Psych/pharmacology Exam #3

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Racer_X
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246408
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Psych/pharmacology Exam #3
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2013-11-13 13:13:05
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pharmacology Exam
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Aods phys.-pharmacology 155
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  1. A(n) _________ is a mistaken perception of an external stimulus?

    eg.  A rope being mistaken for snake.

    A.  Delusion
    B.  Illusion
    C.  Hallucination
    B.  Illusion.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. A(n) __________ is a mistaken idea or belief that is not swayed by reason or other contradictory evidence.

    eg.  someone who thinks he can fly or thinks he has become deformed or ugly.

    A.  Delusion
    B. Illusion
    C.  Hallucination
    A.  Delusion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. A(n) __________ is a sensory experience that doesn't come from external stimuli.

    eg. such as seeing a creature or hearing a sound that does not exist.

    A.  Illusion
    B.  Hallucination
    C.  Delusion
    B.  Hallucination
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. __________ is an effect of hallucinogens that converts one sensory input into another.

    eg.  Colors are heard and sounds are seen.

    A.  Synesthesia
    B.  Synthesis
    C.  Synergism
    A.  Synesthesia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. True or False
    According to the text, there are very few plants that have psychedelic or psycoactive properties.
    False
  6. True or False
    There are more than 4,000 plants that are known to have psychedelic or psychoactive properties.
    True
  7. True or False
    All-arounders cause the user to experience Illusions, Delusions, and sometimes, Hallucinations.
    True
  8. True or False
    All-arounders cause an overloading of the sensory pathways making the user acutely aware of sensations?
    True
  9. True or False
    All-arounders intensify ones ability to reason so that sensation takes on less importance.

    * They have the most effect on the sensory pathways.
    False
  10. True or False
    Tolerance to MDMA's mental effects developes rapidly.

    *serotonin gets depleted
    True
  11. True or False
    MDMA can be swallowed, snorted and injected.
    True
  12. True or False
    MDMA is a schedule I drug, therefore an illegal drug with no medical use.
    True
  13. True or False
    MDMA is a recreational drug and has never been used therapeutically.
    False
  14. Which all-arounder does Cliff in our class preffer?

    A.  PCP
    B.  MDA
    C.  LSD
    C.  LSD
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. True or False
    In high doses, the spice "nutmeg" can cause psychedelic affects?
    True
  16. True or False
    In high doses, Salvia divinorum can cause psychedelic affects?
    True
  17. True or False
    In high doses, cough suppressants with DXM can cause psychedelic affects?
    True
  18. True or False
    In high doses, the common dandelion can cause psychedelic affects?
    False
  19. What does the term Sinsemilla refer to?
    A growing technique of separating the male and female plants before pollination.

    *use female plants w/out pollen: increased potency.
  20. True or False
    LSD and most other psychedelics stimulate the sympathetic nervous system?
    True
  21. True or False
    LSD and most other psychedelics stimulate the parasympathetic nervous system?
    False
  22. True or False
    LSD and most other psychedelics inhibit the sympathetic nervous system?
    False
  23. True or False
    LSD and most other psychedelics inhibit brain stem activity?
    False
  24. LSD is a semi-synthetic form of what?
    A Fungus
  25. According to the text, expectations and settings play a big role in the type of experience an individual has with a psychedelic substance.
    because of which of the following?

    A.  An individual's experience with the drug.
    B.  The basic emotional make-up of the user.
    C.  The mood and mental state at the time of use.
    D.  A preexisting mental illness.
    E.  All of the above.
    E.  All the above.
  26. Which neurotransmitter is most affected by all-arounders?
    Serotonin
  27. Which substance most affects anandamide?
    Cannabis
  28. LSD causes which of the following?

    A.  Reduced sensery stimulation
    B.  Slowed heart rate, reduced blood pressure and temperature.
    C.  Increased heart rate, increased blood pressure and temperature.
    C.  Increased heart rate, increased blood pressure and temperature.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. According to the text, LSD is similar in structure to serotonin and causes what to happen to the serotonin receptor sites?
    "Down-regulation"
  30. What is HPPD?
    Hallucinogen persisting  perceptual disorder
  31. Ecstasy is known to cause which of the following?

