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What were Bix's three
- with Hoagy Carmichael (a group at Indiana University)
- Trumbauer (Tram)
- 3. Paul Whiteman (Very Commercial
What did Bix want to be remembered as?
He wanted to be remembered as a composer.
What were the pieces of Duke Ellington that we studied?
East St. Louis Toodle-Ooh, Concerto for Cootie, Blue Serge
What are two identifying characteristics, or
important facts about Concerto for Cootie
What was Duke's first band?
Where was his first important engagement?
Washingtonians” and the Cotton club
What did the critics call Duke's music? Why?
•Critics said “Jungle Sounds” •“Bubber” Miley
What does the golden section (or golden mean) have to do
with proportion in music?
How do composers use
- •Based on the Fibonacci (1202) series
- •Divide the larger number into the smaller
- number = The Golden Mean
- to balance the composition
Who played with Benny Goodman in his quartet?
Why was this group important?
- Lionel Hampton, Gene Krupa, Teddy Wilson, and Benny Goodman
- •First racially mixed band.
- •Popularized swing, he became a pop icon.
List three reasons why Thelonius Monk is
important, Name one of his pieces that we studied.
- 1. His work seriously challenged improvisers
- 2. His music transcends a stylistic category
- 3. Able to sounds as if he “bends” notes
Straight, No Chaser
– bass - Used bowed bass style, bass bebop
trumpet - worked with Charlie Parker, afro-Cuban influences.
piano - mixed meters
Modern Jazz Quintet, conservative, quiet dignified elegance
- trumpet Pianoless Quartet. Main Focus was on Counter Point. Collective Improvisation…everyone
- solos at same time
sax - sax player, early, most influential sax player, light and airy sound
- piano - Kansas City swing style, capitalized on Brass
- vs. reeds, first great rhythm section, riff based compositions, disappearance
- of stride, Lester Young influence.
- percussion (drums) (Dizzy)