ARHS Exam 3

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ARHS Exam 3
2013-11-12 21:28:59

Third ARHS Exam
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  1. Industrial Revolution
    the transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation
  2. Georges-Eugene Haussmann
    French administrator responsible for the transformation of Paris from its ancient character to the one that it still largely preserves
  3. Napoleon III
    the ruler of the Second French Empire. Elected President in France's first ever popular vote in 1848, he initiated a coup d'état in 1851
  4. Academie des Beaux-Arts
    The Académie des Beaux-Arts is a French learned society. It is one of the five academies of the Institut de France
  5. Historicism
    the theory that social and cultural phenomena are determined by history
  6. Gustave Eiffel
    a French civil engineer, and architect
  7. Paris Exposition of 1889
    a World's Fair held in Paris, France from 6 May to 31 October 1889.It was held during the year of the 100th anniversary of the storming of the Bastille, an event traditionally considered as the symbol for the beginning of the French Revolution
  8. Camera Obscura
    a darkened box with a convex lens or aperture for projecting the image of an external object onto a screen inside. It is important historically in the development of photography
  9. Daguerreotype
    a photograph taken by an early photographic process employing an iodine-sensitized silvered plate and mercury vapor.
  10. Calotype
    an early photographic process in which negatives were made using paper coated with silver iodide
  11. Colonialism
    the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically.
  12. Orientalism
    style, artefacts, or traits considered characteristic of the peoples and cultures of Asia.
  13. Avant-garde
    new and unusual or experimental ideas, esp. in the arts, or the people introducing them.
  14. The Sublime
    of such excellence, grandeur, or beauty as to inspire great admiration or awe
  15. The Bourgeoisie
    the middle class, typically with reference to its perceived materialistic values or conventional attitudes
  16. Charles Baudelaire
    a French poet who also produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe
  17. Salon des Refuses
    refers to any exhibition of works rejected from a juried art show. (the official Paris Salon)
  18. Stop-action photography
    Stop motion is an animation technique to make a physically manipulated object appear to move on its own. The object is moved in small increments between individually photographed frames, creating the illusion of movement when the series of frames is played as a continuous sequence.
  19. En plein air
    En plein air is a French expression which means "in the open air," and is particularly used to describe the act of painting outdoors, which is also called peinture sur le motif in French.
  20. Japanese prints
    Woodblock printing in Japan is a technique best known for its use in the ukiyo-e artistic genre; however, it was also used very widely for printing books in the same period
  21. Complimentary color
    colors directly opposite each other in the color spectrum, such as red and green or blue and orange, that when combined in the right proportions, produce white light
  22. Divisionism/pointillism
    a technique of neo-Impressionist painting using tiny dots of various pure colors, which become blended in the viewer's eye. It was developed by Georges Seurat with the aim of producing a greater degree of luminosity and brilliance of color.
  23. Impasto
    the process or technique of laying on paint or pigment thickly so that it stands out from a surface.paint applied thickly
  24. Abstraction
    the quality of dealing with ideas rather than events
  25. The Pre-RaphaeliteBrotherhood
    a member of a group of English 19th-century artists, including Holman Hunt, Millais, and D. G. Rossetti, who consciously sought to emulate the simplicity and sincerity of the work of Italian artists from before the time of Raphael
  26. Lithography
    the process of printing from a flat surface treated so as to repel the ink except where it is required for printing.
  27. Fauves
    a member of a group of French painters who favored Fauvism.
  28. Primitivism
    a belief in the value of what is simple and unsophisticated, expressed as a philosophy of life or through art or literature.
  29. Analytic Cubism
    Cubism is an early-20th-century avant-garde art movement pioneered by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, joined by Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleizes, Robert Delaunay, Henri Le Fauconnier, Fernand Léger and Juan Gris[1] that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature and architecture.
  30. Synthetic Cubism
    an early 20th-century style and movement in art, esp. painting, in which perspective with a single viewpoint was abandoned and use was made of simple geometric shapes, interlocking planes, and, later, collage.
  31. Futurist
    a person who studies the future and makes predictions about it based on current trends
  32. Dynamism
    the theory that phenomena of matter or mind are due to the action of forces rather than to motion or matter
  33. Suprematism
    the Russian abstract art movement developed by Kazimir Malevich c. 1915, characterized by simple geometric shapes and associated with ideas of spiritual purity.
  34. Freudian psychoanalysis
    Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist who became known as the founding father of psychoanalysis
  35. Frottage
    the technique or process of taking a rubbing from an uneven surface to form the basis of a work of art.
  36. Grattage
    Surrealism in art, poetry, and literature uses numerous techniques and games to provide inspiration. Many of these are said to free imagination by producing a creative process free of conscious control
  37. Abstract Surrealism
    a combination of the depictive, the abstract, and the psychological
  38. Biomorphic
    Biomorphic robotics is a sub-discipline of robotics focused upon emulating the mechanics, sensor systems, computing structures and methodologies used by animals. In short, it is building robots inspired by the principles of biological systems.
  39. Die Brucke
    was a group of German expressionist artists formed in Dresden in 1905, after which the Brücke Museum in Berlin was named
  40. Der Blaue Reiter
    was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, also an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist.