ES 116 Midterm 2

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kl6847
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246435
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ES 116 Midterm 2
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2013-11-12 22:05:04
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UCSB ES 116
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midterm 2
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  1. In Ecological Design by Sim Van der Ryn and Stuart Cowan they say that:

    "If we are to crate a sustainable world-one in which we are accountable to the needs of all future generations and all living creatures-we must recognize that our present forms of _____, ______, _______, and ______ are deeply flawed.
    • agriculture
    • architecture
    • engineering
    • technology
  2. In Ecological Design by Sim Van der Ryn and Stuart Cowan they say: 

    To create a sustainable world, we must infuse the design of ______, ______, and _______ with a rich and detailed understanding of ecology.
    • products
    • buildings
    • landscapes
  3. In Ecological Design by Sim Van der Ryn and Stuart Cowan they say: 

    We must address specific design problems. They can be solved only if ...
    • People of different expertise work together. 
    • Ex: Sanitation engineers talk to wetland biologists
  4. In Ecological Design by Sim Van der Ryn and Stuart Cowan they say that:

    Design problems like these bridge ______ ______ and _____ disciplines
    • Conventional scientific 
    • design
  5. In Ecological Design by Sim Van der Ryn and Stuart Cowan they say that:

    Ecological design is...
    "any form of design that minimizes environmentally destructive impacts by integrating itself with living processes."
  6. In Ecological Design by Sim Van der Ryn and Stuart Cowan they say that:

    The environmental educator David W. Orr defines two approaches to sustainability. 


    What are they?
    • Technological sustainability
    • Ecological sustainability
  7. What is technological sustainability according to Orr?
    Expert interventions in which the planet's medical symptoms are carefully stabilized through high-profile international agreements and sophisticated management techniques.
  8. What is echological sustainability according to Orr?
    Finding alternatives to the practices that got us into trouble in the first place; it is necessary to rethink agriculture, shelter, energy use, urban design, transportation, economics, community patterns, resource use, forestry, the importance of wilderness, and our central values."
  9. In "Our Common Future" sustainability is to be attained by a highly technical approach based on more & better management and technology. 

    Technological sustainability looks to experts to fine-tune the global interface between people & the biosphere. It neglects details of culture/community while having a naive optimism concerning our ability to manage planetary systems.
  10. In "Our Common Future" sustainability is to be attained by a highly technical approach based on more & better management and technology. 

    Technological sustainability looks to experts to fine-tune the global interface between people & the biosphere. It neglects details of culture/community while having a naive optimism concerning our ability to manage planetary systems.
  11. Ecological sustainability requires limits to technology, material wants, stress placed on the biosphere, and limits to hubris (arrogance).
  12. 4 of David W. Orr's characteristics of ecological sustainability:
    • 1. People are finite and fallible
    •    (Thinking too big can make our human  limitations a liability rather than an asset)

    • 2. A sustainable world can be redesigned &   rebuilt only from the bottom up
    • Locally self-reliant/organized communities are the building blocks for change

    • 3. Traditional knowledge that co-evolves out of culture and place is a critical asset
    • It needs to be preserved, restored, & used

    • 4. The true harvest of evolution is encoded in nature's design
    • Nature's more than a bank of resources to draw on: it is the best model we have for all the design problems we face
  13. Sean Wellesley-Miller "Towards a Symbiotic Architecture" 

    Define "design"
    • The intentional shaping of matter, energy, and process to meet a perceived need or desire. 
    • Design connects culture and nature through exchanges of materials, flows of energy, and choices of land use
  14. Define epistemology
    A filter that determines what counts as knowledge
  15. Dumb design:
    Design that fails to consider the health of human communities or of ecosystems, let alone the prerequisites of creating an actual place

    Wasteful of energy/resources. Polluting/dangerous
  16. In "Steps to an Ecology of Mind" 

    What is ecological unconsciousness?
    The deep, unacknowledged pain we feel for the ecological destruction all around us
  17. In "An Introduction to Ecological Design" what are the two interpenetrating worlds? 

    What condition threatens both worlds?
    • The living world
    • The world of roads and cities

    Unsustainability
  18. Bringing Design to Life

    Define "ecological design"
    Any form of design that minimizes environmentally destructive impacts by integrating itself with living processes

    The effective adaptation to and integration with nature's presses.
  19. Ecological design offers 3 critical strategies for addressing the loss of natural capital (forests, ames, wetlands etc...)

    What are they?
    • Conservation
    • Regeneration
    • Stewardship
  20. In "Bringing Design to Life"
    What are  examples of conservation measures?
    • recycling materials
    • building denser communities (preserve land)
    • adding insulation
    • designing fuel-efficient cars
  21. Why can't conservation alone lead to sustainability?
    It still implies an annual natural resource deficit
  22. In "Bringing Design to Life" 
    What is regeneration?
    • An expansion of natural capital through the active restoration of degraded bodies the riches possibilities of culture to harmonize with nature. 
    • (Ex: restoring eroded stream to biological productivity)
  23. In "Bringing Design to Life" 
    What is stewardship?
    A particular quality of care in our relations with other living creatures and with the landscape

    Stewardship maintains natural capital by spending frugally & investing wisely
  24. In "Bringing Design to Life" 

    Conservation involves spending natural capital more _____, & regeneration is the expansion of natural _______, then stewardship is the wisdom to live on renewable _______ rather than eating into natural capital.
    • slowly
    • capital
    • interest
  25. ______ and ______ are the key sciences in rethinking the design of habitat
    • Biology
    • Ecology
  26. In "CPR for the Earth" What does David Brower say is the most important challenge?
    We must restore the natural world to something like it was 200 years ago and we must redesign our cities at the same time

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