Community Policing Ch 12
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What important group is often overlooked when implementing the community policing philosophy?
Children and teenagers are an important segment of the community often overlooked when implementing the community policing philosophy.
How can negative Attitudes towards the police be changed?
to counteract negative perceptions of police held by children and youths, many departments have programs aimed at fostering positive relations with them.
What does the developmental asset approach to children involve?
- 1) support
- 2) empowerment
- 3) boundaries and expectations
- 4) constructive use of time
- 5) commitment to learning
- 6) positive values
- 7) Social competence
- 8) positive identity to help youngsters succeed in school and in life
what federal initiatives are aimed at protecting our nation's youth?
- Passage of Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act, America's Promise Alliance, Project Safe Childhood, and the Safe Start Initiative
What do many consider to be the cornerstone of the Community?
Family is viewed as the cornerstone of the Community
how should schools be viewed?
a School should be viewed as a community, not as an institution.
Why is it important to build students' sense of community in school?
Research suggests that student's academic motivation, commitment to democratic values, and resistance to problem behaviors depend on their experience of the school as a community.
at minimum, what links should the school have with the community?
schools need to link with parents and with local law enforcement departments to teach students about the dangers of crime.
What is bullying more accurately termed?
it is more accurately termed as Peer Child Abuse.
how bullying has been viewed?
and what is the result of this view?
Bullying has been seen as a rite of passage and has resulted in schools where violence is accepted.
what is the "tell or tattle tale" dilemma?
the "tell or tattle tale" dilemma occurs when students hesitate to tell anyone that they are being bullied because it is seen as tattling - something they have been taught not to do
how might threats be classified?
Threats may be classified as - Direct, indirect, veiled, and conditional
what does the FBI's four-pronged threat assessment consist of?
The FBI's four-pronged assessment evaluates four major areas making up the "totality of the circumstances"
- 1) personality of the student
- 2) family dynamics
- 3) school dynamics and the student's role in those dynamics
- 4) social dynamic
What do most violent students do before they commit acts of violence?
Most students who are violent "leak" their feelings and intentions in the weeks and months before committing the violent act.
-such messages should never be ignored.
what are two highly successful programs to build safe schools?
Student Crime Stoppers
what are the seven prongs in effective school security?
- A Seven-pronged approach is needed for effective school security:
- 1) school/law enforcement/community partnerships,
- 2) Education about nonviolence
- 3) problem-solving training
- 4)mediation and anger management training
- 5) clear policies on accepted behavior with consequences for nonconformity
- 6) security procedures and technology
- 7) crisis planning
what is one of the oldest and most commonly used partnerships in assigning police officers to schools
The IACP has published a guide for preventing and responding to school violence which includes one topic for developing partnerships with schools.
The School Resource officer (SRO)
is zero tolerance an effective deterrent to nonconforming behavior?
No Data suggest that zero-tolerance policies reduce school violence.
such policies result in sometimes unreasonable suspensions and expulsions.
Vocab: Developmental assets
forty ideals, experiences, and qualities established by the Search institute to
"help young people make wise decisions, choose positive paths, and grow up competent, caring, and responsible."
Vocab: Risk Factor
A condition, Characteristic, or variable that increases the likelihood that a child will become delinquent;
often the opposite of a Protective factor
Vocab: Protective Factor
A condition, characteristic, or variable that increases the likelihood that a child will avoid delinquency;
often the opposite of a Risk factor
Vocab: bullying (peer child abuse)
name calling, fistfights, purposeful ostracism, extortion, character assassination, repeated physical attacks, and sexual harassment
also called peer child abuse
Something done to get someone in trouble, in contrast to telling or reporting to keep someone safe.
Vocab: Direct Threat
identifies a specific act against a specific target and is delivered in a straightforward, clear, and explicit manner.
Vocab: indirect threat
tends to be vague, unclear, and ambiguous; the plan, the intended victim, the motivation, and other aspects of the threat are masked or equivocal.
Vocab: veiled threat
one that strongly implies, but doesn't explicitly threaten violence.
Vocab: Conditional threat
the type of threat often seen in extortion cases; warns that a violent act will happen unless certain demands or terms are met.
Occurs when a student intentionally or unintentionally reveals clues to feelings, thoughts, fantasies, attitudes, or intentions that may signal an impending violent act.
Vocab: Zero Tolerance
a policy of punishing all offenses severely, no matter how minor an offense may be.
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