Psychology 100 Ch. 11
Card Set Information
Psychology 100 Ch. 11
Stress, Health, and Human Flourishing
Definition of Stress
The process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging.
Definition of General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)
Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three phases- alarm, resistance, exhaustion.
Definition of Tend and Befriend
Under stress, people (especially women) often provide support to others (tend) and bond with and seek support from others.
Definition of Health Psychology
A subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine.
Definition of Psychoneuroimmunology
The study of how psychological, neural, and endocrine processes together affect the immune system and resulting health.
Definition of Coronary Heart Disease
The clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries.
Competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people.
Easygoing, and relaxed people.
Definition of Catharsis
In psychology, the idea that "releasing" aggressive energy (through action or fantasy) relieves aggressive urges.
Definition of Coping
Alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods.
Definition of Problem-Focused Coping
Attempting to alleviate stress directly- by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor.
Attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction.
The hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human learns when unable to avoid repeated aversive events.
External Locus of Control
The perception that chance or outside forces beyond our personal control determine our fate.
Internal Locus of Control
The perception that you control your own fate.
The ability to control impulses and delay short-term gratification for greater long-term rewards.
Sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety.
Feel-good, do-good phenomenon
People's tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood.
The scientific study of optimal human functioning; aims to discover and promote strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to flourish.
Self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with life. Used along with measures of objective well-being (for example, physical and economic indicators) to evaluate people's quality of life.
Our tendency to form judgements (of sounds, of lights, or income) relative to neutral level defined by our prior experience.
The perception that one is worse off relative to those with whom one compares oneself.