Diabetes

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Author:
GordyG
ID:
246195
Filename:
Diabetes
Updated:
2013-11-10 19:09:27
Tags:
Pharmacology
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Description:
Pharmacology
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  1. What are two methods for treating gestational DM?
    Insulin

    Metformin
  2. What is a good A1C level?
    below 7%
  3. Is Humalog rapid acting or long acting?
    Rapid acting
  4. What does Humalog look like?
    It is clear
  5. How is Humalog given?
    SubQ
  6. How is regular insulin given?
    IV

    • can also be given
    • SubQ
    • IM
    • or pump
  7. Is Regular insulin fast acting or slow acting?
    Short duration: slower acting
  8. Is NPH fast, slow, or inetermediate acting?
    Intermediate acting
  9. When is NPH given?
    Twice daily between meals
  10. NPH has a slower absorption
    It is given to control blood sugar between meals and at night
  11. How is NPH given?
    SubQ only

    Never IV
  12. How is NPH never given?
    IV
  13. Why is NPH given?
    Longer acting insulin, uesd between meals and at night
  14. What is Lantus?
    Long acting insuln
  15. How is Lantus given?
    SubQ ONLY
  16. What insulins can Lantus be mixed with?
    NOTHING
  17. What is convenient about combination insulins?
    They are mixed and can be used at home for a 24 hour effect
  18. What class is Glipizide (Glucotrol)?
    Sulfonylurea
  19. Glinides and Sulfonylureas have the same action, what is it?
    Increase insulin secretion by the pancreas
  20. What is the difference between Glinides and Sulfonylureas?
    Glinides do not have a sulfa base, so people with sulfa allergies can take them
  21. In contrast to Glinides, what is the action of Biguinides?
    • Glinides promote insulin secretion in the liver
    • Biguinides decrease glucose production in the liver
  22. What class is Metformin?
    Biguinide
  23. What is the main Biguinide drug?
    Metformin
  24. When should Metformin be withheld?
    Before a procedure that requires using an iodinated contrast
  25. Who cannot take TZD (Glitazone)?
    Type 1 diabetics
  26. What is the action of Symin? (This is not insluin)
    Slows glucose absorption in the small intestine

    Results in a feeling of fullness and weight loss

    Given SubQ
  27. What is the action of Byetta? (This is not insulin)
    Slows gastric emptying

    Stimulates release of insulin

    Inhibits glucagon release

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