muscles

Card Set Information

Author:
Gosia
ID:
246942
Filename:
muscles
Updated:
2013-11-15 13:10:53
Tags:
origin insertion action
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Description:
Lower leg thigh hip
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  1. Flexor hallucis longus
    • A: Lower two thirds of posterior surface of fibula and interossous mambrane
    • I: Distal phalanx of big toe
    • A: Flexes the great toe, helps plantar flex and inverts the foot. Helps stabilise inside of ankle
  2. Flexor digitorum longus
    • O: Medial part of posterior surface of tibia
    • I: base of distal phalanges of 2nd to 5th metatarsals
    • A: Flexes toes, helps plantar flex and inverts the foot
  3. Tibialis posterior
    • O: Posterior surface of tibia and fibula and interosseus membrane
    • I: base of tarsal bones and 2nd to 4th metatarsals
    • A:  Inverts and Plantar flexes
  4. Soleus
    • O: Upper posterior surface of tibia and fibula
    • I: Via achilles tendon to the calcaneus.
    • A: Plantar flexes the ankle;
  5. Gastrocnemius
    • O: Medial and lateral femoral codoyle
    • I: Via achilles tendon to the calcaneus.
    • A: Plantar flexes the ankle;
  6. Piriformis
    • O: Anterior surface of sacrum
    • I: Gluteal tuberosity of illium
    • A: Laterally rotates hip
  7. Gluteus minimus
    • O: Lower surface of illium
    • I: Great trochanter of femur
    • A: Abducts and medially rotates the hip
  8. Gluteus medius
    • O: Upper surface of illium
    • I: Great trochanter of femur
    • A: anterior head: flex & later rotates hip; posterior head: extends & medially rotates hip; Adducts the hip
  9. Gluteus Maximus
    • O: Medial Illiac crest and sacrum
    • I: Illiotibial band and gluteal tuberosity of femur
    • A: Extends and laterally rotates the hip
  10. Graciclis
    • O: Lower pubis
    • I: Upper medial Tibial shaft
    • A: Adducts the hip, Flexes the knee, Medially rotates knee when flexed
  11. Pectinius
    • O: Anterior pubic bone
    • I: Upper medial shaft of femur
    • A: Adducts femur, flexes hip
  12. Adductor Magnus
    • O: Anterior pubic bone to ischium
    • I: Full length of medial border of femur
    • A: Adducts and laterally rotates the femur,
  13. Adductor Longus
    • O: Anterior pubic bone to ischium
    • I: Full length of medial border of femur
    • A: Adducts and laterally rotates the femur, Flexes the extended femur and extend flexed femur
  14. Adductor Brevis
    • O: Anterior pubic bone to ischium
    • I: Full length of medial border of femur
    • A: Adducts and laterally rotates the femur, Flexes the extended femur and extend flexed femur
  15. Popliteus
    • O: Posterior lateral femoral condyle and posterior lateral meniscus
    • I: Superior Posterior tibia
    • A: Flexes the knee, laterally rotates the femur on Tibia when foot is flexed on the ground, medially when leg is non weight bearing
  16. Sartorius
    • O: Anterior Superior Illiac Spine (A.S.I.S.)
    • I: Upper medial Tibial shaft
    • A: Flexes the hip, flexes the knee, laterally rotates femur.
  17. Illiotibial tract (band) - lateral hip and thigh
    • O: tensor facsia lata
    • I: Upper lateral Tibia, below lateral side of the knee
    • A: Stabilizes lateral side of the knee
  18. Tensor Fascia lata (TFL) - lateral hip and thigh
    • O: outer crest of illiac crest anterior
    • I: Illiotibial tract (band)
    • A: Abducts hip. Slight flexion & medial rotation of the hip
  19. Illiacis - hip flexor
    • O: Anterior surface of the illium (upper two thirds)
    • I: Lesser trochanter of the femur
    • A: Flexes and laterally rotates the femus
  20. Popliteus
    • O: Postrior lateral femoral condoyle and postrior lateral meniscus
    • I: Superior posterior tibia
    • A: Flexes the knee; lateraly rotates femur on tibia when foot is fixed on the ground, medialy when the foot is non-weight bearing.
  21. Semimembranosis
    • O: Ichial tuberosity
    • I: Medial tibial condoyle
    • A: Flexes the knee; extends the hip; medial rotates the lower leg when knee is flexed
  22. Semitendonosis
    • O: Ichial tuberosity
    • I: Medial tibial condoyle
    • A: Flexes the knee; extends the hip; medial rotates the lower leg when knee is flexed
  23. Biceps Fermoris
    • O: long head - Ichial tuberosity, short head - posterior femur
    • I: lateral tibial codoyle and lateral head of fibula
    • A: Flexes the knee; Extends the hip; lateraly rotates the lower leg when the knee is flexed
  24. Extensor Hallucis Longus
    • O: Lateral condoyle of tibia
    • I: Distal phalanx of big toe
    • A: Extends big toe; Inverts the foot
  25. Extensor digitorum longus
    • O: Anterior surface of fibula and interosseus mambrane
    • I: Phalanges of 2nd to 5th toes
    • A: Extends toes; dorsiflexes ankle & everts foot
  26. Tibialis Anterior
    • O: Lateral and anterior surface of the tibia (including tibial condoyle)
    • I: Medial cuniform and base of 1st metatarsal
    • A: Dorsiflexes and inverts the foot
  27. Peroneus brevis
    • O: Lower two thirds of lateral surface of fibula
    • I: Base of the fifth metatarsal
    • A: Everts the foot and assist plantar flexion of the ankle
  28. Peroneus Longus
    • O: Upper Two thirds of lateral surface of fibula
    • I: Base of the first metatarsal
    • A: Everts the foot and assist plantar flexion of the ankle
  29. Vastus Intermedius
    • O: Femur (upper half of shaft of femur)
    • I: Via patellar tendon through patellar ligament to the tibial tuberosity
    • A: Extends the knee
  30. Vastus Medialis
    • O: Femur (upper half of shaft of femur)
    • I: Via patellar tendon through patellar ligament to the tibial tuberosity
    • A: Extends the knee
  31. Vastus Lateralis
    • O: Femur (upper half of shaft of femur)
    • I: Via patellar tendon through patellar ligament to the tibial tuberosity
    • A: Extends the knee
  32. Rectus femoris
    • O: Anterior Inferior Iliac spine
    • I: Via patellar tendon through patellar ligament to the tibial tuberosity
    • A: Extends the knee and flexes the hip
  33. Rectus femoris
    • O: Anterior Inferior Iliac spine
    • I: Via patellar tendon through patellar ligament to the tibial tuberosity
    • A: Extend the knee and flexes the hip
  34. Psoas major - hip flexor
    • O: Transverse process of all Lumbar vertebrae (L1-L5), outher vertebral discs
    • I: Lesser trochanter of femur
    • A: flexes and laterally rotates the femur

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