M.T. Chapter 13 - Male Reproductive System

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ams217
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246350
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M.T. Chapter 13 - Male Reproductive System
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2013-11-11 17:59:42
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Male Reproductive System
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Male Reproductive System
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  1. fluid containing sperm and secretions from the prostate and other structures of the male reproductive system
    semen / seminal fluid
  2. androgenic hormone responsible for the development of the male sex organs, including the penis, testicles, scrotum, and prostate
    testosterone
  3. male (CF)
    andr/o
  4. hidden (CF)
    crypt/o
  5. the failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum and is usually a congenital disorder
    cryptorchidism
  6. testis / testes (CF)
    • orch/o
    • orchi/o
    • orchid/o
    • test/o
  7. short (prefix)
    brachy-
  8. commonly associated with the aging process; as the prostate gland enlarges, it decreases the urethral lumen, and complete voiding of urine becomes difficult. Urine that remains in the bladder commonly becomes a breeding ground for bacteria; cystitis and ultimately, nephritis may result
    benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
  9. enlargement of breast tissue
    gynecomastia
  10. inability to produce offspring; in the male, inability to fertilize the ovum
    sterility
  11. screening test that assess the rectal wall surface for lesions or evaluates abnormalities of the pelvic area
    digital rectal examination (DRE)
  12. removal of one or both testicles
    orchiectomy
  13. excision of the prostate gland by inserting a special endoscope (resectoscope) through the urethra and into the bladder to remove small pieces of tissue from the prostate gland
    transurethral resection of prostate (TURP)
  14. blood test used to detect prostatic disorders, especially prostate cancer; also called a tumor marker test
    prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
  15. most common malignancy in males in the U.S.
    prostate cancer
  16. sign and symptoms of prostate cancer
    • decreased urinary stream
    • urinary frequency
    • urinary hesitancy
    • dysuria
  17. the higher the Gleason Score...
    the more aggressive the cancer
  18. most common treatment of prostate cancer
    • surgery - radical prostatectomy
    • radiation therapy
    • brachy therapy
    • fiducial markers
  19. most common type of testicular cancer
    seminoma

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