    A.  Empathy for others
    B.  Happiness, clarity, peace and pleassure
    C.  Seizure activity, stroke, heart rhythm problems and coma.
    D.  All of the above
    D.  All of the above.
  32. True or False
    PCP is only used in a tablet or capsule form.
    False
  33. True or False
    PCP can be smoked, snorted, swallowed or injected.
    True
  34. True or False
    Ketamine is a general anesthetic used for animals and humans.
    True
  35. True or False
    Ketamine was the most commonly used anesthetic in the Vietnam war.
    True
  36. True or False
    Ketamine crystals are usually smoked or ground up and snorted.
    True
  37. True or False
    According to the text and NIDA, People do not become physically  dependent on cannabis.
    False
  38. True or False
    According to the text and NIDA, there are no known withdrawals symptoms for cannabis.
    False
  39. True or False
    According to the text and NIDA, cannabis has been shown to cause lung cancer.
    False
  40. True or False
    According to the text and NIDA, cannabis has been known to cause psychedelic effects.
    True
  41. What is the active ingredients in psychedelic mushrooms?
    Psilocybin or psilocyn
  42. True or False
    Many psychedelics plants are used for religious ceremonies?
    True
  43. True or False
    The potential danger is that sometimes counterfeit "magic mushrooms" are often regular mushrooms treated with LSD or PCP.
    True
  44. Mescaline is the active ingredient in ________?
    Peyote cactus
  45. True or False
    Smoking cannabis can cause acute and chronic Bronchitis.
    True
  46. True or False
    THC causes a "down-regulation" of anandamide receptors.
    True
  47. True or False
    Because there are so few anandamide receptors in the brain stem, it is difficult to overdose on Marijuana.
    True
  48. True or False
    THC causes an "up-regulation" of anandamide receptors.
    False
  49. Which of the following is the best definition of an inhalant.

    A.  Inhalants are substances that are ground into crystals or powder and smoked.
    B.  Inhalants are substances that can be vaporized, misted or gas that can be inhaled.
    C.  Inhalants are versatile substances that can be administered by inhalation, taken orally, injected or by...
    D.  Inhalants are substances like cocaine, that are sniffed into the nose and absorbed by the mucous membranes.
    B.  Inhalants are substances that can be vaporized, misted or a gas that can be inhaled.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. True or False
    Inhalants are cheaper and readily available.
    True
  51. True or False
    The high from inhalants comes and goes quickly.
    True
  52. True or Flase
    Inhalants temporarily elevate mood and reduce inhibitions.
    True
  53. What is a common sign of inhalant abuse?
    Chemical odor.
  54. According to the text, inhalant abuse is a very modern form of substance abuse.
    False
  55. True or False
    Inhalants are slow acting?
    False
  56. True or False
    Physical dependence of inhalants is just as common as physical dependence as other substances.
    • False
    • Not as common
  57. True or False
    Nitrous oxide use can cause hallucinations.
    True
  58. Which of the following are true?

    A.  There are no known withdrawal symptoms from steroid use.
    B.  Heavy steroid use does not cause any change to physical appearance.
    C.  Long term steroid use by men causes  masculinizing effects.
    D.  Long term steroid use by men causes  feminizing effects.
    • A. False
    • B. False
    • C. False
    • D. True - Long term steroid use by men causes  feminizing effects.
  59. Which of the following are true regarding impulse control disorder?

    A. The goal is to reduce anxiety or distress caused by obsessive thoughts.
    B.  Compulsions are thoughts you can't get out of your head.
    C.  There is a sense of tension or arousal committing the act; gratification followed by guilt.
    D.  Unlike substance abuse, people do not engage in compulsive behaviors to change the way they feel.
    • A. False
    • B. Flase (they are behaviors)
    • C. True
    • D. False
  60. True or False
    According to the text, because psychedelics are so potent, they cause diminished sensations in perceptions.
    False
  61. True or False
    Few problems arise with the use of psychedelic substances because they are known and are carefully measured quantities.
    False
  62. True or False
    LSD was used by the CIA as a "truth drug" and by therapists to help clients gain insight.
    True
  63. True or False
    It is known that PCP causes bad or bummed trips, not LSD.
    False
  64. True or False
    There are many documented deaths associated with cannabis overdose.
    False
  65. True or False
    Ecstasy can be swallowed, snorted or injected.
    True
  66. True or False
    MDMA is a methamphetamine compound.
    True
  67. True or False
    Ecstasy forces the release of serotonin from the synaptic vesicles, but has little to no affect on post synaptic membranes.
    False
  68. True or False
    Dextromethorphan DM or DXM is found in antihistamines such as benadryl and Vick's.
    False (it's in cough suppressants)

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