chapter 6 anthropometry
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what are anthropometrics?
comparative study of sizes and proportions of the human body
what is the book definition of anthropometrics?
the measurement of body size,weight, and proportions
purpose of anthropomtric measurements (4)
-ID of groups at risk of morbidity and mortality
-tool for individual monitoring and intervention
-useful in a clinical setting to estimate body compositiion
advantages of anthopometrics (4)
-high specificity and sesitivyt
-measure many variables of nutritional significance
-readings are reproducible
-non-expensive and need minimal training
Limitations of anthropometrics (5)
-inter-observers errors in measurement
-limited Nut DIAG.
-problems with reference stndards
-no such thing as average person
-arbitrary values for cut off levels
How are anthropometric measurements used for children?
-used to evaluate the physical growth of the child
- ***this can help to project their growth on a chart
- and calcuate growth velocity
2 ways to determine the length
clinical factors that may influence the interpretation of weight status and change (5)
-reasons for poor intake
-reasons for increased estimated energy expenditure
-reasons for loss of nutrients
anthropometric measurements that porvide an index to risk of some chronic diseases (3)
-Waist to hip ratio
purpose of triceps skin fold (TSF), MAC, MAMC? (2)
- -used to estimate subcutaneous fat
- *body fat
-estimate skeletal muscle mass
3 teachniques to measure body fat percentage?
-under water weighing
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