American Government

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Author:
rbaron
ID:
246200
Filename:
American Government
Updated:
2013-11-10 19:21:38
Tags:
Chapter 12
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Description:
Supreme Court and the American Judiciary
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  1. Almost all divorce and personal injury cases are heard in _________ courts.
    State
  2. Questions of state law may get into district court through _______ _________.
    diversity jurisdiction
  3. The ____________ Court hears suits involving monetary damages against the United States Government.
    Claims
  4. Today, almost all cases reach the Supreme Court on a write of __________.
    certiorari
  5. The practice that allows home-state senators considerable control over the fate of presidential nominees is called _______ _________.
    senatorial courtesy
  6. Petitions for review filed by lawyers with the supreme Court's clerk are called ____________.
    briefs
  7. Prior decisions in similar court cases are called ____________.
    Precedents
  8. Congress and states may correct the Supreme Court's interpretation of the Constitution through a _________ _________.
    Constitutional amendment
  9. The judiciary operates only in the context of cases.
    T
  10. The United States Supreme Court can decide only cases that originate in federal courts.
    F
  11. Most federal and state judges are appointed for life and can be removed only by impeachment
    F
  12. Presidents overwhelmingly appoint members of their own political party to the federal bench.
    T
  13. About half the cases the Supreme Court decides involve the meaning the justices give to words legislators have written.
    T
  14. The Supreme Court usually writes a decision for the majority of the cases on its docket each term.
    F
  15. Supreme Court conferences and deliberations are open to the public.
    F
  16. The written opinion of the Supreme Court represents a Consensus of the majority of justices.
    T
  17. The most often used check on judicial power has been impeachment.
    F
  18. An attempt to recover damages following an automobile accident would be considered a _____.
    A.  criminal case
    B.  federal case
    C.  appellate case
    D.  civil case
    D.  civil case
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. State courts that serve as trial courts for serious criminal offenses are
    A.  courts of limited jurisdiction
    B.  courts of general jurisdiction
    C.  intermediate appellate courts
    D.  courts of last resort
    B.  courts of general jurisdiction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The Missouri Plan
    A.  requires judges to run as independents without any party affliliation
    B.  is a recall device used to remove undesirable state judges
    C.  allows state governors to appoint judges from a list of nominees
    D.  requires judges to be elected for five-year terms
    C.  allows state governors to appoint judges from a list of nominees
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Almost all federal cases begin in the
    A.  courts of general jurisdiction
    B.  United States courts of appeal
    C.  United States district courts
    D.  state courts
    C.  United States district courts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Each of the following is a legislative court except
    A.  Court of Military Appeals
    B.  Tax Court
    C.  Claims Court
    D.  Court of International Trade
    D.  Court of International Trade
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The Supreme Court's original jurisdiction included cases
    a.  between one of the states and the United states government
    b.  between two or more states
    c.  involving foreign ambassadors, ministers, or consuls
    d.  all of the above
    d.  all of the above
  24. Dwight Eisenhower's choice of Earl Warren as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
    A.  resulted in a landmark cases involving social reform
    B.  moved the Court in a conservative direction
    C.  resulted in a series of judicial reforms
    D.  proved to be a very popular choice amount conservatives
    A.  resulted in a landmark cases involving social reform
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Throughout history, which of the following is true of most Supreme Court justices?
    A.  They been active in public affairs or have held political office.
    B.  They come from ethnic or minority backgrounds.
    C.  They come from a variety of religious backgrounds.
    D.  They have been representative of American society
    A.  They been active in public affairs or have held political office.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. The process by which judges attempt to figure out the meaning of particular laws passed by Congress or state legislatures is called
    a.  judicial review
    b.  legislative intent
    b.  fact determination
    d.  legitimation
    b.  legislative intent
  27. Fact discretion is most visible in
    A.  the Supreme Court
    B.  legislative courts
    C.  intermediate appellate courts
    D.  trial courts
    D.  trial courts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. When are chances for review by the Supreme Court significantly increased
    a.  The United States is a party to the case and requests review.
    b.  The case involves and issue the justices are eager to resolve.
    c.  The Court's workload permits accepting another case for decision
    d.  All of the above
    d.  All of the above
  29. Documents submitted to the Court from interest groups and others who are not parties to the case but have a stake in its outcome are called
    A.  amici curiae briefs
    B.  arraignments
    C.  dissenting opinions
    D.  write of certiorari
    A.  amici curiae briefs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The United States government's lawyer before the Supreme Court is called the
    A.  solicitor general
    B.  chief justice
    C.  special presecutor
    D.  federal district attorney
    A.  solicitor general
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Oral argument before the Supreme Court
    A.  give the justices a chance to ask questions about the case
    B.  have virtually no influence on the outcome of the case
    C.  are held in private
    D.  may last for hours
    A.  give the justices a chance to ask questions about the case
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Franklin Roosevelt's court-packing plan
    A.  became law in 1937
    B.  increased the size of the Supreme Court bench to 15
    C.  resulted in a more conservative Supreme Court.
    D.  was a ploy to create seats for new justices who would support the president's programs
    D.  was a ploy to create seats for new justices who would support the president's programs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. What influences the Supreme Court's decision-making?
    a.  the justice's own political ideas
    b.  public opinion
    c.  collegial interaction
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  34. A judicial restraintist
    A.  often changes the decisions made by other branches of government
    B.  finds constitutional standard hard to meet
    C.  is wary of going against the wishes of elected representatives
    D.  is eager to apply judicial review
    C.  is wary of going against the wishes of elected representatives
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Checks on judicial power include
    a.  constitutional ammendment
    b.  impeachment
    c.  withdrawing jurisdiction
    d.  all of the above
    d.  all of the above

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