exam 3 flashcards.txt

The flashcards below were created by user ahine1 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Drug courier profile
    a set of identifiers developed by law enforcement agencies describing the types of individuals who are likely to transport drugs
  2. Fishing expedition
    an act to see if some type of usable evidence can be found on the suspect
  3. Frisk
    a pat-down for weapons
  4. Plain touch doctrine
    if an officer feels what he or she believes is a weapon, contraband, or evidence, he officer may expand the search or seize the object
  5. Racial profiling
    any police-initiated action that relies on race, ethnicity, or the national origin of an individual instead of on individual acts or behavior
  6. Reasonable suspicion
    not defined with precision by the Court, but it is a less demanding standard than probable cause
  7. Stationhouse detention
    detention takes place at the police station and is used for obtaining fingerprints, photographs, conducting police lineups, or securing identification or other types of evidence
  8. Stop
    detaining a person briefly so the officer can ask questions
  9. Actual seizure
    the taking of a person into custody with the use of hands, force, or firearms
  10. Arrest
    the taking of a person into custody against his or her will for the purpose of criminal prosecution or interrogation
  11. Arrest warrant
    a writ issued by a duly authorized person that instructs a law enforcement officer to bring the person to a magistrate or judge in connection with an offense with which he or she has been charged
  12. Bench warrant
    issued when a person does not appear for a hearing
  13. Blanket exceptions
    exceptions that apply to a certain type of case regardless of circumstances
  14. Capias
    the general name for several types of writs that require an officer to take a defendant into custody
  15. Citation
    a writ from a court ordering a person to appear in court at a specified time
  16. Citizens arrest
    an arrest made by a citizen or nonlaw enforcement personnel without a warrant
  17. Constructive seizure
    occurs without any physical touching, grabbing, holding, or use of force when the individual peacefully submits to the officers will and control
  18. Deadly force
    force that, when used, poses a high risk of death or serious injury to its human target
  19. Exigent circumstances
    emergency circumstances that make obtaining a warrant impractical, useless, dangerous, or unnecessary, and that justify warrantless arrests or entries into homes or premises
  20. John Doe warrant
    issued when the person to be arrested is well described in the warrant, but not identified by name
  21. Neutral and detached magistrate
    an issuing officer who is not unalterably aligned with the police or prosecutors position in the case
  22. Nondeadly force
    force that, when used, is not likely to result in serious bodily injury or death
  23. Protective sweep
    The police look at rooms or places in the house other than where the arrest takes place
  24. Punitive force
    force that is used to punish rather than to accomplish lawful results
  25. Reasonable force
    force that a prudent and cautious person would use if exposed to similar circumstances
  26. Seizure
    the taking of a person into custody
  27. Telephonic warrant
    issued after a telephonic communication between the issuing judge and the officer
  28. Use-of-force continuum
    description of an escalating series of actions an officer may appropriately use, from no force to deadly force
  29. Administrative searches
    searches conducted by government investigators to determine whether there are violations of government rules and regulations
  30. Anticipatory search warrant
    a warrant obtained based on probable cause and on an expectation that seizable items will be found at a certain place
  31. Apparent authority principle
    appears to have authority but, in reality, does not
  32. Chimel rule
    a rule that allows police officers after an arrest to search the arrestees area of immediate control
  33. Contemporaneous search
    the search must occur at the time as, or very close in time and place to, the arrest
  34. Reasonable expectation of privacy
    exists when a person exhibits an actual expectation of privacy, and the expectation is one that society is prepared to recognize as reasonable

    • Right to privacy
    • the right to be alone
  35. Search
    the exploration or examination of an individuals home, premises, or person to discover things or items that may be used by the government as evidence in a criminal proceeding
  36. Search warrant
    a written order, issued by a magistrate, directing a peace office to search for property connected with a crime and bring it before the court
  37. Special needs exception
    an exception to the requirements of a warrant and probable cause under the Fourth Amendment; it allows warrantless searches and searches on less-than-probable cause in cases where there are needs to be met other than those of law enforcement, such as the supervision of high school students, probationers, and parolees
Card Set:
exam 3 flashcards.txt
2013-11-11 03:57:08
exam flashcards

exam 3 flashcards
Show Answers: