EARLY COLD WAR UNIT- Darby

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EARLY COLD WAR UNIT- Darby
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  1. UN General Assembly
    This is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation.

    Its powers are to oversee the budget of the United Nations, appoint the non-permanent members to the Security Council, receive reports from other parts of the United Nations and make recommendations in the form of General Assembly Resolutions.
  2. U.N. Security Council
    The Security Council is the United Nations' most powerful body. It has "primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security." Five powerful countries sit as "permanent members" along with ten other member states, elected for two-year terms.
  3. Iron Curtain
    refers to the secrecy and isolation of the Soviet Union and its satellite states, East Germany, Hungary, and Poland, after World War II. The phrase was first used by Winston Churchill while he was giving a speech in the United States.
  4. Satellite Nations
    a country that appears to be independent, but is under heavy political and economic influence or control by another country; used mainly to refer to Central and Eastern European countries of the Warsaw Pact during the Cold War
  5. George F. Kennan
    expert on Soviet affairs that contributed to the Containment Doctrine; said that if we contained Russia would cause the Soviets to back off their Communist ideology of world domination (X Article)
  6. Dean Acheson
    Secretary of State, was charged by McCarthy to have knowingly employed 205 Communist members but again, was not proven.
  7. Marshal Tito
    The Yugoslav statesman Marshal Tito became president of Yugoslavia in 1953. He directed the rebuilding of a Yugoslavia devastated in World War II and the bringing together of Yugoslavia's different peoples with communism until his death in 1980.
  8. George Marshall
    United States general, who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program
  9. Winston Churchill
    Soldier, politician and finally prime minister, Winston Churchill was one of Britain's greatest 20th-century heroes. He is particularly remembered for his indomitable spirit while leading Great Britain to victory in World War II.
  10. Truman Doctrine
    1947 - Stated that the U.S. would support any nation threatened by Communism.
  11. Marshall Plan
    Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
  12. GI bill of rights
    Provided for college or vocational training for returning WWII veterans as well as one year of unemployment compensation. Also provided for loans for returning veterans to buy homes and start businesses.
  13. Atomic Energy Act
    • this act passed in 1946 by the US allowed the Atomic Energy Commission many powers and authority over atomic development
    • Federal law that a commission to oversee nuclear weapons and to promote peacetime uses of atomic energy
  14. Taft Hartley Act
    1947 - Senator Robert A. Taft co-authored the labor-Management Relations Act with new Jersey Congressman Fred Allan Hartley, Jr. The act amended the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 and imposed certain restrictions of the money and power of labor unions, including a prohibition against mandatory closed shops.
  15. 22nd Amendment
    Passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two terms of office.
  16. 80th Congress
    "Do Nothing Congres"- Truman. Elected in 1946 voted both houses Republican. Called Do Nothing because they always veteoed any programs that spent money., Vetoes most of Truman's ideas, Republicans = shrink New Deal Democrats = expand New Deal
  17. Fair Deal
    Domestic reform proposals of the second Truman administration (1949-53); included civil rights legislation and repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act, but only extensions of some New Deal programs were enacted.
  18. National Security Act
    Established Department of Defense, the National Security Council and the CIA and the NSRB
  19. Potsdam
    The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdamn, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.

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