Osmosis/Diffusion/Photosynthesis/Cell transport and cellular respiration

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  1. active transport
    • requires energy
    • uses ATP
    • goes from Low-> High concentration
  2. Types of transports
    (2)

    what are they doing?
    • 1. Endocytosis-going in
    • 2. Extocytosis- going out
  3. Processes of Transports (only for endocytosis)
    (2)
    and what are they doing?
    • 1. Phagocytosis- Solids go in
    • 2. Pinocytosis- liquids go in
  4. Passive transport:
    • requires NO energy
    • Goes from High -> Low Concentration
  5. Facilitated Diffusion and Simple diffusion
    Facilitated: Proteins help move larger molecules like glucose across the membrane

    Simple Diffusion: Just the movement of molecules across the membrane
  6. 3 types of solutions and their meanings:
    • hypotonic: more water concentration on the inside
    • Hypertonic: more Solute concentration on the inside
    • Isotonic: Equal concentration of solvent and solute on the inside and outside
  7. Image Upload
    What are the orange parts?
    the purple?
    the Green?
    and the purple stick sticking gout of the green?
    • lipid bilayers
    • Protein channel
    • Protein
    • Carbohydrate chain
  8. If a concentration is looking for Passive what are the possible concentration movement it's looking for?
    Active?
    Solvent?
    Solute?
    • Passive- Osmosis, Diffusion, Facilitated diffusion
    • Active_ Active transport
    • Solvent- Osmosis
    • Solute- Active, diffusion, facilitated diffusion
  9. equation for finding concentration:
    mass/volume= concentration
  10. 2 reactions in Photosynthesis:
    and what they do
    • Light-Dependent-
    • requires light energy from sun
    • 1. a photon from the sun slaps into a molecule of chlorophyll
    • 2. The molecule gets passed on and an electron absorbs the energy, making it charged and excited.

    • Light-independent/calvin cycle- 
    •  phases:
    • 1. Carbon fixation- an RUVP slaps onto a chain of carbon molecules and becomes unstable.
    • only way it can stabilize is if it breaks into 3 phosphoglycerate molecules.

    • 2. reduction
    • 3. Regeneration- starts all over creating oxygen
  11. equation of photosynthesis:
    • 6CO2+ 6H2O ------> C6H12O6+ 6O2
    •                     light


    Carbon dioxide + Water --(light)--> Sugar + Oxygen
  12. photosynthesis byproducts:
    Sugar, water, carbon dioxide, oxygen and light
  13. Plant tissue that absorbs water:
    ____ absorbs carbon Dioxide and kicks out oxygen.
    • xylem
    • Stomata
  14. What stores chlorophyll?
    Stacks of thylakoid are called____.
    Inside the thylakoid=
    outside the thylakoid=
    • thylakoid
    • Grana
    • lumen
    • stroma
  15. Photosystem II
    and Photosystem I
    • PSII- straddle the membranes of the thylakoids in the chloroplast
    • PSI- Electrons get reenergized
  16. What does ATP synthase do?
    turns ADP into ATP
  17. equation for cellular respiration:
    • 6O2 + C6H12O6 -----> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
    • Oxygen + Sugar ------------->  carbon dioxide + Water + energy
  18. fermentation equations for alcohol and lactic acid:
    Pyruvic acid+ NADH ----> alcohol+ CO2+ NAD+

    Pyruvic acid + NADH ----> lactic acid + NAD+
  19. Image Upload
    Which molecule stores energy and which releases?
    • ATP-stores
    • ADP- releases
  20. what is ATP and ADP composed of?
    • ATP- Adenine+ Ribose+ 3 phosphate groups
    • ADP- Adenine+ Ribose+ 2 phosphate groups
  21. in cellular respiration- _____ is transformed into ATP with 3 separate stages
    1.
    2.
    3.
    Glucose

    • 1. Glycolysis
    • 2. Krebs Cycle
    • 3. Electron Transport Chain (ETC)
  22. 1. Glycolysis-

    results in

    __ ATPs   _____ pyruvic acids _____ NADH
    breaks glucose into Pyruvic acid

    • 4
    • 2
    • 2
  23. Anaerobic-
    Aerobic-

    Takes us to the route of fermentation.
    what are the 2 types of fermentation?
    what they're related to?
    • without oxygen
    • with oxygen

    Alcohol and Lactic acid

    • alcohol: yeast
    • Lactic acid- when muscles don't get enough oxygen.
  24. Krebs cycle: requires ____.

    Grabs ______ _____ and makes __ ATP per glucose plus energy.
    • oxygen.
    • Pyruvate molecules
    • 2
  25. what Krebs cycle does?
    • 1. Pyruvates are oxidized
    • one of the carbons of the 3 carbon chain bonds with an oxygen molecule and leaves the cell as CO2
    • What's left is a 2 carbon compound called ACETYL COENZYME.  Then another NAD+ comes along and picks up a hydrogen and become NADH.
  26. describe NAD+ and FAD:

    When they pick up hydrogen, what do they become:
    both pick up hydrogens and energize electrons from each pyruvate.

    • When they pick up hydrogen, they become:
    • NADH and FADH2
  27. Each pyruvate uses _ NADH, _ FADH2 per cycle.

    Each glucose uses creates ___ pyruvates --> ___ NADH ---> ___ FADH2
    • 3
    • 1

    • 2
    • 6
    • 2
  28. Image Upload
    Explain
    • each glucose composes of 2 pyruvates.
    • pyruvates yields 3 NADH groups and 1 FADH2 group.
    • so,,,, in glucose there would be 2 pyruvates, 6 NADH and 2 FADH2
  29. how many ATPs does the ELCTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN make?
    34
  30. what does the ETC do?
    uses ____ electrons from _______ and NADH to energize protein transporters on the inner ______ membrane.
    These electrons are passed on and on through a series of transporters until they ________________________________________________________. Then they bond to a Hydrogen and oxygen to create _____.
    energized, FADH2, mitochondrial, run low on energy or they run out of energy, water.
Author:
anitaebrahimi
ID:
246614
Card Set:
Osmosis/Diffusion/Photosynthesis/Cell transport and cellular respiration
Updated:
2013-11-13 18:20:22
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