Exam 3

Card Set Information

Author:
izzy
ID:
246809
Filename:
Exam 3
Updated:
2013-11-14 01:41:52
Tags:
Physiology
Folders:

Description:
Physiology
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user izzy on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. 1. One
    difference between arteries and veins is that

    a.              
    Veins have valves and arteries do not

    b.              
    Arteries have thin walls and veins have thick walls

    c.              
    Arteries are more superficial than veins

    d.              
    Veins are less branched than arteries

    e.              
    Arteries lead towards the heart and veins lead away from the heart
    • a.     
    • Veins have valves and arteries do not
  2. 2. In the fetus, blood bypasses the pulmonary circuit by passing from the pulmonary trunk to the aorta through the

    a.              
    Ductus
    arteriosus

    b.              
    Ligamentum
    venosus

    c.              
    Ductus
    venosus

    d.              
    Fossa ovale

    e.              
    Ligamentum
    arteriosus
    • b.              
    • Ligamentum venosus
  3. 3. The systemic circulation which supplies the majority of the body's capillaries begins with the and ends with the

    a. Right atrium,
    left ventricle

    b. Right ventricle, left atrium .‘

    c. Left ventricle, right atrium

    d.              
    Left atrium,
    left ventricle
    C. Left ventricle, right atrium
  4. 4. The ascending aorta begins at the

    a.              
    Mitral valve

    b.              
    Bicuspid
    valve

    c.              
    Tricuspid
    valve

    d.              
    Aortic valve

    e.              
    Pulmonary
    valve
    • d.            
    • Aortic valve
  5. 5. Which is not true of arteries? They

    a.              
    Have valves

    b.              
    Have thick
    walls

    c.              
    Have narrow
    lumens

    d.              
    Have high
    blood pressure

    e.              
    They lead
    away from the heart
    a.              Have valves
  6. 6. Which is the largest lymphatic organ?

    a.              
    Lymph
    nodes"

    b.              
    Spleen

    c.              
    Thyroid

    d.              
    Kidneys

    e.              
    Adrenals
    b.              Spleen
  7. 7-. Classes of lymphocytes include

    a.              
    B cells

    b.              
    T cells

    c.              
    NK (natural killer) cells

    d.              
    Both a and b

    e.              
    All of these
    e.              All of these
  8. 8. The thymus is most active

    a.              
    During
    infancy and youth

    b.              
    From puberty
    to adulthood

    c.              
    During middle
    age

    d.              
    During old
    age

    e.              
    Throughout
    life
    a.              During infancy and youth
  9. 9. Which of the following is attacked by HIV?

    a.              
    APC cells

    b.              
    NK cells

    c.              
    B lymphocytes

    d.              
    T lymphocytes

    e.              
    All of these
    d.              T lymphocytes
  10. 10. The lymphatic system is most closely associated with the

    a.              
    Urinary
    system

    b.              
    Cardiovascular
    system

    c.              
    Digestive
    system

    d.              
    Respiratory
    system

    e.              
    Reproductive
    system
    b.              Cardiovascular system
  11. 11. Blood comes back to the heart through all of these except the

    a.              
    Inferior vena
    cava

    b.              
    Superior vena
    cava

    c.              
    Pulmonary
    veins

    d.              
    Pulmonary.
    arteries

    e.              
    All of these
    d.              Pulmonary arteries
  12. 12. Which vitamin deficiency that causes nervous system problems is preventable by
    consuming dairy products, eggs or green leafy vegetables?

    a.              
    Anemia

    b.              
    Blindness

    c.              
    Beriberi

    d.              
    Scurvy

    e.              
    Kwashiorkor
    c.              Beriberi
  13. 13. Which disease is not correctly matched with the system
    involved?

    a.              
    Urinary -
    nephritis

    b.              
    Respiratory
    system - tuberculosis

    c.              
    Cardiovascular
    system - hypertension

    d.              
    Digestive
    system - hepatitis

    e.              
    Urinary
    system - prostatitis

    f.               
    All of these
    are correctly matched
    f.               All of these are correctly matched
  14. 14.
    Which is the best explanation as to why an individual will die if exposed to
    carbon monoxide gas from an internal combustion engine (like a gasoline auto or
    boat engine) or poorly vented heater?

    a.      The body
    monitors saturated hernoglobin.,and so when carbon monoxide attaches
    to the hemoglobin, the body is confused into thinking that it is oxygen that is
    attached to the hemoglobin

    b.      Carbon monoxide saturates the blood, increasing density, and slowing
    down blood flow, leading to anoxia of the brain tissue

    c.      Since
    carbon monoxide has a stronger attachment to hemoglobin than oxygen it
    supplants it and the body is unaware of the fact since it monitors rising
    carbon dioxide levels, not falling oxygen levels

    d.      Carbon dioxide diffuses into the longs from the alveoli, then passes into
    the tissue spaces around the brain and into the cerebrospinal fluid
    of the central canal of the spinal cord causing damage to the CNS and
    ultimate paralysis of the respiratory muscles

    e.      Carbon dioxide diffuses into the longs from the alveoli, then passes into
    the tissue spaces around the brain and into the cerebrospinal fluid
    of the central canal of the spinal cord causing damage to the CNS and
    ultimate death of brain cells
    c.      Since carbon monoxide has a stronger attachment to hemoglobin than oxygen it supplants it and the body is unaware of the fact since it monitors rising carbon dioxide levels, not falling oxygen levels
  15. 15. When proteins (amino acids) are broken down in
    the body, a nitrogenous waste product that is

    produced

    a.              
    14ydrogen
    cyanide (CN)

    b.              
    Nitrites

    c, Ammonia

    d.              
    Uric acid

    e.              
    Nitrates

    F. None of these
    c. Ammonia
  16. 16. Which of the following do kidneys  not do?

    a.              
    Remove urea
    from blood

    b.              
    Adjust the
    amount of fatty acids the blood

    c.              
    Adjust blood
    pH

    d.              
    Adjust the
    amount of water in the blood vessels

    e.              
    Adjust the amount salt in
    the blood vessels
    b.              Adjust the amount of fatty acids the blood
  17. 17. Which of the following foods contains the least  energy per ounce?

    a.              
    Fats

    b.              
    Protein

    c.              
    Oils

    d.              
    Minerals

    e.              
    Carbohydrates
    d.              Minerals
  18. 18. The beginning of digestion of carbohydrate digestion occurs in the

    and that of proteins begins in the

    while that of fats begins in the

    a.             
    duodenum, mouth, stomach

    b.             
    mouth, duodenum, stomach

    c.              
    mouth, stomach, duodenum

    d.             
    stomach, mouth,
    duodenmum

    e.             
    duodenum, stomach, mouth
    b.             mouth, duodenum, stomach
  19. 19. Which system is mismatched with its basic structural unit?

    a.              
    Urinary system - nephron

    b.              
    Nervous system - neuron

    c.              
    Respiratory system - alveolus

    d.              
    Digestive system - sarcomere

    e.              
    Cardiovascular system - capillary
    d.              Digestive system - sarcomere
  20. 20. Which is mismatched?

    a.              
    Chief cells -
    pepsinogen

    b.              
    Intestinal
    glands - sucrose

    c.              
    Parietal
    cells - HCI

    d.              
    Acini cells
    of pancreas - trypsin

    e.              
    Salivary
    glands - maltase
    e.              Salivaryglands - maltase
  21. 21. Which of the following has a U- or S-shaped nucleus, contains heavy granules that stain very
    dark, and releases histamines and heparin as it removes damaged
    tissues?

    a.              
    Erythrocytes

    b.              
    Neutrophils

    c.              
    Monocytes

    d.              
    Eosinophils

    e.              
    Basophils
    e.              Basophils
  22. 22. Which of
    the following has a nucleus that is not subdivided into lobes,
    but is shaped somewhat like a kidney, is crucial in defense
    against viruses, is associated with chronic infections and is the largest of
    the leukocytes?

    a.              
    Erythrocytes

    b.              
    Neutrophils

    c.              
    Monocytes

    d.              
    Eosinophils

    e.              
    Basophils
    c.              Monocytes
  23. 23. Which of the following has a
    nucleus with 2 lobes, contains heavy reddish granules of lysosomal enzymes, and
    functions in phagocytosis of antigen-antibody complexes in allergic reactions?

    a.              
    Erythrocytes

    b.              
    Neutrophils

    c.              
    Monocytes

    d.              
    Eosinophils

    e.              
    Basophils
    d.              Eosinophils
  24. 24. Which of the following is a protein that forms the structural
    framework of a blood clot?

    a.              
    Collagen

    b.              
    Albumin

    c.              
    Fibrin

    d.              
    Prothrombin

    e.              
    Lymphocyte
    c.              Fibrin
  25. 25. Which 9f the following transports Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen?

    a.              
    Basophils

    b.              
    Erythrocytes

    c.              
    Neutrophils

    d.              
    Monocytes

    e.              
    Eosinophils
    b.              Erythrocytes
  26. 26. Which of
    the following has a nucleus with 3-6 lobes, functions as a phagocyte,
    attacks bacteria and contains fine indistinct granules?

    a.              
    Erythrocytes

    b.              
    Neutrophils

    c.              
    Monocytes

    d.              
    Eosinophils

    e.              
    Basophils
    b.              Neutrophils
  27. 27. Which of the following is the plasma protein that plays a role in the formation of a blood
    clot?

    a.              
    Prothrombin

    b.              
    Platelets

    c.              
    Fibrin

    d.              
    Epinephrine

    e.              
    Lymphocyte
    c.              Fibrin
  28. 28. Which
    sequence is correct for the following events?

    1. Fibrinogen —1111I'Fibrin
    2. Clot Formation
    3. Formation of Thrornboplastin
    4. Prothrombin Thrombin




    a.
    2, 3, 4, 1

    b.
    1, 3, 4, 2

    c.
    3, 4, 1, 2

    d.
    3,1,2,4

    e.
    1,2,3,4
    c. 3, 4, 1, 2
  29. 29. During
    auscultation, the normal heart sounds are caused by

    a.              
    Closure of
    the heart valves

    b.              
    Excitation of
    the SA node

    c.              
    Excitation of
    the AV node

    d.              
    Friction of
    blood against the chamber walls

    e.              
    Contraction
    of the ventricular muscles
    a.              Closure of the heart valves
  30. 30. The P wave of an electrocardiogram indicates

    a.              
    Atrial
    Depolarization

    b.              
    Ventricular
    Depolarization

    c.              
    Atrial
    Repolarization

    d.              
    Ventricular
    Repolarization

    e.              
    A delay of
    between 0.12 and 0.20 seconds
    a
  31. c31. Ana is a 23 year old female student with a hemoglobin
    of 13 9/100 ml. Jon is a 29 year old college professor with a hemoglobin
    of 13 9/100 ml.

    a.              
    Ana has a low
    hemoglobin level but Jon's' is normal

    b.              
    Ana has a
    normal hemoglobin level but Jon's is high

    c.              
    Ana has a
    normal hemoglobin level but Jon's is low

    d.              
    Both Ana and
    Jon have low hemoglobin levels

    e.              
    Both Ana and
    Jon have high hemoglobin levels
  32. 32. Gohar is a 68 year old woman with a hemoglobin level
    of 12 g/100 ml and a total erythrocyte count of 4.2 million/cu mm. Which
    of the following is not true?

    a.              
    Her RBC count
    is low

    b.              
    Her
    hemoglobin level is low

    c.              
    Her
    hematocrit level should be about 36%

    d.              
    She is
    definitely anemic

    e.              
    All of these
    are true
    e
  33. 33. Which
    is not true of the atrioventricular node?

    a.              
    The
    electrical impulse is delayed here for between 120 and 200 milliseconds

    b.              
    It is
    responsible for ini'tiatirig the electrical impulse that will
    stimulate the ventricles to contract

    C. It is attached directly to the bundle of His

    d.              
    Its
    electrical impulse will result in the closure of the atrioventricular valves

    e.              
    Its
    electrical impulse will result in .the diastolic pressure
    e
  34. 34. The foramen
    ovals

    a.              
    Shunts blood
    from the umbilicalvein to the hepatic portal vein in the fetus

    b.              
    Connects the
    two atria in the fetal heart

    c.              
    Shunts blood
    from the iliac arteries to the umbilical arteries in the fetus

    d.              
    Shunts blood
    from the left pulmonary artery to the aorta in the fetal heart

    e.              
    Is the opening
    at the base of the skull through which the spinal cord connects to the medulla
    of the brain
    b
  35. 35. The LUBB-dupp
    sounds of the heart are valuable in diagnosis because they
    provide information about

    a.              
    The
    possibility of a myocardial infarction

    b.              
    The possibility
    of a coronary thrombosis

    c.              
    The
    possibility of a myocardial ischemia

    d.              
    The
    functioning of the heart valves

    e.              
    The
    possibility of a coronary occlusion
    d
  36. 36. Which is not true of Carbon
    Dioxide?






















    a.       
    It has a
    stronger affinity for hemoglobin than does oxygen and as a result can cause
    death when an individual is exposed to its fumes

    b.       
    Increasing levels in the blood
    result in a lowering of blood pH

    c.       
    It has a higher concentration in the veins of the
    systemic circulation than in the arteries

    d.       
    Levels in the blood can be
    lowered by conscious hyperventilation

    e.       
    Breathing rate is more dependent on its
    concentration in the blood than that of oxygen
    a
  37. 37. The larynx

    a.              
    Routes air
    and food into the proper channels

    b.              
    Functions in
    voice production

    c.              
    Provides an
    open airway

    d.              
    Plays a role
    in prevention of choking

    e.              
    All of these
    are correct
    e
  38. 38. Which is not true of antibodies?

    a.              
    There are
    Five binding sites on each antibody monomer

    b.              
    They may be transferred
    from a mother to her fetus providing passive immunity

    c.              
    They may be
    transferred from a mother to her nursing infant providing passive immunity

    d.              
    They may be made
    in response to a disease-causing antigen resulting in active
    immunity

    e.              
    They may be
    made in response to an attenuated antigen in a vaccine resulting in active
    immunity
    a
  39. 39. Which center (s) ate located
    in the pons?

    a.              
    Pneumotaxic

    b.              
    Inspiratory

    C. Expiratory

    d.              
    Rhythmicity

    e.              
    Two of these
    a
  40. 40. The respiratory control centers are located in the

    a.              
    Spinal cord
    and Cerebellum

    b.              
    Spinal cord
    and Cerebrum

    C. Spinal cord and
    Corpus Callosu

    d.              
    Medulla arid
    Pons

    e.              
    Hypothalamus
    and Medulla
    d
  41. 41. Which statement is true concerning lymphocytes?

    a.              
    The two main
    - types are T cells and macropriages

    b.              
    B cells
    produce plasma cells, which secrete antibodies into the blood

    c.              
    T cells are
    the precursors of B cells

    d.              
    B cells are
    the precursors of T cells

    e.              
    T cells are
    the only form of leukocyte found in lymphoid tissue
    b
  42. 42. Which of the following would be abnormal
    for the CBC of a 22 year old male student?

    a.              
    Hematocrit of
    38%

    b.              
    9,100 WBC per
    cu. mm.

    c.              
    4.8 million
    RBC per cu. mm.

    d.              
    202, 400
    platelets per cu. mm.

    e.              
    all of these
    a
  43. 43. The deadliest
    cancer in women is

    a.              
    Cervical

    b.              
    Breast

    c.              
    Lung

    d.              
    Colon

    e.              
    Ovarian
    c
  44. 44. A cancer that has relatively good
    survival rates is

    a.              
    Brain

    b.              
    Prostate C. Ovarian

    d.              
    Pancreatic -

    e.              
    Malignant
    melanoma
    b
  45. 45. For males and females in the 15 to 24 age group the leading cause of death is

    a.              
    Accidents

    b.              
    Suicide

    c.              
    Homicide

    d.              
    AIDS

    e.              
    Infectious
    diseases other than AIDS
    a
  46. 46. Which of the following basic
    functional units is mismatched?

    a.     
    Cardiovascular
    System - Capillary

    b.     
    Respiratory
    System - Alveolus

    c.     
    Digestive
    System - Villus

    d.      Urinary System - Sarcornere

    e.      Nervous System - Neuron
    d
  47. 47. Which is  mismatched?

    a.              
    Third most
    common female cancer - cervical

    b.              
    Second most
    common female cancer - lung

    c.              
    Most common
    male cancer - prostate

    d.              
    Most common
    female cancer - breast

    e.              
    Second most
    common male cancer - lung
    a
  48. 48. When all deaths for all age groups are considered
    together, it is clear that the biggest contributor is

    a.              
    Infectious
    diseases including pneumonia, tuberculosis, AIDS, hepatitis, and others

    b.              
    Respiratory
    diseases

    c.              
    Cardiovascular
    diseases

    d.              
    Cancers, when
    all types are considered together

    e.              
    Sudden, often
    unexpected and sometimes violent deaths, including homicides, suicides, and
    accidents
    c
  49. 49. The hepatic portal vein functions to

    a.      Distribute
    hormones throughout the body

    b.      Collect absorbed nutrients for metabolic processing or storage before
    releasing them to the circulation for cellular use

    c.      Carry toxins to the venous system for disposal through the urinary tract

    d.      Return
    glucose to the general circulation when blood sugar is low

    e.      All of
    these
    b
  50. 50. Which would be an abnormal reading for a person in your age group and sex?

    a.              
    Fasting
    cholesterol reading of 280 g/dI

    b.              
    Systolic
    blood pressure of 122 mm

    c.              
    Diastolic
    blood pressure of 72 mm

    d.              
    Resting heart
    rate of 62 bpm

    e.              
    All of these
    a
  51. 51. Which of the following is not caused by an infectious agent?

    a.              
    Food
    Poisoning

    b.              
    Squamous cell
    carcinoma

    c.              
    Tuberculosis

    d.              
    Pneumonia

    e.              
    Hepatitis
    b
  52. a52. raises blood sugar levels while lowers blood sugar
    levels.

    a.              
    Glucagon,
    Insulin

    b.              
    Glucose,
    Glycogen

    c.              
    Insulin,
    Glucagon

    d.              
    Insulin,
    Glycogen

    e.              
    Glycogen,
    Glucagon
    a
  53. 53. A four chambered heart has all of the following
    advantages except

    a.      Combining the blood entering the heart from the lungs with that from the
    body provides higher pressure than a three chambered or two chambered heart
    could achieve

    b.     
    Pumps fully oxygenated to the
    body systems

    c.      Pumps high
    pressure blood to the body systems

    d.     
    Completely separates oxygenated
    blood from deoxygenated blood

    e.      Both atria pump blood together into the ventricles and both ventricles
    pump blood together into the largest arteries
    a
  54. 54. Which
    is true of atherosclerosis?

    a.              
    It is linked
    to a diet high in transfats and saturated fats

    b.              
    It is linked
    to genetic factors

    c.              
    It typically
    results in high blood pressure

    d.              
    It typically
    results in high total cholesterol

    e.              
    All of these are true
    e
  55. 55. Imbalances of the hormones mentioned in the question above can cause

    a.              
    Abnormal
    blood glucose levels

    b.              
    Hyperglycemia

    c.              
    Hypoglycemia

    d.              
    Diabetes

    e.              
    All of these
    e
  56. 56. Which vitamin is mismatched with a deficiency disease?

    a.              
    Vitamin D -
    osteoporosis

    b.              
    Vitamin E -
    anemia

    c.              
    Vitamin A -
    blindness

    d.              
    Vitamin B -
    beriberi

    e.              
    Vitamin C -
    scurvy
    b
  57. 57. Most food digestion occurs in
    the , most food absorption occurs in the  and most water

    absorption occurs in the  a. Duodenum,
    Ileum, Jejunum






















    b.              
    Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileurn

    c.              
    Ileum,
    Duodenum, Jejunum

    d.              
    Jejunum,
    Duodenum, Ileum

    e.              
    Jejunum,
    Ileum, Duodenum
    b
  58. 58. Which food and breakdown product is mismatched?

    a.              
    Fat - fatty
    acid

    b.              
    Carbohydrate
    - monosaccharide

    c.              
    Protein -
    amino acid

    d.              
    Oil - nucleic
    acid

    e.              
    All of these
    are matched correctly
    d
  59. 59. Which of the following foods contains the
    most  energy per ounce?

    a.              
    Minerals

    b.              
    Carbohydrates

    c.              
    Lipids

    d.              
    Protein

    e.              
    Vitamins
    c
  60. 60. Which of the following do kidneys not do?

    a.              
    Regulate
    blood pH

    b.              
    Remove urea
    from blood

    c.              
    Regulate the
    amount of water in the blood vessels

    d.              
    Regulate the
    amount salt in the blood vessels

    e.              
    Remove excess
    phosphates from the blood
    e
  61. 61.
    Red blood cells , white blood . and platelets

    a.              
    Carry oxygen,
    Are involved in blood clotting, Perform immune functions

    b.              
    Perform
    immune functions, Are involved in blood clotting, Carry oxygen

    c.              
    Carry oxygen,
    Perform immune functions, Are involved in blood clotting

    d.              
    Perform
    immune functions, Carry oxygen, Are involved in blood clotting

    e.              
    Are involved
    in blood clotting, Perform immune functions, Carry oxygen
    c
  62. 62. A contraction of smooth muscle that mixes food with enzymes, but
    does not push it along is called

    a.              
    Secretion

    b.              
    Postpartition

    c.              
    Segmentation

    d.              
    Peristalsis

    e.              
    Deglutition
    c
  63. 63. Blood transports all of these except

    a.              
    Antibodies

    b.              
    Oxygen

    c.              
    Glucose

    d.              
    Urea

    e.              
    Blood
    transports all of these
    e
  64. 64. Chewing food is , swallowing food is  breaking food down is  and transferring the

    food into the blood stream is called

    a.              
    Deglutition,
    Digestion, Absorption, Mastication

    b.              
    Mastication,
    Deglutition, Digestion, Absorption

    c.              
    Deglutition,
    Digestion, Absorption, Mastication

    d.              
    Mastication,
    Digestion, Absorption, Deglutition

    e.              
    Deglutition,
    Digestion, Absorption, Mastication
    b
  65. 65. Which enzyme and substrate is mismached?

    a.              
    Chymotrypsin
    - Protein

    b.              
    Amylase -
    Starch

    c.              
    Pepsin -
    Protein

    d.              
    Lipase - Fats

    e.              
    Lactase -
    Oils
    e
  66. 66. Which is not true of breathing?

    a.      Basic breathing rhythm is set by the rhythmicity center
    in the medulla

    b.     
    Increasing levels of carbon
    dioxide lower pH which stimulates a faster breathing rate.

    c.     
    The Pons
    contains the Pneumotaxic center which speeds up breathing

    d.     
    The Pons
    contains the Apneustic center which slows down breathing

    e.     
    All of these
    are true of breathing
    e
  67. 67. When proteins (amino acids) are broken down in the body, a
    nitrogenous waste product that is produced is

    a.      Uric acid

    b.     
    Urea

    c.      Nitrogen gas

    d.       
    Hydrogen cyanide (1404)

    e.       
    Hydrochloric acid
    b
  68. 68. The kidney does not


    a.                
    Regulate
    water balance

    b.                
    Regulate salt
    balance

    c.                
    Regulate
    nitrogen concentration

    d.                
    Maintain the
    proper p14

    e.                
    Get rid of nitrogenous waste
    c
  69. 69. Which is not true of veins?

    a.              
    They contain
    deoxygenated blood

    b.              
    They bring
    blood back to the heart

    c.              
    They have
    thin walls and wide lumens (space inside the vessel)

    d.              
    The have, low
    blood pressure

    e.              
    They have
    valves
    a
  70. 70. The correct
    order of the organs through which urine passes is

    a.              
    urethra -
    kidney - ureter - bladder

    b.              
    kidney -
    ureter - bladder - urethra

    c.              
    bladder -
    urethra = kidney - ureter

    d.              
    bladder -
    ureter - kidney - urethra

    e.              
    kidney -
    urethra .= bladder - ureter
    b
  71. 71.
    The right ventricle receives blood from the via the  valve

    a.              
    left atrium,
    tricuspid atrioventricular

    b.              
    right atrium,
    tricuspid atrioventricular

    c.              
    right atrium,
    bicuspid (mitral) atrioventricuar

    d.              
    left atrium,
    bicuspid (mitral) atrioventricular

    e.              
    right
    ventricle, pulmonary semilunar
    b
  72. 72. The stimulus for breathing is

    a.              
    Increasing
    nitrogen

    b.              
    Increasing carbon dioxide C.
    Increasing oxygen

    d.              
    Decreasing
    carbon dioxide

    e.              
    Decreasing
    oxygen
    b
  73. 73. Blood transports all of these
    except

    a.              
    Calcium

    b.              
    Glucose

    c.              
    Antibodies

    d.              
    Cholesterol

    e.              
    Blood
    transports all of these
    e
  74. 74. Normal gas exchange in the lungs involves releasing from the blood

    a.              
    Carbon
    monoxide

    b.              
    Oxygen

    c.              
    Carbon
    dioxide

    d.              
    Nitrogen

    e.              
    Methane
    c
  75. 75. Which of the following is reabsorbed into the blood in the nephron?

    a.              
    Some of the
    water

    b.         
    , Glucose c:•
    Some of the salt

    d. All of these are reabsorbed into the
    blood in the nephron
    d
  76. 76. The SA node is another name for the

    a.              
    The bundle of
    His

    b.              
    Purkinje
    fibers

    c.              
    heart's pacemaker

    d.              
    Atrioventricular
    (AV) node

    e.              
    Node of
    Ranvier
    c
  77. 77. Heart
    murmurs are caused by

    a.              
    Fat buildup
    on the inside walls of arteries

    b.              
    Faulty valves

    c.              
    Phlebitis

    d.              
    Weak auricles

    e.              
    A heart rate that is too slow (bradycardia)
    b
  78. 78. Which of the following prevents
    choking - food blocking the air passageways?

    a.      Epiglottis
    closing off the opening into the trachea when an individual swallows food

    b.              
    Compression
    of the vocal cords closing off the opening into the trachea

    c.      The suppression of inhalation (inspiration) by the swallowing center that
    is adjacent to the respiratory center in the medulla of the brain

    d.      All of
    these are true
    d
  79. 79. Which two organs regulate the amount of glucose in the blood?

    a.              
    Liver and
    pancreas

    b.              
    Spleen and
    pancreas

    c.              
    Kidney and
    gall bladder

    d.              
    Gall bladder
    and liver

    e.              
    Adrenal and
    thyroid
    a
  80. 80. Which of the following is not part
    of the immune system's defense system

    a.              
    Leukocytes
    (white blood cells)

    b.              
    Antibodies

    c.              
    Phagocytosis

    d.              
    Lymphotoxins

    e.              
    Antigens
    e
  81. 81. Which of the following is filtered out of the
    blood in the nephron?

    a.              
    Glucose

    b.              
    Urea

    c.              
    Water

    d.              
    Salt

    e.              
    All of these
    e
  82. 82. The trachea and bronchioles are lined with

    a.              
    Non-keratinized
    stratified epithelium

    b.              
    Smooth muscle

    c.              
    Ciliated
    epithelium

    d.              
    Alveoli

    e.              
    Cartilage
    c
  83. 83. Which is not
    matched correctly?

    a.              
    Heart murmur
    - failure of the foramen oval to close completely

    b.              
    Myocardial
    infarction (MI)- death of heart cells (heart attack)

    c.              
    Cerebrovascular
    accident (CVA) - stroke

    d.              
    Hypertension
    - high blood pressure

    e.              
    Myocardial
    ischemia - lack of enough oxygen in blood reaching the heart
    a
  84. 84. Put these
    blood vessels that directly attach to the heart in the correct
    order beginning with the blood vessel that carries
    deoxygenated blood to the heart from the body systems:

    1. pulmonary veins 2. pulmonary arteries 3. aorta,
    4. vena cavae

    a.              
    4-2-3-1

    b.              
    1-3-2-4

    c.              
    3-4-2-1

    d.              
    1-2-4-3

    e.              
    4-2-1-3
    e
  85. 85. The
    carry deoxygenated blood away from the heart and the  carry oxygenated
    blood back towards the heart

    a_ Vena cavae, coronary arteries

    b.              
    Coronary
    veins, coronary arteries

    c.              
    Coronary
    arteries, vena cavae

    d.              
    Pulmonary
    arteries, pulmonary veins

    e.              
    Two of the
    above
    d
  86. 86. Which of the following is not part of
    the immune system's
    defense system

    a.              
    Leukocytes
    (white blood cells)

    b.              
    Antibodies

    c.              
    Phagocytosis

    d.              
    Macrophages

    e.              
    Antigens
    e
  87. 87. The universal
    donor is

    a.              
    O-

    b.              
    0+

    c.              
    AB+

    d.              
    AB-

    e.              
    A+
    a
  88. 88. Erythroblastosis fetalis can arise when the mother is Rh  and the fetus is Rh

