Card Set Information
Define the word aerobic.
Why is oxygen necessary during an aerobic activity
to burn fuels which produce energy for prolonged activity
What does excersing aerobically do physiologically for the body?
increase the efficiencey of the heart, lungs, and circulation system.
Why is it important to have a healthy heart?
ability to supply plemnty of oxygen and nutrients to the working muscles during normal activity
Define aerobic activities.
rhythmical, continous, and involves large muscle groups
Give 3 example of an aerobic activity
Define muscular strength.
the amount of force a muscle can exert for a brief period of time.
Muscular stregthening exercises play a key part in preventing what two things?
prevents decrease in metabolism
loose strength if a muscle is stressed accustomed to.
What causes atrophy?
if the muscle is stressed less than it is, like broken limbs.
Define muscular endurance.
the ability of muscloes to sustain repeated contractions against a fixed object
Give an example of muscular endurance.
picking up a heavybox then picking up 10 in a row
What activities require prolonged muscular exertion?
sit-ups, push-ups, raking leaves, shoveling snow, and pushing a lawn mower.
Which muscular groups need extra strengthening?
hamstrings, abs, lower back
What is muscular balance?
balance between quads and hamstrings
What is functional strength?
exercise that helps you for real life activities.
Which muscles are included in your core muscles?
abdominal muscles, back muscles, and smaller muscles.
the range of motion possible around a joint
What should be the goal of a stretching program?
maintain maximal function
When is it best to preform your stretching program?
after an aerobic or muscular workout
Why is the Hurdler's position dangerous?
puts the knee in a position of misalignment which can cause injury to tendons and ligaments
What does your body weight include?
muscles, bones, organs, body fuild, and body fat.
What does lean body mass mean?
when the fat is removed
Having too much "adipose tissue"(fat) has been associatied with what health risks?
heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, arthritis, gall bladder disease, and sleep disorders
What is a better indicator of your fittness?
percentageof body fat
What affect does long term exercise have on body fat and body weight?
decreases body fat and does not always have an immediate effect on body weight
Women are considered to be obese at a body fat of___?
32 % or higher
Men are considered to be obese at a body fat of _____?
25% or higher
Women are considered to be fit __ to ___% body fat and men at ___ to ___%?
women 21 to 24%
men 14 to 17%
Name the four common ways of determining body fat.
skin fold measurement
Name five other required ingredients needed for Optimal Fitness.
get enough sleep
nuture your spiritual life
manage chronic stress