History Exam 2 Review

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History Exam 2 Review
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2013-11-13 18:21:03
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American History since 1877
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  1. Who among the following would NOT promote efforts to reshape the environment in order to improve people's lives?
    Madison Grant, eugenicist.
  2. Which one of the following was NOT an important reason for American expansion in the 1890s?
    a belief in the basic equality of all people and races.
  3. In the 1890s, the U.S. acquired all of the following EXCEPT?
    the Virgin Islands.
  4. Among the elements making up the American ideology of imperialism, which does your text consider most compelling?
    commercial opportunity.
  5. As a result of observing what the British had done with its naval fleet in the quarter century prior to 1900, the U.S. Navy:
    was transformed into a modern, stream-driven institution.
  6. Under the "Roosevelt Corollary," the U.S:
    justified intervention in the internal affairs of the Caribbean countries.
  7. Roosevelt's objectives in his Asian policy-which explain his actions in response to the Russo-Japanese include all EXCEPT:
    holding the U.S. Navy in waters close to the U.S. for coastal defense.
  8. Taft's "dollar diplomacy" was intended to accomplish all of the following EXCEPT:
    promote American corporate interests overseas through regular use of armed force.
  9. Wilson built upon the diplomacy of Roosevelt and Taft by adding his own distinctive:
    conviction that justice, democracy, and the values of harmony and cooperation should guide foreign policy.
  10. During the Wilson administration, a revolutionary situation led to U.S. invasions of what country?
    Mexico.
  11. Wilson's commitment to neutrality in WWI stemmed from his profound conviction that:
    a neutral America could lead the warring nations to "a peace without victory."
  12. All of the following inclined the U.S. toward entering on the side of the Allies in WWI EXCEPT that:
    although a pacifist at heart, Wilson campaigned for re-elections in 1916 on a hawkish platform-and won decisively.
  13. What circumstance led to an American posture in which true neutrality was dead?
    the British, which cut off U.S. trade with Germany while supplies still flowed to the Allies.
  14. As the war lingered and the presidential election of 1916 loomed, Wilson endorsed ___, yet then ran a campaign stressing ___.
    Enhanced military preparedness; that kept the U.S. out of war.
  15. The inflammatory Zimmerman telegram proposed that in the event of war between the U.S. and Germany:
    Mexico would attack the U.S.
  16. Among the "home front" impacts of WWI were all of the following EXCEPT:
    a spirit of unity that reduced racial and ethnic tensions.
  17. When the draft began as a means to ensure adequate troops for the war, American public opinion:
    Ranged widely from opposition to support.
  18. How did the U.S. pay for the costs of its involvement in WWI?
    the sale of bonds and savings certificates to the U.S. citizens.
  19. Among the key provisions of Wilson's "fourteen points" were all of the following EXCEPT:
    Phased rearmament.
  20. Characterize the "fourteen points."
    an idealistic vision for a world order freed of selfish nationalism, imperialism, and war.
  21. What new weapon finally broke the stalemate by negating the defensive advantage of entrenched troops?
    the tank.
  22. The Treaty of Versailles never received U.S. Senate ratification because:
    Wilson ordered Democratic senators to vote against the amended treaty.
  23. The end of the war, the success of Bolshevism in Russia, and the sense of cultural crisis led to all of the following EXCEPT:
    Fear of foreign terrorist or military attack.
  24. The raids launched by Palmer were:
    a series of illegal arrest of alleged radical subversives under the direction of the U.S. attorney general.
  25. One of the most important economic transformations in the years after WWI was:
    the shift in production from heavy industry to consumer goods and services.
  26. Henry Ford's great contribution to modern industrial culture was:
    his commitment to standardization and assembly-line mass production.
  27. What might be called a "second or post-Industrial Revolution," the "roaring economy" of the 1920's involved all of the following EXCEPT:
    a revolution in labor relations, marked by new growth in the size and influence of labor.
  28. The automobile was to the 1920's what the railroad had been to the nineteenth century, in that:
    it was both a powerful catalyst to economic growth and a symbol for the age.
  29. Which one of the following was NOT a feature of the modern corporation in the 1920's?
    corporate power existed in the hands of stockholders rather than in company management.
  30. To encourage consumption, demand for goods was stimulated by all of the following EXCEPT:
    increased business competition.
  31. All of the following are traits attributed to a "new woman" EXCEPT:
    spiritual.
  32. What new style of music that fused soulfulness and syncopated rhythms was born in the roaring 20s?
    Jazz.
  33. Which of the following influenced the sense of meaninglessness and alienation that was characteristic of writers and intellectuals in the 1920s?
    the experience of WWI.
  34. The outpouring of literature and art by the "New Negro" of the 1920's became known as the:
    Harlem Renaissance.
  35. In the early part of the twentieth century, immigration from Mexico jumped for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
    recruiting by the AFL in a campaign to increase its membership.
  36. What piece of federal legislation in the 1920s was a significant shift from a historic American practice?
    Immigration restriction.
  37. The National Origins Act, which fixed immigration patterns for four decades:
    Put strict quotas on the number of immigrants to be allowed into the U.S. every year.
  38. The former presidential candidate who became a leading spokesman against the theory of evolution during the 1920s was:
    William Jennings Bryan.
  39. Which of the following was NOT a Republican president during the 1920s?
    Charles Evans Hughes.
  40. The Open Door Policy:
    Proposed that foreign powers keep the China trade open to all nations on an equal basis.
  41. John Hay:
    said in 1900 that foreign powers should "preserve Chinese territorial and administrative integrity."
  42. The Glass Act:
    is correctly represented by all of the above statements.
  43. The following statements best describes the diplomatic stance of Woodrow Wilson:
    America has been called to spread democracy and moral progress throughout the world.
  44. Faced with the situation of a military dictator ruling neighboring Mexico, President Wilson said that:
    America should not recognize governments that do not rest on morality and the consent of the governed.
  45. Before the U.S. entered the war, American investors had loaned:
    great amounts of money to the Allies and very little to the Central Powers.

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