Tactics and Strategies

The flashcards below were created by user drankin1972 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. NFPA for NIMS?
  2. Are essential to good decision making?
    Good communications
  3. What are the 3 command options?
    • Investigation
    • Fast Attack
    • Command
  4. Allow ops to continue while IC devolops Incident Action Plan.
  5. _______ is critical to firefighter safety
    Strong Command Presence
  6. _________ cannot be delegated, but ____can be delegated
    Responsibility cannot be delegated, but authority can be delegated.
  7. Span of control (Tactics Book)
    3-7, 5 rule of thumb
  8. Apparatus without staffing are
    Out of service and not staged
  9. Always staffed in NIMS?
    Incident Commander
  10. Command Staff
    • Incident Safety Officer
    • Liaison Officer
    • Public Information Officer
  11. Used when jurisdictional boundaries are crossed?
    Unified Command
  12. Deciding the proper course of action with limited information in a relatively short period of time?
    Recognition primed decision making (RPD)
  13. Decisions made within the time and information constraints?
    Rational decision making
  14. What is the difference between a division and a group?
    A division is in charge of a geographical area. A group is in charge of a function.
  15. Can be used in place of divisions and groups but are not recommended as a way to initially reduce the span of control?
  16. What are two other ways to reduce the span of control and what is the difference between the two?
    • Strike team and task force. 
    • A strike team must be the same resource type while a task force can be a combination of resources.
  17. _________ are more flexible and likely to be formed at the incident.
    Task force
  18. Operations section is capable of controlling ___ companies with a span of control of 5 to 1. At 7 to 1 span of control, a total of ____ companies can be controlled.
    • 625
    • 2401
  19. Use ___ rather than ___ assignments whenever possible to improve communications.
    geographic rather than functional
  20. Same type of resources; used to organize large number of mutual aid companies
    Strike Teams
  21. Different resources; more likely to be formed at the incident
    Task Force
  22. For operations beyond the span of control of a single division or group
  23. ______ is the first step in size up. ______ is the second step.
    • Establishing SOPs is the first step
    • Pre-incident planning is the second step
  24. What is crucial for effective strategies and Incident action plan
    Proper size-up
  25. NFPA for Preplans
    NFPA 1620
  26. Three types of pre-plans:
    • Complex- 3 or more buildings
    • Formal- large loss of life or property
    • Notation- Special risks to firefighters
  27. Hazardous Materials Planning mandated by___
    Title 3 of SARA
  28. Important considerations in pre-plans
    Type, Age, and current usage
  29. Collapse zone=
    1 1/2 times the height of the building
  30. One person is designated as the overall IC
    Single Command
  31. Pramary factors for size-up are related to?
    Life Safety
  32. Two types of wood frame construction:
    Balloon-frame and Platform
  34. Types of Construction:
    • Type 1: Fire Resistive
    • Tyoe 2: Non-combustable
    • Type 3: Ordinary
    • Type 4: Heavy Timber
    • Type 5: Wood
  35. Types of Occupancies: NFPA
    • 1) High-hazard
    • 2) Medium-hazard
    • 3) Low-hazard
    • 4) Rural
  36. Process of weighing risks against benefits?
    Risk-vs-benefit analysis
  37. Time from ignition to flashover varies depending on?
    Load, ventilation, and compartments size
  38. The area between a ___ and ___- is a common concealed space for fire to hide
    Suspended ceiling and the roof-ceiling
  39. Maintaining company unity improves ___ and ___
    Safety and accountablity
  40. ____ is one of the ICs most important tactical considerations>
  41. ____ is a stationary position
  42. Cause of nearly half of the FF on duty deaths
    Sudden cardiac arrest
  43. NFPA ___ : an additional EMS unit should be assisgned to rehab
  44. ___ % of injuries are on ____, _____% are ___and___
    • 50%
    • 50%
    • sprains and strains
  45. Most importanat element of incident safety is:
    Applying risk management to fire ground operations
  46. Most critical floors in a high rise fire
    fire floor and floor above
  47. Outstanding structural stability, low fire extension and fuel contribution
    Type 1
  48. Poor structural stability, avg to high extension and high fuel
    Type 4
  49. Poor stryctural stability, avg fire extension and low fuel contriution
    Type 2
  50. Average structural stability, avg fire extension and avg fuel contribution
    Type 3
  51. Main objective in a sprinklered building
    Support and evacuate
  52. 5 types of standpipes
    • Automatic wet
    • Automatic Dry
    • Semi-automatic dry
    • Manual Wet
    • Manual Dry
  54. The Laws of Hydraulics tells us that there is a ____psi back pressure for every 1 foot of elevation. A 60 story high-rise with 10' floors will yeile a back pressure of ___
    • .434
    • 260
  55. NFPD ___ standard for inspection, care, and use of fire hose couplings, nozzles, and the fire service tracking of hose, requires that 2 1/2" and 3" hose be tested at___
    • 1962
    • 300psi
  56. Royer Nelson formula:
    • Volume of area/100
    • V/100
  57. US National Fire Academy Formula
    Area in square feet/3; A/3
  58. Handlines can generate a flow of up to ___gpm
  59. Friction Loss Table:
    1 3/4"= 26@150gpm, 70@250gpm, and 350=NR

    2 1/2"= 6@150GPM, 15@250GPM, and 28@350gpm
  60. Standpipe outlets with residual pressure exceeding ___ or static pressure exceeding ___ should be equiped with a pressure reducer valve.
    • 100
    • 175
  61. Building requiring a rate of flow greater than 2 standard preconnects should be pre-planned using ___, except when large fuel load
  62. Back up lines should be ___
    at lease the size of initial lines
  63. Property conservation is limited to ___
    offensive attacks
  64. NFPA ___ Life safety code
  66. The vertical air flow within a building caused by temperature differences between the interior and exterior
    Stack effect
  67. If danger from falling glass, a ___ perimeter should be established.
  68. NFPA ___ Building construction and safety code
Card Set:
Tactics and Strategies
2014-10-06 20:14:12
Fire Department

Show Answers: