Last test

Card Set Information

Author:
darrell2662
ID:
246437
Filename:
Last test
Updated:
2013-11-14 14:51:42
Tags:
last test
Folders:

Description:
last test
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user darrell2662 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What newborns are at risk for mecronium aspiration?
    Post term
  2. Waveform in capnography monotoring
    • Baseline, no CO2 being exhaled
    • Rapid rise in CO2, early exhalation – clearing dead space
    • Alveolar Plateau: Alveolar gas exchange
  3. What causes an increase in ETCO2
    • Hypoventilation
    • Respiratory depressant drugs
    • Increased metabolism
  4. Know about favorable prognostics factors for drowning
    • Age: the younger the better
    • Sumersion time: The shorter the better
    • Water Temp: The colder the better
    • Water quality: the cleaner the better
    • Amount of struggle: the less the better
    • CPR quality:
    • Sucidicidal intent
  5. Causes of high methemeglobin
    • normal: 1-2%
    • Nitroglycerin ingestion
    • Teething gels
    • benzocaine
    • Ingestion of well water containing nitratesĀ 
    • cyanosis appears at 15%
    • Brown rusty black blood
  6. What does P50 indicate
    • Expresses the affinity of O2 for hemoglobin
    • Partial pressure of O2 necessary to achieve 50% saturation
    • Normal: 27 for women and 25 for men
  7. Fetal hemoglobin and P50
    • Allows infant to attract O2 from maternal HbA
    • Normal: 20
  8. Calibration of capnograph
    2 point calibration: air and 5% CO2
  9. Patients who would benifit from indirect calimetry
    • Headd trauma
    • COPD
    • Eating disorders
    • Obese
    • Transplant recipients
  10. Respiratory depression
    • RR < 10/minĀ 
    • Very shallow breathingĀ 
    • Patient is unarousable or difficult to arouse
    • RASS: grater than negative 3
  11. Why is Capnography is better at detecting respiratory depression than pulse OX?
    Capnography is a direst measurement of ventilation and pulse ox lags behing with apnea
  12. Patient prep prior to indirect calimetry
    • Patient should be supine 20-30 minutes before, awake and alert but resting
    • Fast 2-4 hours after midnight
    • test time should be free of intruptions
    • Neutral thermal enviroment
  13. Acute epiglottitis
    • Sudden onset of sickness
    • Age 3 to 10
    • Drooling, quite cough
    • Unable to swallow
    • eyes are big
    • Elevated body temp
    • supraglottic inflammation
  14. Croup
    • History of cold in past few days
    • Barking cough
    • Age 5 months to 3 years
    • Stridor at rest
    • Subglottic swelling
  15. meconium aspiration
    • History of meconium-colored amnotic fluid
    • Full term
    • meconium staning about the body
    • Distress
    • Atelectasis
    • mobilize secretions
  16. Smoke Inhalation
    • Cherry red color of face
    • Patient is often confused or unresponsive
    • Stridor
    • Wheezing, ronchi, rales
    • ABG intially decresed PaCO2, normal PaO2
    • ABG later may develop into respiratory distress
    • Decreased lung compliance
    • COHB greater than 20%
    • Keep treating until COHB is below 10%
  17. The different RQ quotients obtained from various sunstrates
    • High fats: 0.71
    • High carb: 1.0
    • Protein:0.82
  18. Patient populations that could benefit from bioimpeadance cardiography?
    • Renal
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  19. Alternative methods to measure preoload responsivness
    • leg lift
    • changes in CVP

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview