Card Set Information
FWS Master Level
Does Bordeaux produce more red or white wine?
Until the 1970s: white
Are Bordeaux dry white wines known for aging?
No, but it is capable of aging today
What Bordeaux regions are limited to red wine?
What are the 3 main Bordeaux regions for white wine?
How large is the Entre-deux-Mers?
Only 3K ha produce white wine!
But this is 80% of Bordeaux dry white!!
Describe dry white wine from Entre-deux-Mers
Traditionally mediocre quality; today, quality is very much improved
: new vineyard practices, new winemakers, new technology (e.g., tractors, stainless steel vats)
: French loss of Algeria; immigrants strived to excel because they were looked down upon
Describe new style Bordeaux whites:
Why is new style Bordeaux whites better quality?
Better understanding of when to pick
Cold-soaking (pre-fermentation maceration
Debourbage (settling out)
Lower fermentation temperatures (< 20C in vat, up to 25C in barrel)
"Sur lie" aging, batonnage (stirring the lees)
Who are the "locomotives" in Entre-deux-Mers?
: Chateau Bonnet
Jean-Louis Despagne (Thibault is son)
: Several properties
Why do many Entre-deux-Mers producers prefer to use "Bordeaux" AOC?
Haunted by poor quality in the past
Better brand recognition
Fewer restrictions (can use single variety, higher yields (65 vs 60) hl/ha), lower vine density (2000 vs 4500 vines/ha), No tasting)
What Bordeaux region traditionally produced better-quality dry white wine?
Name Graves producers who produce good/good value white wine
: Vieux Chateau Gaubert
: Chateau Chantegrive-Cuvee Caroline
: Chateau Vill Bel Air
: Clos Floridene
Name the 3 AOCs for white wine in Blaye
: >= 90% Ugni Blanc
Cotes de Blaye
: 60-90% Colombard
Premieres Cotes de Blaye
: >= 70% Sauvignon, Semillon, Muscadelle
Name some OTHER (not the top 3) Bordeaux wine regions that make DRY WHITE wines
: Must be called AOC Bordeaux Blanc Sec (not AOC Graves)
: equivalent of "Garage" wines
: unorthodox winemakers
Name some Sauternais dry white wines
Chateau d'Yquem Y
: 50% Sauvignon, 50% Semillon
Chateau Guiraud G
: 70% Sauvignon, 30% Semillon
Chateau Rieussec R
Chateau Suduiraut S
Chateau de Malle M
Name some Medoc dry white wines
Pavillon Blanc (Margaux)
Blanc de Lynch-Bages
Blanc du Chateau Prieure-Lichine
Les Arums de Lagrange
Aile d'Argent (Mouton Rothschild)
Merle Blanc (Clarke)
Also some Cru Borgeouis
Name some Saint-Emilion dry white wines
Chateau Balandraud (No. 1 & No. 2)
What percent of 2009 Bordeaux production was in St-Emilion, Pomerol, and Fronsac?
Bordeaux and Bordeaux Superieur