Psychology 100 - Ch. 10

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  1. Definition of Motivation
    A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
  2. Definition of Instinct
    A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned.
  3. Definition of Drive-Reduction Theory
    The idea that a psychological need creates an arousal tension state (a drive) hat motivates an organism to satisfy the need.
  4. Definition of Homeostasis
    A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level.
  5. Definition of Incentive
    A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior.
  6. Definition of Hierarchy of Needs
    Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that mist first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active.
  7. Definition of Glucose
    The form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When it's level is low, we feel hungry.
  8. Definition of Set Point
    The point at which your "weight thermostat" is supposedly set. When your body falls below this weight, increased hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may combine to restore the lost weight.
  9. Definition of Basal Metabolic Rate
    The body's resting rate of energy expenditure.
  10. Definition of Achievement Motivation
    A desire for significant accomplishment for mastery of skills or ideas, for control, and for rapidly attaining a high standard.
  11. Definition of Emotion
    A response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological arousal, (2) expressive behaviors, and (3) conscious experience.
  12. James-Lange Theory
    The theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli.
  13. Cannon-Bard Theory
    The theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers (1) psychological responses and (2) the subjective experience of emotion.
  14. Two-Factor Theory
    The Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one must (1) be physically aroused and (2) cognitively label the arousal.
  15. What is Maslow's Hierarchy Theory of Self-Actualization?
    State of self-fulfillment in which people realize their highest potential in their own unique way.
Card Set
Psychology 100 - Ch. 10
Motivation and Emotion
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