    a.              
    Negative,
    negative

    b.              
    Negative, positive






















    c. Positive,
    positive

    d. Postive, negative
    b
  89. 89. An extremely
    high white blood cell count indicates

    a.              
    Anemia

    b.              
    Sickle cell
    anemia

    c.              
    Hemophilia

    d.              
    Leukemia

    e.              
    Polycythemia
    d
  90. 90. Plasma proteins involved in body defense are

    a.              
    Clotting
    proteins

    b.              
    Fibrinogens

    c.              
    Immunoglobulins

    d.              
    Albumins

    e.              
    Metalloproteins
    c
  91. 91. Low red
    blood cell counts, low hemoglobins and low
    hematocrits signal

    a.              
    Leukemia

    b.              
    Polycythemia

    c.              
    Hypovolemia

    d.              
    Anemia

    e.              
    Hemophilia
    d
  92. 92. Which is true?

    a.              
    Basophils are
    agranular

    b.              
    Monocytes are
    granular

    c.              
    Eosinophils
    are granular

    d.              
    Lymphocytes
    are granular

    e.              
    Neutrophils
    are agranular
    c
  93. 93. The most common white blood cell is a -e

    a.              
    Neutrophil

    b.              
    Lymphocyte

    c.              
    Monocyte

    d.              
    Eosinophil

    e.              
    Basophil
    a
  94. 94. The type of white blood cell
    that produces antibodies is a

    a.              
    Neutrophil

    b.              
    Lymphocyte

    c.              
    Monocyte

    d.              
    Eosinophil

    e.              
    Basophif
    b
  95. 95. Insufficient
    production of clotting factors is

    a.              
    Erythroblastosis
    fetalis

    b.              
    Hemophilia -

    c.              
    Anemia

    ci..Sickle cell anernid'

    e. Leukemia
    b
  96. 96. A blood parasite that is a protist, that invades RBC, and that is spread by mosquitos is

    a.              
    Leukemia

    b.              
    Malaria

    c.              
    African
    sleeping_ sickness

    d.              
    Anemia

    e.              
    Gonorrhoea
    b
  97. 97. Anemia  can be
    caused by

    a.              
    Lack of iron

    b.              
    Lack of
    vitamin B12

    c.              
    Lack of
    niacin

    d.              
    Blood loss

    e.              
    All of these
    e
  98. 98. The P wave of an electrocardiogram indicates

    a.              
    Atrial
    Depolarization

    b.              
    Ventricular
    Depolarization

    c.              
    Atrial
    Repolarization

    d.              
    Ventricular Repolarization





















    e. A delay of between 0.12 and 0.20 seconds
    a
  99. 99. Which is not true of
    atherosclerosis?

    a.     
    It is caused
    by the cross-linkage of elastic fibers and collagen fibers causing a lack of
    flexibility in blood vessels

    b.     
    It is /inked to a diet high in
    transfats and saturated fats

    c.      It is linked to genetic factors

    d.     
    It typically results in high
    blood pressure

    e.     
    It typically results in high
    total cholesterol
    a
  100. 100. Which of the following is normal?




    a.


    142/70




    b.


    132/92




    c.


    160/90




    d.


    120/72




    e.


    100/62
    d
  101. 101. During systole, the

    a.              
    Atria are
    contracting

    b.              
    Ventricles
    are relaxed

    c.              
    AV valves are
    closed

    d.              
    Pressure in
    the ventricles declines

    e.              
    Ventricles
    are filling
    c
  102. 102. Most of the thickness
    of the heart wall is th,e

    a.              
    Parietal
    pericardium

    b.              
    Visceral
    pericardium

    C. Myocardium

    d.              
    Endocardium

    e.              
    Trabeculae
    carnae
    c
  103. 103. Blood travels from the left atrium to the left ventricle through
    the

    valve

    a.              
    Tricuspid

    b.              
    Mitral

    c.              
    Pulmonary

    d.              
    Aortic
    b
  104. 104. The atrioventricular valves are the

    a.              
    aortic and
    pulmonary

    b.              
    aortic and
    bicuspid

    c.              
    pulmonary and
    tricuspid

    d.              
    tricuspid and
    bicuspid

    e.              
    aortic and
    tricuspid
    d
  105. 105. The left
    atrium receives blood from the

    a.              
    Coronary
    arteries

    b.              
    Coronary
    veins

    c.              
    Pulmonary
    arteries

    d.              
    Pulmonary
    veins

    e.              
    Venae cavae
    d
  106. 106. The right atrium receives ,blood from the

    a.              
    Coronary
    arteries

    b.              
    Coronary
    veins

    c.              
    Pulmonary
    arteries

    d.              
    -Pulmonary
    veins

    e.              
    Venae cavae
    e
  107. 107. The pulmonary veins carry

    a.              
    Deoxygenated
    blood towards the lungs

    b.              
    Deoxygenated
    blood towards the heart

    c.              
    Oxygenated
    blood towards the lungs

    d.              
    Oxygenated
    blood towards the heart

    e.              
    None of these
    d
  108. 108. The venae cavae carry

    a.              
    Deoxygenated
    blood towards the lungs

    b.              
    Deoxygenated
    blood towards the heart

    c.              
    Oxygenated
    blood towards the lungs

    d.              
    Oxygenated
    blood towards the heart

    e.              
    None of these
    b
  109. 109. The ductus arteriosis

    a.      Carries blood from the pulmonary trunk to the aorta before birth

    b.              
    Becomes the
    ligament urn arteriosis after birth

    c.              
    Allows the
    blood to bypass the lungs before birth

    d.      Is a way to insure that the oxygenated blood from
    the placenta goes to the systemic circulation of the fetus before birth

    e.      All of these are true
    e
  110. 110. The first heart
    sound, the "Lubb" is the

    a.              
    Start of
    atrial contraction

    b.              
    Start of
    ventricular filling when the semilunar valves close

