Pennsylvania Botany

Card Set Information

Author:
phookasidhe
ID:
246666
Filename:
Pennsylvania Botany
Updated:
2013-11-13 01:39:15
Tags:
botany plant identification
Folders:

Description:
Common and scientific names of plants common to Pennsylvania matched to pictures
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    • Heracleum maximum [p.223] (Cow
    • parsnip, hogweed)
    • Family:  Apiaceae (Parsley)
    • Characteristics:
    • · Stem ridged, finger-sized, hairy, and hollow
    • · Leaves large, 3 compound, sheathed, palmate
    • · Flowers white double compound umbel, terminal
    • arrangement, newest blooms on inside

    • Acorus calamus [p.1] (sweet flag)
    • Family: Araceae (Arum)
    • Characteristics:
    • · Long, flat leaf with off-center ridge
    • · Smells like a lemon bar
    • Hundreds of tiny flowers:  yellow = stamen, green = stigmatic surfaces
    • Symplocarpus foetidus [p.26] (skunk cabbage)
    • Family:  Araceae
    • Characteristics:
    • -Spadix and spathe (variable) tucked on ground, bloom Feb-March
    • Parthenocissus quinquefolia  [p.37] (Virginia creeper)
    • Family: Vitaceae (Grape)
    • Characteristics:
    • · Leaves 5 in a whorl
    • Flowers green and tucked into vegetation
    • Maianthemum racemosum [p.264] (false Solomon’s seal)
    • Family: Liliaceae (Lily)
    • Characteristics:
    • · Leaves clasping, sessile, parallel venations,
    • alternate
    • · Flowers terminal, indeterminate
    • Spread by rhizome
    • Tussilago farfara [p.26] (coltsfoot)
    • Family: Asteraceae
    • Characteristics:
    • · Leaves chordate, red coloration in
    • notch, green above and hairy (short oppressed hairs) below, toothed margins,
    • alternate

    • Flowers look like
    • dandelion (do not have to know)
    • Hesperis matronalis[p.99] (Dame’s rocket)
    • Family: Brassicaceae (Mustard)
    • Characteristics:
    • · Elongated capsules
    • · Petioliate leaves, sessile, alternate, pinnate
    • · Flowers fourmarous
    • Alliaria petiolata [p.19] (garlic mustard)
    • Family: Brassicaceae
    • Characteristics:
    • · Chordate leaf
    • · Fourmarous flowers
    • · Invasive
    • Impatiens capensis [p.16] (Spotted jewelweed)
    • Family:  Balsaminaceae (Touch-me-not)
    • Characteristics:
    • · Stem succulent and hollow
    • · Leaves elliptical, mostly alternate
    • · Zygomorphic orange flower
    • · Elongated capsules, mature ones explode

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