ch 13 med term

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  1. albumin
    Protein in the blood; maintains the proper amount of water in blood
  2. antibody (ab)
    • A specific protein produced by the lymphocytes in response to bacteria, viruses,
    • or other antigens
  3. antigen
    A substance that stimulates production of an antibody
  4. basophil
    White blood cell that contains granules that stain blue
  5. bilirubin
    Orange-yellow pigment in bile; formed by breakdown of hemoglobin when RBCs are destroyed
  6. coagulation
    Blood clotting
  7. colony-stimulating factor (CSF)
    Protein that stimulates growth of white blood cells
  8. differentiation
    The change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; specialization
  9. electrophoresis
    A method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge
  10. eosinophil
    White blood cell that contains granules that stain red
  11. erythroblast
    An immature red blood cell
  12. erythrocyte
    A red blood cell
  13. aerythropoietin (EPO)
    Hormone secreted by the kidneys that stimulates red blood cell formation
  14. fibrin
    Protein that forms the basis of a blood clot
  15. fibrinogen
    Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process
  16. globulin
    Plasma protein
  17. granulocyte
    White blood cell with numerous dark-staining granules
  18. hematopoietic stem cell
    A cell in bone marrow that gives rise to all types of blood cells
  19. hemoglobin
    Blood protein containing iron; carries oxygen in red blood cells
  20. hemolysis
    Destruction or breakdown of blood (red blood cells)
  21. heparin
    An anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells
  22. immune reaction
    Response of the immune system to foreign invasion
  23. immunoglobulin
    A protein with antibody activity
  24. leukocyte
    A white blood cell
  25. lymphocyte
    Mononuclear leukocyte that produces antibodies
  26. macrophage
    • Monocyte that migrates from the blood to tissue spaces; as a phagocyte, it engulfs
    • foreign material and debris; destroys worn out RBCs
  27. megakaryocyte
    Large platelet precursor cell found in the bone marrow
  28. monocyte
    Leukocyte with one large nucleus; engulfs foreign material and debris; becomes macrophage
  29. mononuclear
    • Pertaining to cell (leukocyte) with  single round
    • nucleus
  30. myeloblast
    Immature bone marrow that gives rise to granulocytes
  31. neutrophil
    • Granulocytic leukocyte formed in bone marrow; polymorphonuclear
    • leukocyte
  32. plasma
    • Liquid portion of blood; contains water, proteins, salts, nutrients, lipids, hormones,
    • and vitamins
  33. plasmapheresis
    Removal of plasma from withdrawn blood by centrifuge
  34. platelet
    A small blood fragment important in clotting
  35. polymorphonuclear
    Pertaining to a white blood cell with multi-shaped nucleus; neutrophil
  36. prothrombin
    Plasma protein; converted to thrombin in the clotting process
  37. reticulocyte
    Immature erythrocyte
  38. Rh factor
    Antigen on red blood cells of Rh-positive (RH+) individuals
  39. serum
    Plasma minus clotting proteins and cells
  40. stem cell
    Unspecialized cell that gives rise to mature, specialized forms
  41. thrombin
    Enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation
  42. thrombocyte
  43. bas/o
  44. chrom/o
  45. coagul/o
  46. cyt/o
  47. eosin/o
    red, dawn, rosy
  48. erythr/o
  49. granul/o
  50. hem/o
  51. hemat/o
  52. hemoglobin/o
  53. is/o
    same, equal
  54. kary/o
  55. leuk/o
  56. mon/o
    one, single
  57. morph/o
    shape, form
  58. myel/o
    bone marrow
  59. neutr/o
  60. nucle/o
  61. phag/o
    eat, swallow
  62. poikil/o
    varied, irregular
  63. sider/o
  64. spher/o
    globe, round
  65. thromb/o
  66. CBC
    Complete Blood Count
  67. EBV
    Epstein-Barr virus
  68. ESR
    Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
  69. Hct
  70. Hgb
  71. RBC
    Red Blood Cell
  72. WBC
    White Blood Cell
  73. WNL
    Within Normal Limits
  74. Anemia
    A deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
  75. Aplastic Anemia
    failure of blood cell production due to aplasia or absence of cell formation of bone marrow cells
  76. Hemolytic Anemia
    Reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
  77. Pernicious Anemia
    lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the bloodstream
  78. Sickle Cell
    hereditary disorder of abnormal hemoglobin producing sickle shape erythrocytes and hemolysis
  79. Thalassemia
    an inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin, leading to hypochromia
  80. Hemochromatosis
    excess iron deposits throughout the body
  81. Polycythemia Vera
    general increase in red blood cells
  82. Hemophilia
    excessive bleeding caused by the lack of one of the protein substances necessary for blood clotting; patients often bleed into weight-bearing joints, especially the ankles and knees
  83. Purpura
    multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin
  84. Leukemia
    an increase in cancerous WBC's
  85. Granulocytosis
    abnormal increase in granulocytes in the blood
  86. Mononucleosis
    an infectious disease marked by increased numbers of mononuclear leukocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes
  87. Multiple Myeloma
    malignant neoplasm of bone marrow. Malignant cells destroy bone tissue and cause overproduction of immunoglobulins.
  88. Apheresis
    separation of blood into component parts and removal of a select part from the blood
  89. Blood transfusion
    whole blood or cells taken from a donor and infused into a patient
  90. Bone Marrow Biopsy
    microscopic examination of a core of bone marrow removed with a needle
  91. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant
    peripheral stem cells from a compatible donor administered into a recipient's vein
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ch 13 med term
2013-11-11 01:01:21
eku hso 200 medical terminology

med term chapter 14 eku
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