Tradition and Transition
Card Set Information
Tradition and Transition
FWS Master Level
Describe a genealogy of Bordeaux winemakers
Name 4 of Bordeaux's innovations in winemaking
: Use of sulfuring barrels by Dutch
: Invention of Bordeaux mixture (copper-sulphite CuSO4 + slaked lime Ca(OH)2 preventative fungicide)
: Discovery how malolactic fermentation works
: Haut-Brion introduces use of stainless steel vats (from dairy industry)
Who invented the Bordeaux mixture?
Alexis Millardet (inventor)
Ulysse Gayon (organizer)
Who was Ulysse Gayon? ("YOU-LEASE")
Student of Louis Pasteur
: establishes Agronomy and Oenology Station;
: station becomes part of University of Bordeaux (now called College of Oenology)
: publishes findings from his lab at Lafite
Name 3 findings of Ulysse Gayon now considered basic tenants of winemaking
high temperatures should be avoided during fermentation (kills yeast)
exposing wine to air during pumping over should be encouraged (helps yeast)
after 4 days in vats, significant amounts of bacteria begin to develop
Name 2 famous students of Bordeaux's College of Oenology
Jean Ribereau-Gayon (grandson of Ullysse Gayon)
Emile Paynaud (protege of Jean)
What is Emile Peynaud known for?
: Begins consulting for chateaux
Establishes consulting oenologist as we know it today
: explains how malolactic fermentation works
: Published 290 research papers and books (e.g., The Taste of Wine)
: Getting winemakers to harvest ripe grapes
Name 5 students of Emile Peynaud
Jean-Claude Berrouet (Petrus)
Patrick Leon (Mouton Rothschild)
Philippe Dhalluin (Branaire-Ducru, Mouton)
Who became dean of the College of Oenology after Jean Ribereau-Gayon?
Pascal Ribereau-Gayon (his son)
What is Yves Glories known for?
Dean of the College of Oenology after Pascal Ribereau-Gayon
Research in tannins and anthocyanins
Developed "Glories method" to determine optimum grape maturity... not just phenolic ripeness but also EXTRACTABILITY of tannins
How did Gerard Seguin influence modern winemaking?
: Published "Terroirs" and pedology (soil study) of wine growing
No correlation between quality of wine and soil content
What is important is the manner in which a soil type makes water available to the vine
How did Denis Dubourdieu influence modern winemaking?
Research of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (wine yeast)
New style Bordeaux WHITE winemaking (adoption of prefermentation maceration ("cold soaking" for skin contact) and aging on lees)
Dourthe ("DOORth") asked him why Bordeaux whites had short shelf life... result was "Dourthe No. 1" in 1988
Name 3 properties owned by Denis Dubourdieu (consulting oenologist)
Chateau Doisy Daene (Sauternes)
Chateau Reynon (his home... near Cadillac)
Clos Foridene (Graves)
Name 2 famous students of Emile Peynaud
Jacques Boissenot (left bank consulting oenologist)
Michel Rolland (home base is right bank but he's known as a flying oenologist as he advises over 100 properties around the world)
What practices does Jacques Boissenot subscribe to?
: wine tells him what it should be
Co-innoculation (simultaneous alcoholic and malolactic fermentation)
Not a fan of micro-oxygenation (or most other new trends)
What practices does Michel Rolland subscribe to?
: pick ripe grapes (famous for saying "wait")
Enthusiastic employer of new technolgies and techniques:
Malolactic fermentation in barrels
known for "bodybuilding" wines
Name 3 innovative winemakers that break with tradition
: autodidact (self-taught)
: no background in wine but became a negociant and created Chateau Valandraud
: no background in wine but bought Chateau Monbusquet and Pavie
What practices does Stephane Derenoncourt favor?
aging on lees and battongage
organic and biodynamic
What practices does Jean-Luc Thunevin favor?
Unheard of small yields and hand-made production methods
Does not use "cutting-edge" winemaking -
father of "garage wines"
What practices does Gerard Perse favor?
Halved Pavie's yeilds to 28-30 hl/ha per Michel Rolland which changed Pavie's character (controversial)
Large-scale "garage" winemaking (wealthy since sold Continent, a large French grocery store chain)
Raised Monbusquet (on sandy river plain) to Grand Cru Classe and Pavie to Premier Grand Cru Classe A