1950's/Cold War KAILEY

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1950's/Cold War KAILEY
2013-11-11 18:17:33

Baby Boom through Norman Mailer
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  1. Baby Boom
    Referring to the population explosion following WW2. After the Great Depression, people had more money to support a family and of course the birth rate skyrocketed when soldiers came home from war (hmmm wonder why) Between 1950 & 1960 the total number of Americans was 179 million. One person was added to the nation every 12 seconds.
  2. Suburban Sprawl
    Referring to the spread of Americans out of big cities and into nearby suburbs, creating traffic jams and the jumble of homes/factories/shopping centers jumbled together in one area during the 1950's.
  3. Megalopolis
    Referring to a very large/heavily populated city or urban complex which began emerging in the 1950's due to suburban sprawl and the population boom
  4. Prosperity
    The prosperity in the 1950's was due to demand for peacetime products (automobiles ((almost 1 million produced during WW2)) and kitchen appliances) new technology such as televisions, radios, etc., government spending not declining, the export of trade backed by govt paid foreign aid, and the construction of highways
  5. Car Impact
    Now with suburbs, Americans needed cars (usually more than one, due to the increase in family size) to take them to the cities, shopping centers, movie theaters, etc. This increased the demand for highway construction, created credit cards (proposed by gasoline companies, then picked up by businesses) new industries also created to produce car accessories - however cars also began to pollute the air w/ harmful chemicals. Cars now ruled the Earth, and people were entirely dependent on them.
  6. Appliances Impact
    Creation of appliances such as radios, hi-fis, kitchen accessories, television sets, washers/dryers, power lawnmowers, etc. kept factories busy and the economy booming b/c of high demand for such appliances.
  7. New Computer Impact
    With computers, we could now monitor patients in hospitals, process checks in banks, handle credit card bills, keep track of library books, created cash registers for supermarkets and retail stores, etc. However, this discovery took away jobs from people that worked on assembly lines/factories, for there were now machines/computers programmed to do their job.
  8. "Annual model"
    Term invented by General Motors that changed the design of their cards every year, which gave people a reason to buy another car that was the newer, stylish design.
  9. John Dewey
    Man who wrote about how children learn by doing and work together - grew up on a farm and experienced learning by doing - now fewer and fewer children live on farms, believe school should take its place. Reform of education.
  10. GI Bill
    Laws proposed to WW2, Korea and Vietnam veterans that offered to pay their way through college or technical training - millions qualified b/c they had already graduated from high school.
  11. Age of Affluence
    1945 - 1960 = goods poured from American factories, wages rose, unemployment and inflation remained low. Followed by "Age of Anxiety" driven by the spread of communism, Red Scare, nuclear weapons, etc.
  12. Sigmund Freud
    A famous Austrian psychoanalyst that inspired the book "Peace of Mind" which featured his discoveries that was written by Rabbi Joshua Loth Lieberman
  13. Norman Vincent Peale
    Protestant minister that wrote "Guide to Confident Living" and "The Power of Positive Thinking" that helped his millions of readers find "the road to inner peace"
  14. Billy Graham
    One of the most persuasive preachers of the 1950's, he preached "evangelical revival" and held meetings that drew thousands to "make decisions for Christ" as well as reached vast audiences over radio and television.
  15. Jackson Pollack
    Artists who invented his own type of abstract expression painting called "action painting in which he placed a large canvas on the floor and painted with sticks, knives, etc. and dripped paint fluid mixed with broken glass/sand/etc. onto the canvas
  16. Andy Warhol
    Abstract artist that created "pop art" of everyday pop culture items, such as paintings of Campbell soup cans
  17. Elvis Presley
    First popular star of Rock 'n' Roll that burst forth in the 1950's and inspired many musicians such as the Beatles
  18. JD Salinger
    Wrote the popular novel "Catcher in the Rye" about an adolescent trying to escape hypocrisy/
  19. Ralph Ellison
    Author of "Invisible Man" in which the black protagonist gradually realized that he was powerless and the world was our of his reach. The black man in a white world was a symbol of everyone's experience in the industrial age.
  20. Joseph Heller
    Author of Catch-22, which became a name for all no-win situations in modern America. About wartime red tape.
  21. William Faulkner
    Won the Nobel prize for literature in 1950, wrote "The Hamlet", "The Town", and "The Mansion." He wrote about how the South/America lost its farming ideals.
  22. Norman Mailer
    Author of "The Naked and the Dead" an action novel about WW2. Also wrote a journalism report on the anti Vietnam march on Washington called "Armies of the Night"