Quiz 2.8

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Ritameeker
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246524
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Quiz 2.8
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2013-11-12 12:02:16
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Infectious diseases Ear Eye Immune
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Quiz 2.8
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  1. A chronic disease of the inner ear marked by a recurring syndrome of vertigo, tinnitus, and progressive hearing loss is called _____.

    A. cholesteatoma
    B. otosclerosis
    C. mastoiditis
    D. Meniere's disease
    D. Meniere's disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. An inflammation of the thin, transparent membrane covering the visible portion of the sclera and lining of the inside of the eyelids results in _____.

    A. conrnea abrasion
    B. lens distortion
    C. choroiditis
    D. conjunctivitis
    D. conjunctivitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The _____ of the eye works similarly to the shutter of a camera.

    A. cornea
    B. eyelid
    C. lens
    D. iris
    D. iris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to what?

    A. presbyopia
    B. hyperopia
    C. myopia
    D. blindness
    D. blindness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which of the following structures in the inner ear is the organ of hearing?

    A. vestibule
    B. semicircular canal
    C. cochlea
    D. bony labyrinth
    C. cochlea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. A feeling of dizziness of whirling in space is called _____.

    a. purulence
    b. vertigo
    c eczema
    d. tinnitus
    b. vertigo
  7. Ringing in the ears is also known as _____.

    A. vertigo
    B. purulence
    C. tinnitus
    D. eczema
    C. tinnitus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following is NOT a known transmission route for hepatitis B?

    A. tattooing
    B. blood transfusion
    C. dialysis
    D. insect bites
    D. insect bites
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Your patient was bitten on the hand by a wild raccoon he tried to capture.  Which of the following is the best management for this patient?

    A. wash the wound with soap and running water
    B. clean the area with an isopropyl alcohol pad
    C. irrigate the wound with sterile saline, dry the area around the wound, and apply a thin layer of antibiotic ointment
    D. clean the area with a povidone-iodine swab
    A. wash the wound with soap and running water
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. A memory or specific response is considered a (an) _____ response.

    A. inflammatory
    B. cell-mediated
    C. immune
    D. humoral
    D. humoral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Your patient is a 23 yom prisoner who is alert and oriented, complaining of general malaise.  He describes a month-long hx of weakness, joint pain, nausea and occasional vomiting, and anorexia.  He has no medical hx and takes no medications.  Physical exam reveals clear lung sounds bilaterally; warm, dry skin; several prison tattoos; a firm liver; and jaundice to the sclera.  Which of the following is most likely?

    A. fatty liver
    B. HIV
    C. cirrhosis of the liver
    D. Hepatitis B
    D. Hepatitis B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which hepatitis often presents with hepatitis D?

    A. D
    B. B
    C. A
    D. C
    B. B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following statements about Streptococcus pneumonia is TRUE?

    A. it is the most common cause of pneumonia in adults
    B. vaccines are ineffective against it
    C. it is the leading cause of meningitis in children
    D. it is an infrequent cause of otitis media in children
    B. vaccines are ineffective against it
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Mushrooms are yeasts are examples of:

    A. parasites
    B. helminthes
    C. fungi
    D. protozoa
    C. fungi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Your patient is a 19 yof college student complaining of a low-grade fever, extremely sore throat, tenderness of the cervical lymph nodes, and extreme fatigue.  Exam reveals warm, moist, flushed skin.  HR is 88, RR is 12, and BP is 118/78.  There is tenderness to palpation of the left upper quadrant of the abdomen.  Which of the following is most likely?

    A. fifth disease
    B. mononucleosis
    C. bacterial meningitis
    D. hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
    B. mononucleosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. A life-threatening medical condition that is caused by systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is:

    A. pernicious anemia
    B. thrombocytopenia
    C. septicemia
    D. hypoglycemia
    C. septicemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Epidemiology is best described as the study of:

    A. the body's immunity to infectious disease
    B. vaccines and disease treatments
    C. the patterns of disease in communities
    D. the pathophysiology of infectious disease
    C. the patterns of disease in communities
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Your patient is a 64 yom who is in a rehabilitation facility.  He is five days postoperative for repair of a hip fx.  He is complaining of SOB, which has been progressing for the past 2 days.  He has a fever and a cough productive of purulent sputum.  Physical exam reveals hot, moist skin and bilateral lower lobe rhonchi.  HR is 122, BP is 126/88, RR is 28, Sa02 is 92%.  Which of the following is most appropriate?

    A. 02 via NRB, IV of NS
    B. 02 via NRB, BLS transport
    C. Albuterol nebulized with oxygen, IV of NS
    D. 02 via NRB, IV of NS, 40 mg furosemide
    A. 02 via NRB, IV of NS
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following agencies is the primary agency responsible for establishing guidelines and standards to regulate health care worker safety as it relates to communicable disease transmission?

    A. FEMA
    B. OSHA
    C. CDC
    D. NFPA
    B. OSHA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. A paramedic within your service was treating an IV drug addict when the patient spit at her, hitting her in the eye.  At the hospital, when asked for blood, the patient refused to consent for testing.  In this case, which of the following is TRUE?

    A. a judge will issue a court order requiring the patient to allow his blood to be tested
    B. it is within the patient's right to refuse blood testing
    C. the patient can be placed under detention and be required to give a blood sample
    D. by law the patient is required to submit blood for testing
    B. it is within the patient's right to refuse blood testing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following measures is most important in protecting EMS providers from infectious disease?

    A. hand washing after all patient contact
    B. thorough disinfection of the ambulance after every call
    C. glove use for all patient contact
    D. tuberculosis vaccination
    A. hand washing after all patient contact
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. For which of the following diseases is there no vaccine?

    A. mumps
    B. croup
    C. rubella
    D. measles
    B. croup
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. HIV attacks and destroys the:

    A. B lymphocytes
    B. macrophages
    C. pluripotent stem cells
    D. T lymphocytes
    D. T lymphocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of the following organisms causes mononucleosis?

    A. Herpes zoster
    B. Treponema
    C. Epstein-Barr virus
    D. Pediculus humanus capitus
    A. Herpes zoster
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. All the following are common signs or symptoms of lice infestation EXCEPT:

    A. Itching
    B. White, oval-shaped nits on the hair shafts
    C. Red macules or papules on the affected areas
    D. Open lesions in the affected areas
    D. Open lesions in the affected areas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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