river separates Fronsac from Pomerol?
What river separates St-Emilion from its satellites?
What river separates Pomerol and Lalande-de-Pomerol?
What rivers border Saint Emilion?
- North: La Barbanne
- South: La Dordogne
What historical significance does the Barbanne river have?
Boundary between the northern (Langue d'oil) and southern (Langue d'oc) halves of old France
What stream separates Lussac-Saint-Emilion from Montagne-Saint-Emilion?
What is Cabernet Franc known as in Saint-Emilion?
Who is Saint-Emilion named after?
A Benedictine monk and hermit who migrated from Brittany and died Jan 16, 787
Who played a bigger role in wine production on the right bank: nobility or religious orders?
- Religious orders as evidenced by the name of many chateau:
- Chateau Angelus
- Chateau La Grace Dieu
- Chateau Magdalaine
Describe the soil of Saint-Emilion
- Sandy Plain, Clay on limestone above molasse, some gravel
What is molasse?
Sandstone and shale deposits in front of rising mountains.
What does aeolian mean?
What is the key influence of soil on a vine?
- Ability to get water to the roots
- Not the minerals in the soil
Name the 6 terroirs of St-Emilion (S to N) and their style of wine
- Alluvial Sand: red fruit, floral, good acidity (e.g., Chateau Teyssier)
- Molasse: jammy, ripe fruit and silky tannins, good structure (e.g., Chateau l'Arrosee)
- Aeolian Sand (finer): fruit, mineral, and leather aromas (e.g., Chateau Grand Corbin)
- Limestone hills (south-facing): fresh fruit, charcoal, full bodied (e.g., Canon-la-Gaffeliere)
- Limestone hills (north-facing): hills: animal aromas, austere, long aging (e.g., Chateau Soutard)
- Limestone plateau: stone fruit, floral, mineral, brilliant color, tightly-knit tannins ("Saint-Emilion lace"), extraordinary aging (e.g., any first growth)
- Gravel: CS, fruity and complex, black pepper, elegant tannin (e.g., Chateaux Figeac and Cheval Blanc)
How long has Saint-Emilion been a winemaking region?
800 years in 1999
Name the 4 St-Emilion satellites from largest to smallest
- Montagne-Saint-Emilion (largest)
- Lussac-(most northerly, not on Barbanne)
- Puisseguin- (most easterly, strictest)
- Saint-Georges- (smallest)
- Note: Parsac- and Sables- are not appellations
How do you pronounce Puisseguin?
Describe the wines from the St-Emilion satellites
What is the typical % of Merlot in right bank wines?
- Pomerol: 80-90
- Saint-Emilion: 60-70
- Fronsac: ?
What is the home of Merlot?
Describe the terroirs of Pomerol
- Blue Clay: where Petrus is
- Deep Gravel: where most other top properties are located
- Crasse de fer (ironpan) subsoil: impenetrable
Describe the terroir of Lalande-de-Pomerol
Soils become more sandy East to West (as in Pomerol)
Name two properties in Lalande-de-Pomerol
- La Fleur de Bouard (flagship, owned by Hubert de Bouard of Chateau Angelus)
- Chateau de Viaud (owned by Chinese)
What are the 2 appellations in the Fronsadais
- Fronsac (north) on limestone hills
- Canon-Fronsac (south) on Dordogne plain
- (Should be combined, not much difference in the wine)
When did Fronsac begin producing top quality wines?
- mid 1700s: around Canon by Boyer, Lafon, Mathieu
- early 1800s: sold for same price as finest Saint-Emilion
- mid 1800s: became known for poor quality wines (planted on palus)
- today: exemplary wine
Why aren't Fronsac wines better known?
- Not in negociants' interest
- Awkward quantities
What are the main retail outlets for Bordeaux wine?
Name a website to find good Fronsac wine
www.expressionfronsac.com (18 members in Fronsac and Canon-Fronsac)
What percent of 2009 Bordeaux production was in St-Emilion, Pomerol, and Fronsac?
- Bordeaux and Bordeaux Superieur: 50%
- The Cotes: 13%
- Graves/Medoc: 17%
- Saint-Emilion/Pomerol/Fronsac: 10%
- Dry White: 8%
- Sweet White: 2%
Name Dewey Markham Jr.'s favorite good value Bordeaux wine regions