Tactics and Strategies
Card Set Information
Tactics and Strategies
NFPA for NIMS?
Are essential to good decision making?
What are the 3 command options?
Allow ops to continue while IC devolops Incident Action Plan.
_______ is critical to firefighter safety
Strong Command Presence
_________ cannot be delegated, but ____can be delegated
Responsibility cannot be delegated, but authority can be delegated.
Span of control (Tactics Book)
3-7, 5 rule of thumb
Apparatus without staffing are
Out of service and not staged
Always staffed in NIMS?
Incident Safety Officer
Public Information Officer
Used when jurisdictional boundaries are crossed?
Deciding the proper course of action with limited information in a relatively short period of time?
Recognition primed decision making (RPD)
Decisions made within the time and information constraints?
Rational decision making
What is the difference between a division and a group?
A division is in charge of a geographical area. A group is in charge of a function.
Can be used in place of divisions and groups but are not recommended as a way to initially reduce the span of control?
What are two other ways to reduce the span of control and what is the difference between the two?
Strike team and task force.
A strike team must be the same resource type while a task force can be a combination of resources.
_________ are more flexible and likely to be formed at the incident.
Operations section is capable of controlling ___ companies with a span of control of 5 to 1. At 7 to 1 span of control, a total of ____ companies can be controlled.
Use ___ rather than ___ assignments whenever possible to improve communications.
geographic rather than functional
Same type of resources; used to organize large number of mutual aid companies
Different resources; more likely to be formed at the incident
For operations beyond the span of control of a single division or group
______ is the first step in size up. ______ is the second step.
Establishing SOPs is the first step
Pre-incident planning is the second step
What is crucial for effective strategies and Incident action plan
NFPA for Preplans
Three types of pre-plans:
Complex- 3 or more buildings
Formal- large loss of life or property
Notation- Special risks to firefighters
Hazardous Materials Planning mandated by___
Title 3 of SARA
Important considerations in pre-plans
Type, Age, and current usage
1 1/2 times the height of the building
One person is designated as the overall IC
Pramary factors for size-up are related to?
Two types of wood frame construction:
Balloon-frame and Platform
NFPA ___ BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Types of Construction:
: Fire Resistive
: Heavy Timber
Types of Occupancies: NFPA
Process of weighing risks against benefits?
Time from ignition to flashover varies depending on?
Load, ventilation, and compartments size
The area between a ___ and ___- is a common concealed space for fire to hide
Suspended ceiling and the roof-ceiling
Maintaining company unity improves ___ and ___
Safety and accountablity
____ is one of the ICs most important tactical considerations>
____ is a stationary position
Cause of nearly half of the FF on duty deaths
Sudden cardiac arrest
NFPA ___ : an additional EMS unit should be assisgned to rehab
___ % of injuries are on ____, _____% are ___and___
sprains and strains
Most importanat element of incident safety is:
Applying risk management to fire ground operations
Most critical floors in a high rise fire
fire floor and floor above
Outstanding structural stability, low fire extension and fuel contribution
Poor structural stability, avg to high extension and high fuel
Poor stryctural stability, avg fire extension and low fuel contriution
Average structural stability, avg fire extension and avg fuel contribution
Main objective in a sprinklered building
Support and evacuate
5 types of standpipes
NFPA _ STANDPIPES
The Laws of Hydraulics tells us that there is a ____psi back pressure for every 1 foot of elevation. A 60 story high-rise with 10' floors will yeile a back pressure of ___
NFPD ___ standard for inspection, care, and use of fire hose couplings, nozzles, and the fire service tracking of hose, requires that 2 1/2" and 3" hose be tested at___
Royer Nelson formula:
Volume of area/100
US National Fire Academy Formula
Area in square feet/3; A/3
Handlines can generate a flow of up to ___gpm
Friction Loss Table:
1 3/4"= 26@150gpm, 70@250gpm, and 350=NR
2 1/2"= 6@150GPM, 15@250GPM, and 28@350gpm
Standpipe outlets with residual pressure exceeding ___ or static pressure exceeding ___ should be equiped with a pressure reducer valve.
Building requiring a rate of flow greater than 2 standard preconnects should be pre-planned using ___, except when large fuel load
Back up lines should be ___
at lease the size of initial lines
Property conservation is limited to ___
NFPA ___ Life safety code
MOST EXTERIOR DEFINSIVE FIRE CONTRL TOOLS ARE INAFFECTIVE ABOVE ____
The vertical air flow within a building caused by temperature differences between the interior and exterior
If danger from falling glass, a ___ perimeter should be established.
NFPA ___ Building construction and safety code