Psychology 100 Ch. 11

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Crispy
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246811
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Psychology 100 Ch. 11
Updated:
2013-11-14 00:20:05
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Psychology
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Stress, Health, and Human Flourishing
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  1. Definition of Stress
    The process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging.
  2. Definition of General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)
    Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three phases- alarm, resistance, exhaustion.
  3. Definition of Tend and Befriend
    Under stress, people (especially women) often provide support to others (tend) and bond with and seek support from others.
  4. Definition of Health Psychology
    A subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine.
  5. Definition of Psychoneuroimmunology
    The study of how psychological, neural, and endocrine processes together affect the immune system and resulting health.
  6. Definition of Coronary Heart Disease
    The clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries.
  7. Type A
    Competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people.
  8. Type B
    Easygoing, and relaxed people.
  9. Definition of Catharsis
    In psychology, the idea that "releasing" aggressive energy (through action or fantasy) relieves aggressive urges.
  10. Definition of Coping
    Alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods.
  11. Definition of Problem-Focused Coping
    Attempting to alleviate stress directly- by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor.
  12. Emotional-Focused Coping
    Attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction.
  13. Learned Helplessness
    The hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human learns when unable to avoid repeated aversive events.
  14. External Locus of Control
    The perception that chance or outside forces beyond our personal control determine our fate.
  15. Internal Locus of Control
    The perception that you control your own fate.
  16. Self-Control
    The ability to control impulses and delay short-term gratification for greater long-term rewards.
  17. Aerobic Exercise
    Sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety.
  18. Feel-good, do-good phenomenon
    People's tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood.
  19. Positive Psychology
    The scientific study of optimal human functioning; aims to discover and promote strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to flourish.
  20. Subjective Well-Being
    Self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with life. Used along with measures of objective well-being (for example, physical and economic indicators) to evaluate people's quality of life.
  21. Adaptation-Level Phenomenon
    Our tendency to form judgements (of sounds, of lights, or income) relative to neutral level defined by our prior experience.
  22. Relative Deprivation
    The perception that one is worse off relative to those with whom one compares oneself.

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