    c.              
    Closing of
    the atrioventricular valves

    d.              
    Turbulence
    generated at the start of the filling of the atria

    e.              
    Closing of
    the semilunar valves
    c
  111. 111. When fatty
    plaque forms in a coronary vessel and obstructs
    blood flow to the heart, this is called

    a.              
    Coronary
    occlusion

    b.              
    Coronary
    thrombosis

    c.              
    Pulmonary
    embolism

    d.              
    Angina
    pectoris

    e.              
    Myocardial
    infarction
    a
  112. 112. If two people with type AB blood have a child, they cannot have a
    child with type

    a.              
    A

    b.              
    B

    c.              
    AB

    d.         
    0
    d
  113. 113. Complete blockage of the right internal carotid artery would result
    in

    a.              
    Stroke

    b.              
    Heart attack

    c.              
    Pulmonary
    embolism

    d.              
    Pulmonary
    edema

    e.              
    Cerebral
    edema
    a
  114. 114. If there is a depression of the S-T segment on an EKG that indicates

    a.              
    Myocardial
    ischemia

    b.              
    Myocardial
    infarction

    c.              
    A CVA has
    occurred

    d.              
    A CVA is
    imminent

    e.              
    A PVC
    a
  115. 115. A P-R interval of 0.4 seconds (400
    milliseconds) indicates

    a.              
    A PVC

    b.              
    A First
    degree heart block

    c.              
    A Second
    degree heart block

    d.              
    A Complete
    heart i:lock.s

    e.              
    An Atrial
    fibrillation
    b
  116. 116. A P-R interval of 0.1 seconds (100
    milliseconds) indicates

    a.              
    A PVC

    b.              
    A First
    degree heart block

    c.              
    A Second
    degree heart block

    d.              
    A Complete heart block

    e.              
    An Atrial
    _fibrillation
    a
  117. 117. If a patient's blood: pressure is 112/72 and pulse rate
    is 68 bpm, then

    a.              
    112 is the
    diastolic pressure

    b.              
    72 is the
    systolic pressure

    c.              
    Pulse rate is
    normal

    d.              
    Blood
    pressure indicates mild hypertension

    e.              
    All of these
    are true
    c
  118. 118. Which would be appropriate for an 5 foot 8
    inch 18 year old male?

    a.              
    VC of 4200 ml

    b.              
    TV of 1200 ml

    c.              
    TLC of 4200
    ml

    d.              
    RV of 400 ml

    e.              
    All of these are reasonable for the individual
    a
  119. 119. An adult male has a total WBC count of 13,200/cu mm, RBC count of
    5.2 million/cu mm, hemoglobin of 15.5 grams and hematocrit of 47%. He has
    79% neutrophils, 19 lymphocytes, 1 monocyte, and 1 eosinophil. He likely

    a.              
    Is anemic

    b.              
    Has an
    allergic reaction

    c.              
    Has an early
    stage bacterial infection

    d.              
    Has a viral
    infection

    e.              
    Is normal
    c
  120. 120. An adult female has a total WBC count of 9,200/cu mm,
    RBC count of 4.2 million/cu mm, hemoglobin of 11.5 grams and
    hematocrit of 35%. She has 64% neutrophils, 34% lymphocytes, 1 monocyte, and 1
    eosinophil. She likely

    a.              
    Is anemic

    b.              
    Has an
    allergic reaction

    c.              
    Has an early
    stage bacterial infection

    d.              
    Has a viral
    infection

    e.              
    Is normal
    a
  121. 121. A patient's EKG has fast, regular, large waves with a frequency of
    about 150 waves/minute. Likely the patient has

    a.              
    Atrial
    flutter

    b.              
    Atrial
    fibrillation

    c.              
    Ventricular
    tachycardia

    d.              
    Ventricular
    fibrillation

    e.              
    Second
    degree AV block
    c
  122. 122. A patient's EKG has fast,
    irregular, small waves with a frequency of about 350 waves/minute. Likely the
    patient has

    a.              
    Atrial
    flutter

    b.              
    Atrial
    fibrillation

    c.              
    Ventricular
    tachycardia

    d.              
    Ventricular
    fibrillation

    e.              
    Second degree
    AV block
    d
  123. 123. A patient's EKG has 2 P waves before every QRS wave
    and the QRS wave is assymetrical and broad at the base. Likely
    this patient has

    a.              
    Atrial
    flutter

    b.              
    Atrial
    fibrillation

    c.              
    Ventricular
    tachycardia

    d.              
    Ventricular
    fibrillation

    e.              
    Second
    degree AV block
    e
  124. 124. A patient's EKG has obvious QRS waves, though they
    are broad at the base and assymetrical. In place of the normal P waves
    are small, irregular waves of about 150 bpm. Likely this patient has

    a.              
    Atrial
    flutter

    b.              
    Atrial
    fibrillation

    c.              
    Ventricular tachycardia -f

    d.              
    Ventricular
    fibrillation

    e.              
    Second degree
    ,heart block
    b
  125. 125. An 8
    year old boy has a total WBC count of 10,200/cu mm, RBC count of 4.4 million/cu
    mm, hemoglobin of 11.5 grams and hematocrit of 35%. He
    has 41% neutrophits, 57% lymphocytes, and 2 monocytes. He likely

    a.              
    Is anemic

    b.              
    Has an
    allergic reaction

    c.              
    Has an early
    stage bacterial infection

    d.              
    Has a viral
    infection

    e.              
    Is normal
    e
  126. 126. Which lung disease is always the result of a bacterial infection?

