Card Set Information
FWS Master Level
Are sweet white wines the most technically precise to make?
Yes. Picking the grape at the right moment is paramount. Also financially challenging; 50% sold in futures.
: several hours for skin contact (if any)
: several weeks for vatting, fermentation, maceration. 80-95% sold in futures.
What is the sign of a good sweet white wine?
High levels of sweetness
Commensurately high levels of acidity
What are the only 2 sensations all white wines have?
Dry, sweet, and sparkling white wines only have sweetness and acidity
Name the 5 communes of AOC Sauternes
What is the permitted yield and RS for Sauternais sweet whites in Bordeaux?
Sauternes and Barsac
: 25 hl/ha and 221 g/l
: 40 hl/ha and 212 g/l
Name the 6 AOC for Bordeaux sweet white wines
Name the 2 AOC for Bordeaux semi-sweet white wines
AOC Graves Superieur
: 947 hl, 29 ha, = 33 hl/ha
AOC Premiers Cotes de Bordeaux
: 5,602 hl, 207 ha, = 27 hl/ha
These AOC wines are rare but of high quality
How much residual sugar is allowed in dry, semi-sweet, and sweet white wines in Bordeaux?
: < 4 g/l
: 4-45 g/l
: > 45 g/l
What rivers join around Barsac/Loupiac/Sainte-Croix du-Mont?
: a large warm river
: a cool stream (flows through pine forest)
Is Cadillac within the Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux appellation?
Is the altitude of the left bank AOCs (Sauternes/Barsac/Cerons) lower or higher than on Garonne's right bank AOCs(Cadillac/Loupiac/Sainte-Croix du-Mont)?
How is the progress of grapes affected by Botrytis Cinerea measured?
Name three levels of potential alcohol
Ripe (No botrytis)
Pink ("pourri plein" -- fully rotten)
Shrivelled ("cuit" -- cooked)
Compare yields of red vs sweet white wine
: 50 hl/ha (1 vine = 1 bottle)
: 25 hl/ha (1 vine = 3 glasses)
: 8-9 hl/ha (1 vine = 1 glass)
What does Botrytis give to a wine?
Spicy, Apricot, Honeysuckle, Canned corn, Shoe polish
Who is the winemaker at Chateau Raymond-Lafon?
Pierre Meslier (was winemaker at d'Yquem... adjacent property)
What sensory affect does Botrytis itself have on sweet wine?
None according to Denis Dubourdieu, Bordeaux oenology school
Rather, it stimulates the grape to overproduce aromatic precursors
Can over-ripe grapes not affected by Botrytis produce sweet wine?
Yes, e.g., Alsace Late Harvest
Describe sweet wine made without botrytis
evaporation and concentration impact taste but lack aromatic richness of botrytis
increases precursors by a factor of 2 (vs 10 with botrytis)
When must botrytis occur for desired results?
Right after ripeness is achieved
Too early - unsatisfactory results
Too late - grapes not stimulated
What is the main white grape for dry whites?
What is the main white grape for sweet whites?
Pineapple, mango, passion fruit
Thinner skin takes well to botrytis
Increases aging potential
Chateau d'Yquem - 80%
What does Sauvignon contribute to sweet whites?
Should be < 50% (because it reduces aging potential)
What does Muscadelle contribute to sweet whites?
Little - reduce the appeal of the wine
Inappropriate Muscat aromas
Compare Barsac and Sauternes soils and wine
: red sand above limestone (lively)
: gravel and sand (richer)
Name 3 other appellations that make sweet whites, but NOT exclusively
Cotes de Bordeaux-Saint-Macaire
Most producers in these appellations DON'T make sweet whites
Sweetness due to over-ripeness, not botrytis
Do Bordeaux producers refer to their sweet whites as dessert wines?
No - they HATE that term
Has financial implication since fewer people drink at end of meal due to DUI laws
What do you eat with Bordeaux sweet whites?
: doesn't impact wine served next since enough time
: foie gras
: roast chicken (salt, pepper, tarragon)
: blue cheeses like Roquefort
: lemon/apple tart
What percent of 2009 Bordeaux production was in St-Emilion, Pomerol, and Fronsac?
Bordeaux and Bordeaux Superieur
Name Dewey Markham Jr.'s favorite good value Bordeaux wines
Cote de Castillon
Chateau Raymond-Lafon (Sauternes)