chapter 4 *'s

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herangelwings
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247080
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chapter 4 *'s
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2013-11-15 14:33:16
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IBS 102
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chapter 4
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  1. The skin is composed of two layers
    • epidermis
    • dermis/corium
  2. the dermis is attached to a layer of connective tissue  which is mainly composed of fat (adipose tissue) called
    hypodermis/subcutaneous layer
  3. a hard protein material that adds to the protective nature of the skin, giving it a waterproof property that helps retain moisture within the body
    keratin
  4. the small fold of skin above the lower part of the nail
    eponychium/cuticle
  5. the fold of skin that is near the sides of the nail
    paronychium
  6. raised, solid lesion raised less that 1cm, such as a pimple
    papule
  7. massive hemorrhage into the tissues under the skin
    purpura
  8. blood leaks into tissues
    extravasation
  9. stretch marks
    striae
  10. paper-thin, wasted skin often occurring in the aged or stretch marks from rapid weight gain
    atrophy
  11. a scar - an area of fibrous tissue that replaces normal skin after destruction of some of the dermis
    cicatrix

    (pl. cicatrices)
  12. dried serum, blood, and/or pus. also called a scab
    eschar
  13. inflammation of the fingernail.
    onychia

    (also called onychitis)
  14. infection of the skin beside the nail
    paronychia
  15. growth of hair in a cyst in the sacral area
    pilonidal cyst
  16. superficial inflammation of the skin. characterized by vesicles, weeping and pruritus.
    eczema

    (dermatitis)
  17. inflammatory scaling disease of the scalp and face
    seborrheic dermatitis

    (cradle cap in newborns)
  18. hair loss, resulting from genetic factors, aging, or disease
    alopecia
  19. a condition in which a person produces little or no sweat
    anhidrosis
  20. inflammation of the hair follicles, which may be superficial or deep, acute or chronic
    folliculitis
  21. inflammation of the sweat glands
    hidradenitis suppurativa
  22. excessive perspiration caused by heat, strong emotion, menopause, hyperthyroidism, or infection
    hyperhidrosis
  23. tiny, superficial keratinous cyst caused by clogged ducts
    milia
  24. abnormal condition of hidden (ingrown) nail
    onychocryptosis
  25. softening of the nails
    onychomalacia
  26. infection of the nail
    paronychia
  27. category of dry skin that has scaly appearance of a fish.
    ichyhyosis

    (mild form is xeroderma)
  28. inflammation, ulcer, or sore in the skin over a bony prominence. most often seen in aged, debilitated, cachectic (wasted), or immobilized patients
    • pressure ulcer
    • bedsore
    • decubitus ulcer
    • pressure sore
  29. benign, circumscribed, pigmented, superficial warty skin lesion
    seborrheic keratosis
  30. small, soft, pedunculated (with a stalk) lesions that are harmless outgrowths of epidermal and dermal tissue, usually occurring on the neck, eyelids, armpits, and groin
    skin tags/acrochordons
  31. generally viral diseases characterized by a specific type of rash. the main ones are measles, rubella, fifth disease, roseola, and chickenpox
    exanthematous diseases
  32. viral infection characterized by clusters of small vesicles filled with a clear fluid on raised inflammatory bases on the skin or mucosa.
    HSV
  33. causes fever blisters keratitis, an inflammation of the cornea
    HSV-1
  34. genital herpes
    HSV-2
  35. yeast infection in moist, occluded areas of the skin and mucous membranes.
    candidiasis

    (moniliasis)
  36. fungal infection of the skin
    dermatomycosis

    (dermatophytosis)
  37. fungal infection of the foot; athletes foot
    tinea pedis
  38. parasitic infestation with lice, involving the head, body, or genital area
    pediculosis
  39. burn in which only the first layer of the skin, the dermis, is damaged
    • superficial burn
    • first-degree burn
    • superficial thickness
  40. burn in which only the first and second layers of skin are affected
    • partial-thickness burn
    • second-degree burn
  41. burn that damages the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue
    • full-thickness burn
    • third-degree burn
  42. rare burn that extends beyond the subcutaneous tissue into the muscle and bone
    • deep full-thickness burn
    • fourth-degree burn
  43. localized vascular lesion that includes hemangiomas, vasular nevi, and lymphangiomas
    angioma
  44. a pigmented lesion often present at birth. also called a mole
    dysplastic nevus
  45. fatty tumor that is a soft, movable, sucutaneous nodule
    lipoma
  46. the most common form of skin cancer
    basal cell carcinoma
  47. the second most common type of skin cancer
    squamous cell carcinoma
  48. method used to identify a variety of skin infections through the use of
    wood's light examination
  49. harvest of skin from another human donor for temporary transplant until an autograft is available
    allograft

    (homograft)
  50. instrument used to remove split-skin grafts
    dermatome
  51. section of skin transferred from one location to an immediately adjacent one
    flap

    (skin graft)
  52. use of a nonporous, occlusive dressing to cover a treated area to enhance the absorption and effectiveness of a medication
    occlusive therapy
  53. directing a type of ultraviolet light on psoriatic lesions
    psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) therapy
  54. destruction of tissue by burning with heat
    cauterization
  55. first step in wound treatment, involving removal of dirt, foreign bodies, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from the wound or burn to prevent infection and to promote healing
    debridement
  56. serial removal and microscopic examination of layers of a tumor until no cancerous cells are present
    Mohs surgery
  57. removal of a nail usually to treat trauma
    onychectomy
  58. cutting the nail to drain the subungual hematoma
    onychotomy
  59. slicing of thin sheets of tissue to remove lesions
    shaving (paring)
  60. use of mild acid to produce a sperficial burn
    chemical peel
  61. surgical operation to remove wrinkles
    rhytidectomy (face lift)

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