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Does Bordeaux produce more red or white wine?
Until the 1970s: white
Are Bordeaux dry white wines known for aging?
No, but it is capable of aging today
What Bordeaux regions are limited to red wine?
What are the 3 main Bordeaux regions for white wine?
How large is the Entre-deux-Mers?
- 30K ha
- Only 3K ha produce white wine!
- But this is 80% of Bordeaux dry white!!
Describe dry white wine from Entre-deux-Mers
- Traditionally mediocre quality; today, quality is very much improved
- 1960s: new vineyard practices, new winemakers, new technology (e.g., tractors, stainless steel vats)
- 1962: French loss of Algeria; immigrants strived to excel because they were looked down upon
Describe new style Bordeaux whites:
- More flavorful
- More aromatic
- More ageworthy
Why is new style Bordeaux whites better quality?
- Better understanding of when to pick
- Cold-soaking (pre-fermentation maceration
- Debourbage (settling out)
- Lower fermentation temperatures (< 20C in vat, up to 25C in barrel)
- "Sur lie" aging, batonnage (stirring the lees)
Who are the "locomotives" in Entre-deux-Mers?
- Andre Lurton: Chateau Bonnet
- Jean-Louis Despagne (Thibault is son): Several properties
Why do many Entre-deux-Mers producers prefer to use "Bordeaux" AOC?
- Haunted by poor quality in the past
- Better brand recognition
- Fewer restrictions (can use single variety, higher yields (65 vs 60) hl/ha), lower vine density (2000 vs 4500 vines/ha), No tasting)
What Bordeaux region traditionally produced better-quality dry white wine?
Name Graves producers who produce good/good value white wine
- Dominique Haverlan: Vieux Chateau Gaubert
- Henri Levequ: Chateau Chantegrive-Cuvee Caroline
- Jean-Michel Cazes: Chateau Vill Bel Air
- Denis Dubourdieu: Clos Floridene
Name the 3 AOCs for white wine in Blaye
- Blaye: >= 90% Ugni Blanc
- Cotes de Blaye: 60-90% Colombard
- Premieres Cotes de Blaye: >= 70% Sauvignon, Semillon, Muscadelle
Name some OTHER (not the top 3) Bordeaux wine regions that make DRY WHITE wines
- Sauternais: Must be called AOC Bordeaux Blanc Sec (not AOC Graves)
- Medoc: equivalent of "Garage" wines
- Saint-Emilion: unorthodox winemakers
Name some Sauternais dry white wines
- Chateau d'Yquem Y: 50% Sauvignon, 50% Semillon
- Chateau Guiraud G: 70% Sauvignon, 30% Semillon
- Chateau Rieussec R
- Chateau Suduiraut S
- Chateau de Malle M
Name some Medoc dry white wines
- Pavillon Blanc (Margaux)
- Blanc de Lynch-Bages
- Blanc du Chateau Prieure-Lichine
- Les Arums de Lagrange
- Aile d'Argent (Mouton Rothschild)
- Merle Blanc (Clarke)
- Also some Cru Borgeouis
Name some Saint-Emilion dry white wines
- Chateau Monbousquet
- Chateau Teyssier
- Chateau Balandraud (No. 1 & No. 2)
What percent of 2009 Bordeaux production was in St-Emilion, Pomerol, and Fronsac?
- Bordeaux and Bordeaux Superieur: 50%
- The Cotes: 13%
- Graves/Medoc: 17%
- Saint-Emilion/Pomerol/Fronsac: 10%
- Dry White: 8%
- Sweet White: 2%
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