Quiz 2.1

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Ritameeker
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246333
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Quiz 2.1
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2013-11-11 15:26:38
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Trauma cells bones MOI
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Quiz 2.1
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  1. The purpose of determining the MOI and the index of suspicion for the trauma patient at the same time is to allow you to:

    A. decide whether to transport the patient
    B. document a complete scene size-up
    C. anticipate your patient's injuries
    D. identify comorbid factors
    C. anticipate your patient's injuries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following acts resulted in the development of modern EMS systems?

    A. Ryan White Act
    B. Highway Safety Act of 1966
    C. Good Samaritan Act
    D. The Trauma Care Systems Planning and Development Act of 1990
    B. Highway Safety Act of 1966
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the following physical findings indicates the need for immediate transport?

    A. fractured right femur
    B. Second-degree burns involving 9 percent of total body surface area in an adult patient
    C. vital signs: systolic bp 80, respiratory rate 8
    D. Glasgow Coma Scale Score of 15
    C. vital signs: systolic bp 80, respiratory rate 8
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following is NOT considered a significant MOI in pediatric patients?

    A. vehicle collision with intrusion into compartment where child is a passenger
    B. fall of 5 feet
    C. bicycle-vehicle collision at 30 mph
    D. any collision in which a child is ejected from the vehicle
    B. fall of 5 feet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which of the following is NOT a consideration when assessing a trauma patient?

    A. Underlying medical conditions
    B. SAMPLE history
    C. MedicAlert bracelets
    D. Medical insurance coverage
    D. Medical insurance coverage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. When assessing a patient with a crush injury, which of the following findings would indicate that toxins have entered the central circulation?

    A. Increased urine output
    B. Central hyperventilation syndrome
    C. Hot, red skin
    D. Cardiac arrhythmia
    D. Cardiac arrhythmia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. In frontal impact collisions which pathway of patient travel results in higher mortality?

    A. up-and-over
    B. vertical
    C. straight
    D. down-and-under
    A. up-and-over
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. People in which of the following age groups are prone to significant trauma due to falls?

    A. teenagers
    B. pediatric population
    C. college-aged adults
    D. geriatric population
    D. geriatric population
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Your patient is an 8 yom with a pencil impaled 2 centimeters inferior to the xiphoid process.  You note that the pencil is pulsating.  Which of the following is the best action?

    A. remove the pencil and apply direct pressure to the wound; transport to a trauma center if the bleeding does not stop with direct pressure
    B. start an IV and request orders for analgesia and sedation
    C. stabilize the pencil and transport to the nearest medical facility
    D. stabilize the pencil in place and transport to a trauma center
    D. stabilize the pencil in place and transport to a trauma center
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. In a motor vehicle collision, when the driver's chest strikes the steering wheel, what produces injury next?

    A. the air bag deploys a second time
    B. unsecured objects in the vehicle become projectiles
    C. the steering column shears off, causing penetrating trauma
    D. the heart continues its forward motion until it strikes the chest wall
    D. the heart continues its forward motion until it strikes the chest wall
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following is most susceptible to damage from the pressure wave when a bullet enters it?

    A. lungs
    B. femoral artery
    C. intestines
    D. liver
    D. liver
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. You have arrived on the scene of a 17 yom with a GSW to the thigh.  Police are on the scene.  There is significant ongoing hemorrhage from the wound.  The patient is screaming for someone to help him.  Which of the following should you do first?

    A. perform a rapid trama assessment
    B. control hemorrhage with direct pressure
    C. ask the police if they have searched the patient for weapons yet
    D. begin high-concentration oxygen administration
    C. ask the police if they have searched the patient for weapons yet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following is most important when assessing the damage done by a gunshot?

    A. the type of gun used
    B. the distance from the shooter
    C. the size of the bullet
    D. whether there was an upward or a downward trajectory when the bullet was fired
    B. the distance from the shooter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Your patient is a 30 yof with a stab wound to the neck.  She is sitting up and appears very anxious and short of breath.  There is minimal external bleeding noted, but there is bubbling from the wound.  Which of the following should you suspect, based on the MOI and assessment findings?

    A. an injury to the spinal cord at the level of the stab wound
    B. laceration of the ipsilateral carotid artery
    C. laceration of the trachea
    d. all of the above
    C. laceration of the trachea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following injuries is associated with the pressure wave produced by a blast?

    A. fractures
    B. lacerated liver
    C. pneumothorax
    D. ruptured spleen
    C. pneumothorax
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The ends of long bones are known as the _____.

    A. epiphyses
    B. medulla
    C. periosteum
    D. diaphyses
    A. epiphyses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Compact bone is created over the surface of spongy bone by _____.

    A. osteoclasts
    B. osteoprogenitors
    C. osteoblasts
    D. osteons
    C. osteoblasts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. An _____ is a mature bone cell.

    A. osteoprogenitor
    B. osteoclast
    C. osteoblast
    D. osteocyte
    D. osteocyte
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The primary ossification center in long bones is located in the _____.

    A. central canal
    B. epiphyses
    C. articular cartilage
    D. diaphyses
    D. diaphyses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The only muscle that possesses both voluntary and involuntary abilities is the _____.

    A. lung
    B. brain
    C. diaphragm
    D. heart
    C. diaphragm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. _____ is the strong, fibrous connective tissue covering the bone.

    A. diaphysis
    B. endosteum
    C. epiphysis
    D. periosteum
    D. periosteum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which type of muscle will not regenerate once it is severely damaged?

    A. visceral
    B. cardiac
    C. skeletal
    D. smooth
    B. cardiac
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. When the nervous system signals a muscle to contract, _____ ion channels open.

    A. phosphorus
    B. myosin
    C. actin
    D. sodium
    D. sodium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Striated muscles, which appear to have stripes, are in which type of muscle?

    A. smooth
    B. internal
    C. visceral
    D. skeletal
    B. sodium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Myasthenia gravis is a(n) _____ disorder.

    A. myosin
    B. autoimmune
    C. malignant
    D. genetic
    D. genetic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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