Research Methods

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HeidiB
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246775
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Research Methods
Updated:
2013-11-13 19:53:34
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Social Work Research Methods
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Chapter 7 and Chapter 8
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  1. Which of the following is NOT considered a strength of practice evaluations?

    • A- feedback to clients
    • B- knowledge building
    • C- time and cost
    • D- limited application


  2. The simplest of single-system designs is called:

    • A- AB Design
    • B- ABC design
    • C- Multiple Baseline Design
    • D- A case study
  3. A study where a pre survey and a post survey are conducted is which design format
    • A. AB
    • B. ABC
    • C. ABAB
  4. T/F: Baseline is the repeated measurement prior to the intervention.
  5. True or False: Process recording are the notes a social worker will take after meeting with a client that details the main components that were covered in an interview.
  6. An ABAB Evaluation design is:
    • A. Also known as a reversal or withdrawal design.
    • B. Is the best design to utilize in all situations
    • C. Is an AB design that withdraws the intervention then reintroduces the intervention.
    • D. Both A and C.
  7. Which of the following is not a strength of the single system practice evaluation?
    • A)Feedback to Client
    • B)Validity
    • C)Knowledge Building for Practice
    • D)Time and Cost
  8. Which limitations are there for single system practice evaluations?
    • A)Limited Application
    • B)No group application
    • C)Lack of everyday application
    • D)Limited Data Analysis
    • E) Both A&D
  9. Which type of probability sampling involves taking the list of elements and choosing every nth element on the list?
    • a. Simple random sampling
    • b. Systematic random sampling
    • c. Stratified random sampling
    • d. Cluster sampling
    • Which type of nonprobability sampling involves identifying participants, who then contact others?
    • a. Criterion sampling
    • b. Quota sampling
    • c. Snowball sampling
    • d. Availability sampling
  10. Which of the following is NOT a sampling method?
    • A. simple random
    • B. systematic random
    • C. Specific Random
    • D. Cluster
  11. True/False: When conducting sampling in an agency, you do not need to modify your sampling methods.
  12. Which is not an example of probability sampling?
  13. a. Simple random
    • b. Systematic random
    • c. Typical cases
    • d. Cluster
  14. What are the 2 ethical issues in sampling?
  15. a. Probability sampling and nonprobability sampling
    • b. Reporting the sampling method and informed consent
    • c. Sampling error and sampling accuracy
    • d. Sample and population
  16. Ch. 8
  17. T/F A representative sample has the same distribution as the population where it is selected.
  18. Which type of probability sampling method can generalize with minimal limitations and are listed in the sampling frame?
    • A) simple random
    • B) Systematic random
    • C) stratified random
    • D) cluster
  19. 1) Systematic random sampling falls under probability sampling. Which of the follow is the definition of it?
    • a) Involves randomly sampling a larger unit containing the elements of interest, and then sampling from these larger units the elements to be included in the final sample
    • b) Involves taking the list of elements and choosing every nth element on this list. The size of n depends on the size of the sampling frame and the intended size of the sample
    • c) Easiest of the sampling methods, where the population is treated as a whole unit and each element has an equal probability of being selected in the sample
    • d) In it the population is divided into strata, and subsamples are randomly selected from each of the strata
  20. 2) What is the definition of nonprobability sampling?
    • a) It occurs when every element in the population has a known chance of being selected
    • b) It has the same distribution of characteristics as the population from which it is selected
    • c) It is a list of all the elements in the population from which the sample is selected
    • d) It allows the research to intentionally select elements that are information rich
  21. T/F: Probability sampling allows you to handpick the sample according to the research question.
  22. The sampling method that takes a list of elements and chooses every nth element on the list is:
    • a. Simple Random Sampling
    • b. Systematic Random Sampling
    • c. Stratified Random Sampling
    • d. Cluster Sampling
    • Which of the following is not a strength of the single system practice evaluation?
    • A)Feedback to Client
    • B)Validity
    • C)Knowledge Building for Practice
    • D)Time and Cost
  23. Which limitations are there for single system practice evaluations?
    • A)Limited Application
    • B)No group application
    • C)Lack of everyday application
    • D)Limited Data Analysis
    • E) Both A&D
  24. Ch. 9
  25. Which of the following is considered a method for collecting data?
    • a. Observation
    • b. Scales
    • c. Secondary Data
    • d. All of the above
  26. When would it be applicable to use questionnaires?
    • a. When response rate is not a top priority
    • b. Anonymity is important
    • c. Time and money are of no great object
    • d. A and B
    • e. B and C
  27. Which is NOT one of the 6 major methods of collecting data?
    • 
Secondary data

    • Logs and Journals

    • Applicability
    • Scales


  28. True or False: The reactive effect is when the interviewer does NOT impact the participant’s response or feedback
  29. Which of the six methods of data collection cannot be qualitative?
    • a.) Logs and journals 

    • b.) interviews 

    • c.) scales
  30. Reliability refers to 

    • a.) the consistency of a measure
    • b.) the correlation coefficient

    • c.) is unnecessary in research
  31. Which testing of reliability compares an administration of an instrument done by different observers or interviewers:
    • A. Test-Retest
    • B. Alternate Form
    • C. Split Half
    • D. Observer Reliability
  32. T/F: Validity focuses on consistency of measure and if there are differences in the phenomenon measured rather than the instrument itself.
  33. 1) Which of the following do not include both qualitative and quantitative data?
    • a) Interviews and questionnaires
    • b) Secondary data and interviews
    • c) Journals, logs, and scales
    • d) Observation techniques and secondary data
  34. 2) Which of the following is a type of questionnaire?
    • a) Mailed questionnaire
    • b) Telephone survey
    • c) Group questionnaire
    • d) Web or online survey
    • e) All of the above
  35. 1. Which of the six methods of data collection cannot be qualitative?
    • a.) Logs and journals
    • b.) interviews
    • c.) scales
  36. 2. Reliability refers to
    • a.) the consistency of a measure
    • b.) the correlation coefficient
    • c.) is unnecessary in research
  37. 1- which of the following is a source of error when determining reliability?
  38. A. rates under treatment
  39. B. unclear definition of variable
  40. C. neutrality
  41. D. target problem scales
  42. 2- validity is more difficult to establish than reliability.
  43. A. false
  44. B. true
  45. What is a source of error?
    • a) Unclear variable definitions
    • b) Use of retrospective information
    • c) Structure of the Instrument
    • d) Variations in conditions of data collection
    • e) All the above
  46. Which source of error can both enhance or decrease reliability?
    • a) Unclear variable definitions
    • b) Use of retrospective information
    • c) Structure of the Instrument
    • d) Variations in conditions of data collection
  47. 1. True or False
    • Reliability is the extent to which you are measuring what you think you are measuring.
    • 2. What are the three types of validity?
    • a. Criteria Validity, Structure Validity, Construct Validity
    • b. Structure Validity, Coefficient Validity, Criterion Validity
    • c. Criterion Validity, Content Validity, Coefficient Validity
    • d. Criterion Validity, Content Validity, Construct Validity

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