Card Set Information
What are two methods for treating gestational DM?
What is a good A1C level?
Is Humalog rapid acting or long acting?
What does Humalog look like?
It is clear
How is Humalog given?
How is regular insulin given?
can also be given
Is Regular insulin fast acting or slow acting?
Short duration: slower acting
Is NPH fast, slow, or inetermediate acting?
When is NPH given?
Twice daily between meals
NPH has a slower absorption
It is given to control blood sugar between meals and at night
How is NPH given?
How is NPH never given?
Why is NPH given?
Longer acting insulin, uesd between meals and at night
What is Lantus?
Long acting insuln
How is Lantus given?
What insulins can Lantus be mixed with?
What is convenient about combination insulins?
They are mixed and can be used at home for a 24 hour effect
What class is Glipizide (Glucotrol)?
Glinides and Sulfonylureas have the same action, what is it?
Increase insulin secretion by the pancreas
What is the difference between Glinides and Sulfonylureas?
Glinides do not have a sulfa base, so people with sulfa allergies can take them
In contrast to Glinides, what is the action of Biguinides?
Glinides promote insulin secretion in the liver
Biguinides decrease glucose production in the liver
What class is Metformin?
What is the main Biguinide drug?
When should Metformin be withheld?
Before a procedure that requires using an iodinated contrast
Who cannot take TZD (Glitazone)?
Type 1 diabetics
What is the action of Symin? (This is not insluin)
Slows glucose absorption in the small intestine
Results in a feeling of fullness and weight loss
What is the action of Byetta? (This is not insulin)
Slows gastric emptying
Stimulates release of insulin
Inhibits glucagon release