Theories of Personality for Ch. 10

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Theories of Personality for Ch. 10
2013-11-14 15:08:07
personality psychology theories vocab

Vocab for test 4
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  1. Actual self
    the personal physically and metally as he or she actually exists, independent of anyone's perceptions.
  2. Aggressive rightness
    A personality disposition to use aggressive acts to actualize the ideal self image.
  3. Basic anxiety
    A child's all-pervasive sense of being lonely and helpless in a hostile world.
  4. Compliant type
    A neurotic's  trend to be in harmony with others and to avoid friction. Compliance may mask a strong inner need to complete, excel, or dominate.
  5. Cyncism
    The secondary neurotic defense technique through which  the individual adopts a cynical stance toward life and society's traditional moral and ethical values. By believing in nothing in particular. The person avoids hurt or disappointment by others.
  6. Detached type
    A personality disposition to move away from others in defensive ways to protect self image and esteem.
  7. Externalization
    The secondary neurotic defense technique by which the individual shifts his "center of gravity" from self to others. Other people become the center of all of the neurotic emotional life; one focuses not what one thinks or feels but on thoughts and feelings of others.
  8. Moving against people
    An expansive solution to the core neurtoic conflict. The person handls the neurotic conflict by adopting an aggressive approach, which includes the tendency toward mastery and control, to dominate and exploit others.  such a person is viewed as an aggressive type.
  9. Moving away from people
    The adoption of a protective solution of resignation to the core neurotic conflict. Such an approach includes the tendency to become detached from home affairs and resigned to an emotionally flat life. Such a person is perceived as a detached type.
  10. Moving toward people
    A self-effacing solution to the core neurtoic conflict. The person identifies with the despised real self. Horney described such an individual as a complaint type.
  11. Neurotic needs
    Rigid compulsive, and indiscrimnant striving to predict, control, and survive a hostile world.
  12. Neurotic trends
    Strategies designed to overcome the fears, helplessness, and sense of isolation experienced by the neurotic person.
  13. Tyranny of the should
    Domination by an often unrealistic view of what one should.
  14. Real self
    In Horney's later theorizing, the essential core of a person's being and very center of existence. the real self contains all the potential for growth and health, including "the ability to tap  his special capacities of gifts he may have; the faculty to express himself, and to relate to others with his spontaneous feelings."