Exam 5

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Exam 5
2013-11-14 02:22:19

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  1. This composer encountered gamelan music from Indonesia while attending the International Exhibition in Paris (1889) and his music began to reflect the style of gamelan music: ostinatos, static harmonies, the type of scales, and shimmering timbres.
  2. Select the answer that fits the term “parallel motion.”
    When all four notes of each chord consistently move. All parts move together, locked in step, in the same direction.
  3. What is the term for a scale in which half-steps are omitted?
    Whole-tone scale
  4. Which culture especially delighted composers at the turn of the twentieth century?
    The Far East-China
  5. Identify the composition featuring a rhythmic ostinato that repeats throughout the entire work?
    Ravel’s Bolera
  6. Which term describes sounds drawn from outside the traditional Western European musical experience?
    Musical Exoticism
  7. What is the term that describes when a pianist plays—usually with a fist or forearm—a dissonant sounding of several pitches, each only a half step away from the other, in a densely packed chord?
    Tone Cluster
  8. As a young man, this composer came to the attention of Sergei Diaghilev, who made him the principal composer of the Ballets russe.  His three most important ballets, The Firebird, Petrushka, and The Rite of Spring brought him international fame.
  9. Music without a key center is considered:
    Atonal Music
  10. This composition was written using the twelve-tone method:
    Schoenberg’s Trio from Suite for Piano
  11. This composer’s relationship with the Soviet government was ever-changing; during the 1930s-1940s he was the most popular composer of Russian high art music and his spirit of resistance to Nazi Germany won him the Stalin Medal for service to the state.  He was denounced as “formalistic” twice, which caused him to hide his most progressive scores, although his international reputation gave him a measure of protection from exile or execution.
  12. This Hungarian composer attended the Academy of Music in Budapest rather than the venerable (and German-oriented) Vienna Conservatory, where he studied composition and piano, and soon developed an international reputation as a concert pianist and composer.
  13. __________ decided against earning a livelihood in music and instead pursued a successful career in business, only composing after working hours.  He founded a company with a friend in 1907, which eventually became the largest insurance company in the United States and made him a very wealthy man.
  14. What is the term for art or music made up of disparate materials taken from very different places?
    Collage Art
  15. This composer was born in Brooklyn, New York, and after receiving a rudimentary musical education in New York City he/she sailed for Paris to broaden his/her artistic horizons.  After three years, he/she returned to the U. S., determined to compose a distinctly American style of music.
  16. This composer became the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize in music in 1983 and later the first individual to occupy the newly created Composer’s Chair at Carnegie Hall.  Royalties and commissions enable this composer to devote time exclusively to composition, unencumbered by teaching.
  17. Some of his early compositions were consumed by an accidental fire, and symbolizing his break with the past, he destroyed his remaining early works; his first work written in the U. S., Amériques, included a battery of new percussion instruments (e.g., sirens and sleigh bells).
  18. What is the term for music in which the composer works directly with sounds recorded on magnetic tape, not with musical notation and performers?
    Electronic Music
  19. Which response does not apply to the “prepared piano”?
    In a Prepared Piano objects inserted into and on the strings, radically alters the timbre, and becomes a percussion instrument.
  20. Which composition consists of nothing but background noise?
    John Cage’s 4’33’
  21. This style of modern music takes a very small amount of musical material and repeats it over and over to form a composition.
  22. Know about Phillip Glass.
    He was the most influential minimalist composer. He wrote Einstein on the Beach, it was his first and longest opera. The opera took 5 hours to perform
  23. An advocate for what has come to be called “chance music,” this composer felt it was unnecessary for music to develop, climax, or be goal-oriented.  One composition consisted of amplifying and broadcasting the sounds resulting from chopping vegetables, grinding them up, and drinking the juice.
  24. This compositional method involves an element of unpredictability (rolling dice, choosing cards, etc.) or whimsy on the part of the performers.  It is especially popular with avant-garde composers.
    Chance Music
  25. Identify the term that describes when a performer extracts a small portion of pre-recorded music and then mechanically repeats it over and over as a musical backdrop to the text of a song.  This often occurs in rap music.
  26. Which movement is characterized by the following ideas: art is not for the elite, but for all; all art is of equal potential, so there is no “high” or “low” art; the art of one individual or culture is as important as the next.
  27. This famous composition was played at President Obama’s Inauguration:
    Simple Gifts by Aaron Copland
  28. The simultaneous sounding of two keys or tonalities is known as:
  29. __________ decided against earning a livelihood in music and instead pursued a successful career in business, only composing after working hours.  He founded a company with a friend in 1907, which eventually became the largest insurance company in the United States and made him a very wealthy man.
  30. Which term denotes a light musical interlude intended to separate and thus break the mood of two more serious, surrounding movements or operatic acts or scenes?
  31. Life under Communism was not easy for this composer: his works were strictly controlled, performances of his music were banned in 1948, and he was forced to renounce “formalism” to avoid arrest.  Not surprisingly, his musical output eventually dwindled to nothing, and he died on the same night as his nemesis, Josef Stalin.
  32. Compositions that place such elements as pitch, timbre, rhythm, and dynamics in a fixed order is called:
    Serial music
  33. Gesamtkunstwerk
    literally meaning “total art work,” describes the unification of all the arts (poetry, music, acting, set design, etc.) for a single dramatic purpose.
  34. Sprechstimme
    Created by Schoenberg to express his inner anxiety. It is a vocal technique that requires the vocalist to declaim the text more then to sing it. This technique is used in Pierrot Lunaire.
  35. Which composer is associated with the terms atonal music, Sprechstimme, Expressionism, and twelve-tone composition?
  36. What process is used to construct a disjunct melodic line by placing the next note up or down an octave?
    Octave displacement
  37. An artistic style that dislocates reality into geometrical blocks and planes is known as:
  38. Which composer wrote operas based on non-European subjects?
    Giacomo Puccini
  39. This composer spent almost his entire life in Paris, earning a modest living as a music teacher and composer.  He traveled to the United States in 1928, however, playing concerts in twenty-five cities and earning enough money to make him financially secure for the remainder of his life.
  40. The nineteenth-century vogue for the art objects and fashions of China is known as:
  41. Identify the term that describes a group of poets who used words to evoke impressions rather than express literal meaning.
    The Symbolists
  42. The term “Impressionism” was first associated with which particular art form?
  43. Identify the group of Impressionist composers.
    Debussy, Ravel, and Faure.
  44. Identify the style trait that is not typical of modern music?
     Aesthetic Disjunction, anxiety, and hysteria Radical experimentation Rejected German Romanticism Distortion Increasing rift between composer and a

    Melody Chromatic and dissonant Angular Wide-ranging lines Fragmented  Octave displacement Avoids simple intervals for more d

    Harmony Dissonance  No need to resolve to consonance Can move to another dissonance Tone cluster Polytonality: two tonal centers sound simultaneously Atonality: no audible tonal center