ex: Myosclerosis: abnormal condition of hardening of muscles
instrument to cut
ex: myotome: surgical instrument used to cut muscle
ex: myotomy: surgical incision into a muscle
tors/o & tort/i
ex: torsion: process of being twisted.
ex: ataxia: lack of muscular coordination
ex: bradykinesia: slowness of movement or motion
difficult, bad, painfull, abnormal
ex: polyplegia: Paralysis affecting many muscles
ex: Myosarcoma: Malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue
ex: sarcolemma: plasma membrane surrounding each striated muscle fiber
ex: myoparesis: Weakness of slight paralysis of a muscle
ex: myorrhaphy; Surgical suture of a muscle wound
Attached to bones. Voluntary; striated muscle.
Provides mchanism for movement, produces heat & help maintain posture & stability
walls of the heart. Involuntary, unde autonomic control; striated
walls of hollow organs. Involuntary, unstriated
Counter acts action of another muscle
Agonist / Prime Mover
Primary muscle in a given movement, produced by contraction
Acts with another muscle to produce and assist movement; anything that stabilizes a joint
Main portion, belly of the muscle
fixed attachment of the muscle to less mobile bone. Also a tendon.
point of attachment of a muscle to the bone that moves. Also a tendon.
bands of connective tissue which attach muscles to bones
long slender cells
Thin layer of connective tissue covering, supporting and connecting muscles or inner organs of the body
Strong flat sheet of fibrous connective tissue that serves as a tendon to attach muscles to bone or as Fascia to bind muscles together or to other tissues at their origin or insertion
partition of muscles and membranes that separates the chest cavity and the abs
Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS)
disorder with chronic, widespread musculoskeletail pain and fatigue.
Pertaining to having equal measure. Increasing tension of muscle while maintaining equal length.
Pertaining to same tone/tension. EX Holding something and muscle is able to contract/shorten.
muscle that raises or elevates a part
muscular dystrophy (MD)
group of genetic diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of skeletal muscles.
myasthenia gravis (MG)
chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease characterized by varying degress of weakness of the skeletal muscles of the body.
ex: myomalacia: softening of muscle tissue
group of muscles and their tendons that act to stabilze the shoulder.
ex: tenodesis: surgical binding of a tendon
condition characterized by cramps, convulsions, twitch of the muscles and sharp flexion of the wrist and joints; caused by abnormal Ca metabolism
calcuim blood test
Test performed on serum to determine levels of calcium which is essential for muscular contraction, nerve transmission and blood clotting.
creatine kinase (CK)
blood test to determine the level of CK, which is increased in necrosis or atrophy of skeletal muscle.
test to measure electrical activity across muscle membranes by means of electrodes attached to a neeedle that is inserted into the muscle.Abnormal results can indicate myasthenia gravis, muscular dystrophy ect.
full range of motion
limitation or loss of motion
shortness of breath
total body weight
muscle arising from the sternum and clavicle with its insertion in the mastoid process. Anterior direction. Rotates and laterally flexes neck.
Anerior/Posterior direction. Raises and rotates arm.
Anterior direction. Flexes, adducts and rotates arm.