Drugs for Exam 4

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GordyG
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246227
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Drugs for Exam 4
Updated:
2013-11-10 22:58:46
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Pharmacology
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Pharmacology
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  1. Tagamet
    H2 Receptor Blocker

    • Used to treat Gastric Ulcers
    • Suppresses gastric secretions
  2. Aciphex
    Proton Pump Inhibitor used to treat Zollinger-Ellison Tumor
  3. Sucralfate (Carafate)
    Anti-ulcer

    Creates viscous protective barrier
  4. Colace
    • Class III laxative
    • Surfactant
  5. Miralax
    • Osmotic laxative
    • draws water into the gut
  6. Zofran
    anti-emetic
  7. Emand
    Used with other antiemetics

    Prevent CINV
  8. Reglan
    DA antagonist as entiemetic

    Also a prokinetic agent for IBD
  9. Lomotil and Immodium
    Anti-diarrheals

    Opioids
  10. Infliximab (Remicade)
    Immunomodulator used for IBD
  11. Diphenhydramine
    • First generation H1 antagonist
    • Antihistamine
  12. Claritin
    • Second generation H1 antagonist
    • Antihistamine
  13. Azelastine/Astalin
    Nasal spray antihistamine
  14. ASA
    • nonselective COX inhibitor
    • Nonreversible
  15. Celebrex
    • Second Generation NSAID
    • COX 2 inhibitor
  16. Toradol
    • First generation NSAID
    • COX 1 and COX 2 inhibitor
  17. Ibuprofen
    Naproxen
    • First generation NSAID
    • COX 1 and COX 2 inhibitor
  18. Acetaminphen
    • Not an anti-inflammatory
    • Anti-pyretic
    • Analgesic
  19. Cortisone and Prednisone
    Can be used as anti-inflammatories
  20. Cortisone
    Anti-inflammatory and Immunosuppressant
  21. Prednisone
    Can treat RA if only one or two joints are affected
  22. Methotrexate/Rheumatrex
    • Nonbiologic DMARD
    • Treats RA
  23. Enbrel
    Biologic DMARD
  24. Orecenia
    Biologic DMARD
  25. Indocine and Prednisone
    Treats Gout
  26. Colchicine
    Treats Gout
  27. Zyloprim and Uloric
    Treat Gout outbreak, followed by Probenicid
  28. Probenicid
    Treats Gout, follows treatment with Zyloprim and Uloric
  29. Ketoconazole
    Given to increase levels of Cyclosporine without increasing
  30. Prograf
    Calcineurin inhibitor
  31. Methotrexate/ Trexall
    Cytotoxic drug

    Primarily for CA
  32. mABs
    • Given IV
    • Can cause anaphylaxis
  33. Short acting insulin
    • Given around meals
    • used to control blood sugar quickly
  34. Humalog
    Rapid acting insulin
  35. Regular Insulin
    • Short acting but slower than Humalog
    • Given around meals
    • Given on a sliding scale
  36. Intermediate acting insulin
    • NPH
    • Given twice a day
    • SubQ only
    • Controls blood sugar between meals and at night
  37. NPH
    • Intermediate acting insulin
    • Given SubQ only
    • Controls blood sugar between meals and at night
  38. Lantus
    • Long acting insulin - 24 hours
    • SubQ only
  39. Sulfonylureas
    • Promotes insulin secretion by pancreas
    • Not for Sulfa allergy patients
  40. Glinides
    • Promotes insulin secretion by the pancreas
    • No sulfa base
    • Don't use with fibrates
  41. Prandin
    Glinide

    • Promotes insulin secretion
    • Not a sulfa base
    • Don't take with fibrates
  42. Biguanides
    Decreases glucose production by the liver
  43. Metformin
    Biguinide

    Decreases glucose production by the liver
  44. Glitazones
    • Not for type 1 DM
    • Decreases insulin resistance
  45. Avandia
    • Glitazone
    • Not for DM1

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