psych test 3

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  1. Prenatal Development
  2. two dimensions of emotion
    Valence and Arousal
  3. the sides of the emotion chart
    arousal top and bottom and valence left and right
  4. James lange theory
    stimuli from the world trigger activity in the nervous system which produces an emotional experience in the brain.
  5. cannon-bard theory
    experiencing state of arousal and interact with a stimuli at the same time
  6. two factor theory
    emotions are interfeerences about causes of undifferentiated physiological arousal
  7. I am trembling therefor I am afraid
    James Lange
  8. Simotanousouly feeling fear while resulting in reaction
    cannon-bard theory
  9. We have to think and connect it to a problem before being scared
    two factor theory
  10. Amygdala role in emotions
    Stimulus is active in the amygdala
  11. Fast path
    thalamus directly to amygdala
  12. slow path
    thinking more and relating it to other parts of the brain then making a reaction
  13. Emotion regulation
    Cognitive and behavioral strategies used to influence ones emotional experience
  14. reappraisal
    all though in a bad situation, utilizing the good and correlating it into your brighter emotions
  15. Universality hypothesis
    individual can accurately judge emotional expressions of other cultures
  16. Facial feedback hypothesis
    emotional expression causes emotional experiences they signify
  17. intensification, deintensification, masking, and neutralizing
    display rules
  18. intensification vs deintensification
    exaggerating or not putting enough in a emotion
  19. masking
    expressing and emotion even though u feel another way
  20. neutralizing
    ignore an emotion
  21. morphology, symmetry, duration, temporal patterns
    signs of sincerity
  22. morphology
    certain facial muscles resist conscious control
  23. symmetrical vs. duration
    is it all the same way or is it awkward and how long do they hold it for
  24. temporal pattering
    appear and disappear more smoothly, insecurity will be abrupt and tense
  25. reasons for being bad lie detector
    bad facial expressions
  26. Disgust
    protection mechanism for things we don't want
  27. similarity
    • 2 things share properties.
    • ex// water is gross from the toilet
  28. 3 stages of prenatal development
  29. Germinal stage
    cell division and egg attaches to wall and one sperm changes the egg
  30. Embryonic stage
    • Life support, organs form, movement
    • begin with outline and heart beat. Human form
  31. Fetal stage
    Body then growth, tell sex differentiation, detect senses. Sleep patterns and habit occur
  32. Assimilation
    culture way of learning how to live. talking
  33. Accommodation
    • Change your current information of knowledge from new experiences and bringing in new schemes.
    • Ex// acknowledging that cats and dogs have for legs but are different animals
  34. proximedistal psych
    limb growth
  35. Cephalocaudal development
    development of fingers and toes
  36. sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete, formal operational
    piagets 4 stages of development
  37. sensorimotor period
    reflexes and imitation occur.
  38. object permanence
    • when an object is known to be noticeable when covered
    • Ex// babies don't know a object is visible behind something until older
  39. 2 tests for object permanence
    • cover and uncover train and box
    • also show an impossible and possible event and see if kids stare at it for a while
  40. symbolic representation
    more complex thoughts therefor making sense of drawings, words, and play
  41. conservation
    making sense if things are identical or not
  42. egocentrism
    absorption of own perceptions, feelings thoughts. more realistic
  43. egosentrism symbolic representation and conservation occur in which stage
    pre operational
  44. theory of mind
    figuring out what people will do. being able to have false beliefs
  45. concrete operation
    becoming more logical, flexible, and organized but not so much abstract
  46. formal operations
    more abstract and scientifical. Reasoning morals, truth, and justice through your own experiences
  47. Freuds Psychoanalytic theory of attachment
    • mom satisfies oral needs
    • Ex// Sigmund freuds attachment for motherly needs
  48. behaviorism
    when given positive associations such as food and shelter we become attached
  49. Bowlbys ethological theory
    Secure base of a caregiver gives us a guide to expectation regarding the relationship which influences your adjustment to the world, social behaviors, and self esteem
  50. Harlow and Zimmerman monkey experiment
    Monkeys attached to cloth when scared because they found similarity in feeling with mother
  51. Internal working model
    • -guided expectations regarding relationships
    • -change in adjustment, self/ and social behavior
  52. stranger anxiety, separation, social referring, greetings, secure base, safe haven
    signs of attachment
  53. social referring
    looking at a familiar person for an answer.
