PH146 Test 2

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PH146 Test 2
2013-11-12 01:22:06
ph health promotion

blagh 789
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  1. Kinzie's "Events of Instruction" modification
    • 1) Gain attention
    • 2) Present stimulus material
    • 3) Provide guidanceĀ 
    • 4) Elicit performance and provide feedback
    • 5) Enhance retention and transfer
  2. dose
    number of program units delivered; how many times offered
  3. multiplicity
    number of components or activities.
  4. Often used constructs of SCT
    behavior capability, expectations, expectancies, self-control/self-regulation, self-efficacy, emotional-control responses, reciprocal determinism, locus of control
  5. Behavior capability
    individuals knowing what the behaviors they must perform are and how to perform them
  6. Self reinforcement
    Reinforce/reward themselves
  7. Vicarious reinforcement
    having participants observe something else being reinforced for behaving in an appropriate manner (observational learning/social modeling)
  8. Direct reinforcement
    Group facilitator who provides verbal feedback
  9. Transtheoretical - stages of change
    • 1) precontemplation: people don't intend to change behaviors
    • 2) contemplation: people intend to change behavior in the next 6 months
    • 3) preparation: take action within the next month, have taken some significant step
    • 4) action stage: made overt changes to overcome problemsĀ 
    • 5) maintenance: working to prevent relapse, at least six months
    • 6) termination: individuals have zero temptation to return to their old behavior; 100% self-efficacy
  10. Transtheoretical Model - 5 assumptions
    • 1) no single theory can account for all complexities of behavior change
    • 2) behavior change is a process that unfolds over time through a sequence of stages
    • 3) stages are both stable and open to change
    • 4) majority of at-risk will not be prepared for action, and will not be served by traditional programs
    • 5) specific processes and principles of change should be emphasized at specific stages to maximize efficacy
  11. Transtheoretical Model - 5 constructs
    • 1) stages of change
    • 2) decisional balance
    • 3) self-efficacy
    • 4) processes of change
    • 5) temptation
  12. Health Belief Model - constructs
    1) cues to action 2) perceived susceptibility 3) perceived seriousness/severity 4) perceived barriers 5) perceived benefits 6) likelihood of taking recommended action
  13. Health Belief Model - 3 classes of factors
    • 1) existence of sufficient motivation to make issues relevant
    • 2) belief that one is susceptible (perceived threat)
    • 3) belief that benefits are worth cost (perceived barriers)
  14. TRA
    Theory of Reasoned Action - individuals intentions are functions of attitudes towards behavior and their subjective norms associated with behaviors
  15. Punishment
    Decrease in behavior
  16. Reinforcement
    Increase in behavior
  17. Behavior Change Theories
    change process theory; how change takes place
  18. Planning models
    theories/models of implementation; theories & models used for planning implementing and evaluating health promotion programs
  19. Theories can help:
    identify why people are not behaving in healthy ways, information needed for developing an intervention, providing framework for selecting constructs, providing direction/justification, insights how to best deliver intervention, identify what needs to be measured to evaluate the impact
  20. Variable
    can be measured, practical use of a construct/operational form of construct
  21. Construct
    perceived barrier; concept adopted for use with specific theory
  22. Concept
    personal belief; building blocks of theory
  23. social action
    both task and process oriented: achieving change to redress imbalances in power
  24. social planning
    task oriented, focused on problem solving usually by outside expert
  25. locality development
    seeks community change through broad self-help participation from the local community; builds a sense of community
  26. Three categories of community organization
    Locality development, social planning, social action
  27. Model
    Health belief model; represents process; mixture of theories used together