    a.              
    Pneumonia

    b.              
    High altitude
    pulmonary edema

    c.              
    Lung cancer

    d.              
    Emphysema

    e.              
    Tuberculosis
    e
  127. 127. An adult female has trouble
    breathing. She has a total WBC count of 11,200/cu mm, RBC count of 4.8
    million/cu mm, hemoglobin of 13.5 grams and hematocrit of 41%. She has 60%
    neutrophils, 31% Lymphocytes, 1 monocyte, and 8 eosinophils. She likely

    a.              
    Is anemic

    b.              
    Has an
    allergic reaction

    c.              
    Has an early stage bacterial
    infection






















    d.              
    Has a viral infection

    e.              
    Is normal
    b
  128. 128. Which pathogen attacks t-lymphocytes?

    a.              
    Malaria

    b.              
    African
    sleeping sickness

    c.              
    HIV virus

    d.              
    Gonorrhoea
    bacterium

    e.              
    Syphilis
    bacterium
    c
  129. 129. Which is the only pathogen that can be seen
    intracellularly in WBC of the blood?

    a.              
    Malaria

    b.              
    African
    sleeping sickness

    c.              
    HIV virus

    d.              
    Gonorrhoea
    bacterium

    e.              
    Syphilis
    bacterium
    d
  130. 130. Which is the only pathogen that can be seen intracellularly in RBC
    of the blood?

    a.              
    Malaria

    b.              
    African
    sleeping sickness

    c.              
    HIV virus

    d.              
    Gonorrhoea
    bacterium

    e.              
    Syphilis
    bacterium
    a
  131. 131. A disease caused by the expansion of nitrogen gas bubbles that put
    pressure on the brain and spinal cord is

    a.              
    HAPE

    b.              
    HACE

    c.              
    Nitrogen
    narcosis

    d.              
    DCS

    e.              
    CVA
    c
  132. 132. A disease caused by the leakage of frothy, pinkish,
    tissue facture into the lung alveoli making it increasingly difficult for the
    individual to get oxygen is

    a.              
    HAPE

    b.              
    HACE

    c.              
    Nitrogen
    narcosis

    d.              
    DCS

    e.              
    CVA
    a
  133. 133. Particulate matter causes degeneration of lung
    alveoli so that they lose their normal polygonal shape and the individual
    has loss of his/her residual volume. This chronic disease is

    a.              
    Lung cancer

    b.              
    Emphysema

    c.              
    Pneumonia

    d.              
    Tuberculosis

    e.              
    HACE
    b
  134. 134. Whichrof the following does not supply blood to the
    heart?

    a. Coronary sinus

    b.              
    Circumflex
    branch of the LCA

    c.              
    Anterior
    branch of the LCA

    d.              
    RCA
    a
  135. 135. The hormone that stimulates the production of gastric juice is

    a.              
    Secretin

    b.              
    Entirogastrone

    c.              
    Cholescystokinin

    d.              
    Gastrin

    e.              
    Pepsin
    d
  136. 136. The hormone that causes acts upon the kidney to stimulate the
    reabsorption of more water is

    a.              
    ADH

    b.              
    Aldosterone

    c.              
    Hydrocortisone

    d.              
       Insulin

    e.              
    erythropoetin
    a
  137. 137. The hormone that causes acts upon the kidney to control the
    reabsorption of sodium and other electrolytes is

    a.              
    ADH

    b.              
    Aldosterone





















    c.              
    Hydrocortisone

    d.              
    Insulin

    e.              
    Erythropoietin
    b
  138. 138. Which is mismatched?

    a.              
    Blood glucose
    of 250 mgm% - hyperglycemia

    b.              
    Total cholesterol of 350 gmicil - atherosclerosis

    c.              
    Total protein
    of 2 gracli - liver disease

    d.              
    Blood urea
    nitrogen of 112 gm/d1 - kidney disease

    e.              
    All are
    matched correctly
    e
  139. 139.
    A 63 year old male has severe pain in his abdomen and lower back on the left
    side. An x-ray shows a radio-opaque structure in the left ureter. He probably

    a.              
    Has
    prostatitis

    b.              
    Has prostate
    cancer

    c.              
    Has a gall
    stone

    d.              
    Has a kidney
    stone

    e.              
    Has
    appendicitis
    d
  140. 140. At high altitude there is less oxygen in the air.
    Therefore an individual who has quickly ascended to 8000 feet (2500 meters)
    would

    a.              
    Have a higher
    respiratory rate

    b.              
    Have a higher
    heart rate

    c.              
    Have a
    greater stroke volume of the heart

    d.              
    Over a period
    of days produce more R131 and a higher hemoglobin level

    e.              
    All of these
    would occur
    e
  141. 141. If a diver displays symptoms of decompression sickness (DCS) the appropriate treatment would be given
    oxygen and

    a.      The diver
    would be put into a hypobaric chamber, thus lowering the pressure on the body
    and allowing nitrogen gas bubbles to dissipate

    b.      The diver
    would be put into a hypdrbaric chamber, thus lowering the pressure on the body and
    allowing nitrogen gas bubbles to dissipate

    c.      The diver would be put into a hypobaric chamber, thus increasing the
    pressure on the body and shrinking the nitrogen gas bubbles

    d.      The diver would be put into a hyperbaric chamber, thus increasing the
    pressure on the body and shrinking the nitrogen gas bubbles
    d
  142. 142. The amount of air you are moving through your
    lungs right now is the

    a.              
    RV

    b.         
    TV

    c.         
    VC d. TLC

    e.
    IRV
    b
  143. 143. The maximum amount of air you can exhale after taking in the
    biggest breath you can is the

    a.              
    RV

    b.         
    TV C. VC

    d. TLC

    e  IRV
    c
  144. 144. The volume of air that you cannot exhale is the

    a.              
    RV

    b.              
    TV

    c.              
    VC

    d.              
    TLC

    e.              
    IRV
    a
  145. 145. If you add the Vital Capacity to the Residual Volume you would get
    the

    a.              
    RV

    b.         
    TV C. VC

    d.              
    TLC

    e.              
    IRV
    d
  146. 146. Lung capacity is determined by

    a.              
    Age

    b.              
    Sex

    c.              
    Size

    d.              
    Whether or not an individual smokes

    e.              
    All of these
    e

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview