Exam Week 12

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  1. Ways to enhance clients self esteem
    • involve them in their care plan
    • Listen carefully
    • discourage negative comments
    • avoid comparisons with other people
    • encourage association with positive support people
  2. ways to enhance self esteem for adolescents
    • give them more responsibilities, they need to experience success and failure
    • Show appreciation
  3. what are factors that affect self-concept?
    • Stage and Development
    • Family and Culture
    • Stressors
    • Resources
    • History¬†of Success and Failure
    • Illness
  4. Common Stressors affecting Self Concept
    • Identity Stressors
    • Body Image Stressors
    • Self-Esteem Stressors
    • Role Stressors
  5. What are Role Stressors
    • Change or Loss of a job
    • Divorce
    • Illness of self or others
    • Ambiguous or conflicting role expectations
    • Inability to meet role expectations
  6. What are self-esteem stressors
    • lack or positive feedback from significant others
    • repeated failures
    • unrealistic expectations
    • abusive relationship
    • loss of financial security
  7. what are body image stressors
    • loss of body part
    • loss of body function
    • disfigurement
    • unrealistic ideal body
  8. what are identity stressors
    • change is appearance
    • declining physical mental or sensory abilities
    • Relationship concerns
    • sexual concerns
    • unrealistic ideal self
  9. What are the 4 components of Self Concept?
    • Personal Identity
    • Body Image
    • Role Performance
    • Self-Esteem
  10. Personal Identity
    • sense of individuality/uniqueness
    • name, age, sex, occupation, race, culture, beliefs, values..

    Who a person believes he or she is
  11. Body Image
    • how a person perceives themselves
    • size, appearance, and functioning of their body and its parts
  12. Role Performance
    • how a person fulfills the behaviors expected in a role¬†
    • __Role mastery
    • __Role Development
    • __ Role Ambiguity
    • __Role strain
    • __Role Conflicts
  13. Self Esteem
    one's judgment of one's own worth
  14. global self esteem
    how much we like ourselves as a whole
  15. Specific self-esteem
    how much one approves or a part or oneself
  16. Role Mastery
    behaviors meet social expectations
  17. Role development
    socialized into a role

    nursing student is socialized into a nurse
  18. Role Ambiguity
    when expectations are unclear
  19. Role Strain
    Frustrated because they feel or are made to feel inadequate or unsuited for a role

    Associated with stereotypes (woman in mans job)
  20. Role Conflict
    opposing or incompatible expectations
  21. Self-Awareness
    refers to the relationship between ones perception of himself/herself and others perceptions of him or her
  22. self-concept influences
    • how one thinks, talks, acts
    • how one sees and treats others
    • choices one makes
    • ability to take action and change things
    • ability to give and receive love
  23. what are the 4 dimensions of self concept
    • Self-Knowledge
    • Self-Expectations
    • Social Self
    • Social Evaluation
  24. Self-Knowledge
    insight to one's own abilities, nature and limitations
  25. Self-Expectations
    what one expects from oneself
  26. Social Self
    how a person is perceived by others and society
  27. Social Evaluation
    the appraisal of oneself in relationship to others, events or situations
  28. internal stressors
    originate within the person
  29. external stressors
    originate outside the person
  30. Psychological Indicators of stress
    • Anxiety: Mild, Moderate, Severe, and Panic
    • Fear
    • Anger
    • Depression
    • Ego Defense Mechanisms
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Exam Week 12
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