Political Science I Exam 3

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Political Science I Exam 3
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2013-11-10 21:40:43
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Political Science Exam 3
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  1.  

    Political Socialization:
    the process by which citizens acquire politically relevant knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and patterns of behavior.
  2. Demography:
    Study of population including:births, deaths, income, or the incidence of disease, which illustrate the changing structure of human populations
  3. Ideology (political):
    Political ideologies are values, norms, and beliefs and are concerned with the proper functions of the government. American ideology is liberalism.
  4. Ideological groups:
    Pursue the liberal or conservative agendas ex: Americans for Democratic Action. American Conservative Union.
  5. Liberalism:
    an ideology that regards individuals as rational beings capable of overcoming obstacles to a better world and supporting changes in the political and economic status quo.
  6. Contract Theory:
    John Locke believed in natural goodness of humans and felt that state gained this legitimacy from the consent of the governed and is formed mainly to protect individuals’ rights to life, liberty and property.  Locke believed in limited Gov. and that the power rested on the consent of the governed.
  7. Random Sample:
  8. Consensus:
  9. Functions of the media:
  10. How media sets up the public agenda:
  11. An example of socializing process by the media:
  12. Broadcasting:
  13. Narrowcasting:
    media content aimed at specific segments of the public
  14. Radio talk shows are dominated by what party?
    Republican party (ex: Foxx News). CNN and others are controlled by democratic party.
  15. The most influential form of media:
    Television
  16. Classical liberalism:
    a view from the 19th century, that the government should play a  minimal role in society and permit maximum economic freedom for the individual.
  17. Populism:
    Democratization of government, economic reforms.
  18. Progressivism:
    Social programs to cope with problems caused by industrialization; public limits on private corporate power.
  19. Contemporary liberalism:
    The positive state; faith in solving problems collectively through government; programs to provide for the economic well-being of the nation, including the basic material needs of each individual; tolerance of various lifestyles.
  20. Neoliberalism:
    Creation, not redistribution, of wealth; free trade; reform of entitlement programs; a strong but economical defense.
  21. Early American Conservatism
    Sanctity of private property; distrust of unchecked popular rule; duty of government to promote a healthy economic environment and virtuous citizenry.
  22. Industrial Age Conservatism:
    Laissez-faire economics; individualism; social Darwinism
  23. Contemporary Conservatism
    Reduced spending on social programs; revamping tax policies to encourage economic growth strong military defense; little positive action to redness racial and gender discrimination; duty of government to promote a virtuous citizenry.
  24. Neoconservatism
    Skepticism of government's ability to solve social and economic problems; acceptance of modest welfare state; opposition to racial and gender quotas to redress discrimination; creation, not redistribution of wealth, assertive foreign policy.
  25. Democratic Socialism
    Public ownership of basic industries, banks, agricultural enterprises, and communications systems; wage and price controls; redistribution of wealth to achieve true economic equality; expanded welfare programs.
  26. Libertarianism
    Minimal government; protection of property of rights and freedom of individuals; no government regulation of the economy; non interventionist foreign policy; drastic reduction in defense spending.
  27. Yellow journalism:
    Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers.
  28. Federal Communications Commission (FCC):
    An agency of the national government that regulates the telecommunications industry in the US, including the licensing and operation of all radio and tv stations
  29. Journalistic ethics:
  30. Journalists:
    People who gather, write and report the news for newspapers, magazine, radio, tv, and internet
  31. News Briefing:
    An official makes an announcement or attempts to explain a policy. Ex: In international hostage situations, much of the news originates with regular briefings given to reporters at the State Department
  32. Current Press Secretary:
    Jay Carney. Duties common for press secretaries include staying abreast of the news and public sentiment regarding the organizations for which they are employed. They may have to respond to inquiries from media sources or members of the public.
  33. Shield Laws:
    Statutes that protect the identity of journalists' news sources or their knowledge of criminal acts
  34. Variables that predict political voting behavior
    demographic variables: age, income, sex, gender,  race, culture or religion
  35. Laissez Faire:
    French for "leave things alone"; the view in economics that government should not interfere in the workings of the economy.
  36. 3 Types of Television Coverage:
    • advertising
    • management of news coverage
    • political debates
  37. Gatekeepers:
    editors and journalists in newsrooms across the land decide in large measure what the American people will know about.
  38. PBS Broadcasting channel in RGV:
    KMBH-TV
  39. Main reason for internet use by teens:
  40. Who owns media?
    private political parties. Except PBS and NPR which are aided by the public and government support.

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