  54. Insecure avoidant and resistant, security, disorganized and disoriented,
    attachment classifications
  55. secure characteristic
    happily can play and can become less happy when parent leaves but will greet happily
  56. insecure avoidance to parents
    can play happily and doesn't acknowledge parent leaving or returning
  57. Insecure/ resistant and ambivalent
    kid is clingy and when parent leaves the kid is sad and when the parent returns he is angry
  58. Disorganized
    Kid is cautious of parent and can over react to parent leaving and still assort it with it returning
  59. Piagets moral method
  60. 3 stages of piagets
    early, heteronomous, and autonomous
  61. Heteronomynous
    Focus on consequences
  62. exploratory punishment vs. immanent justice in heteronomous morality
    • -exploratory means punishment will lead to good behavior
    • -Immanent justice is believing that bad things will happen to bad people so karma
  63. Autonomous morality
    focus on intension and realizing that laws and rules can be changed
  64. problems with piagets theory
    underestimated kids and focusing on morals vs controversial rules
  65. preconventianal, conventional,post conventional
    kohlburgs 3 levels of morality
  66. level one preconventional morality
    externally controlled and avoid punishment
  67. level 2: conventional morality
    responding to authority but seeing the other sides of things. being able to help both sides
  68. level 3:post conventional morality
    abiding to one idea and ethics whether it is against the law or not
  69. kohlburgs critic
    hard to code and doesn't reflect everyday moral mentality. few can reach higher stages
  70. changes that occur in puberty
    primary and secondary
  71. primary sex characteristics
    gonads and horomones
  72. secondary changes
    facial hair pubes voice etc
  73. secular trend
    certain nations with healthier habits and horomones tend to have younger puberty and vice versa
  74. crowd vs. clique
    clique is your friend group. crowds dont have to be friends but are a lot of ppl
  75. socioemotional theory
    only wanting to hear the good stuff as you get older
  76. bilateral symmetry
    adults call on other neural help to be more satisfied while we work one side of th brain
  77. married vs. not married including children
    married couples tend to be happier because of sex but kids may interfere till moved out
  78. secure avoidant nd anxious are examples of
    adult attach,ent issues. secure is if there is no anxiety or avoidance
  79. broffenbrenner ecology chart
  80. examples of each state in the ecological chart
    • micro- you, the child
    • meso- personal area such as doctors school, etc
    • exo- don't contain children but neighbors, work, extended family, etc
    • Macro- laws, national issues,
    • chrono- changes in the enviroment overtime
  81. an indivisuals style of behavior feelings and thinking
  82. unstructured tst vs. structured
    • unstructured- i am....
    • structured- true false, and scale ratings
  83. Minnesota Multiphasic PersonalityInventory (MMPI):
     a well-researchedclinical questionnaire used to assesspersonality and psychological problems. 1-5 agree to disagree
  84. The big 5
    • Openness to experience
    • Conscientiousness
    • Extraversion
    • Agreeableness 
    • Neuroticism
  85. ID
    • primary process thinking
    • - drives and urges that make up your immediate gratification
  86. ego
    constrains id into reality. your secondary process thinking
  87. superego
    concious. morals. right vs. wrong
  88. defensive mechanisms
    support the ego and escape anxiety. threatened by id
  89.  Repression
    not allowing inappropriatethoughts, feelings, or desires to reachawareness. Ego uses repression to keep forbidden thoughts inthe unconscious.
  90. displacement
    putting anger towards other unharful beings
  91. rationalization
    exaggerating beliefs that might not be socially acceptable
  92. reaction formation
    liking someone you hate to avoid anxiety. acting nice when u want to be mean
  93. projection
    taking in others behaviors to be distressed
  94. regression
    behaviors that fixed in the earlier stages might affect them later therefor regret the past.
  95. sublimation
    taking anger out in more acceptable ways
  96. oral stage
    mouth. can become to attached and may smoke, drink, or eat a lot
  97. anal stage
    • control and independence. success.
    • if not controlled then kid will not be controlled. either aggressive or lazy.
  98. phalic stage
    wanting mother and replacing father. noticing differences between men and woman.
  99. oedpic conflict
    wanting mom and to replace father
  100. electra complex
    penis envy
  101. latency stage
    break of psychological experience
  102. genital stage
    focus on the opposite sex
  103. Humanistic approach on personality
    self actualization
  104. Heiarchy of needs
    • base- food water air
    • safety- where you are living and health
    • love and belonging- family, intimacy, friends
    • esteem- repetation
    • self actualization- morality, creativity, problem solving, everything uve learned
  105. social cognitive approach
    • Person-situation controversy (situational specificity, strong situation)
    • Self-concept and self-esteem (definition; development over time)
  106. person-situation controversy
    debate saying people are bad in different situations unless it is easily predicted
  107. self esteem
    how u think and evaluate your self
  108. self concept
    A person’s explicit knowledge of his or herown behaviors, traits, and other personalcharacteristics.
  109. example of self concept
    • mirror
    • knowing ur slef
    • others
    • then what u think of yourself all together
Card Set:
psych test 3
2013-11-15 01:32:01

study guide for test 3
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