Bio 130 chpt 8

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  1. what is it called when two bones interconnect
  2. what are bones that are relatively inflexible so necessary to allow movement
  3. what reflects compromise between need for strength versus need for mobility
  4. what anatomical structure of each joint determines type and amount of movement possible
  5. what are the three functional categories of joints
    synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, diarthrosis
  6. what functional caterory has no movement
  7. what functional category has little movement
  8. what functional group is free movement
  9. what joints are relatively simple structure and direct connection between bones
    synarthrotic and amphiarthrotic
  10. what joints are complex in structure and permit greatest range of motion
  11. what component of the synovial joint resembles hyaline cartilage
    articular cartilage
  12. what component of synovial joints have no perichodrium, slick and smooth, reduce friction, and separated by thin film of synovial fluid
    articular cartilage
  13. what component of joints are similar in composition to ground substance in loose connective tissue
    synovial fluid
  14. what component of joints is produced at the synovial membrane
    synovial fluid
  15. what component of joints circulate from areolar tissue to joint cavity
    synovial fluid
  16. what component of joints percolates through articular cartilage
    synovial fluid
  17. what are the three component of synovial joints
    articular cartilage, synovial fluid, joint capsule
  18. what component of the synovial joint is dense and fibrous
    joint capsule
  19. what component of the synovial joint may be reinenforced with accessory structures,continuous with periosteum of each bone
    joint capsule
  20. what are the functions od synovial fluid
    lubrication, nutrient distribution, shock absorption
  21. what function of sf with articular cartilage compression, sf is squeezed out and reduced friction between moving surfaces
  22. what function of sf provides nurtrients and oxygen, as well as waste disposal for the chondrocytes of articular cartilage
    nutrient distribution
  23. what function of sf distributes compression forces across articular surfaces and outward joint capsule
    shock absorption
  24. what of the synovial joints provide support and additional stability, not all are included in every joint, and most are seen in the knee
    accessory structures
  25. where are the accessory structure in the knee
    tendons of quadriceps
  26. what accessory structure in the knee  is a small pocket filled with synovial fluid and forms in connective tissue
  27. what accessory structure in the knee often form in areas where tendon or ligament rubs against other tissues
  28. what accessory structure in the knee reduces friction and act as shock absorbers
  29. what accessory structure in the knee are adipose tissue covered by synovial membrane
    fat pad
  30. what accessory structure in the knee protects articular cartilage
    fat pads
  31. what accessory structure in the knee acts as packaging material for joint
    fat pads
  32. what accessory structure in the knee is a pad of fibrous cartilage between bones of synovial joint
  33. what accessory structure in the knee is known as a crescent
  34. what accessory structure in the knee may subdivide joint cavity and affect fluid flow or allow variation in shape of articular aurfaces
  35. what accessory structure in the knee support, strengthen, and reinforce joints
    accessory ligaments
  36. what accessory ligament localizes thickening of joint capsule
    intrinsic ligaments
  37. what accessory ligament is cruciate ligaments of knee
    intrinsic ligaments
  38. what accessory ligament separates from joint capsule
    extrinsic ligaments
  39. what accessory ligament may pass inside or outside the joint capsule
    extrinsic ligaments
  40. what accessory ligament is the movement beyond normal range of motion
  41. what accessory ligament has articulating surfaces forced out of position
  42. what accessory structure can damage joint structures
  43. what accessory structure has no pain form inside joint but nerves or surrounding structures
Card Set:
Bio 130 chpt 8
2013-11-12 22:10:19

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