HSCI 003 Chapter 12 Abbreviations

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  1. ABG
    Arterial Blood Gas
  2. AFB
    • Acid-Fast Bacillus
    • The type of organism that causes tuberculosis.
  3. ARDS
    • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
    • Sever, sudden lung injury caused by acute illness.
  4. BAL
    Bronchoalveolar Lavage
  5. Bronch
  6. CF
    • Cystic Fibrosis
    • Inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick mucinous secretions in the respiratory tract that do not drain normally.
  7. CO2
    • Carbon Dioxide
    • Gas produced by body cells when oxygen and carbon atoms from food combine
    • Exhaled through the lungs.
  8. COPD
    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    • Airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
  9. CPAP
    Continuous Positive Airway Pressue
  10. CPR
    Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  11. C&S
    Culture and Sensitivity Testing (of sputum)
  12. CXR
    Chest X-Ray
  13. DOE
    • Dyspnea On Exertion
    • Shortness of breathe
  14. DPT
    • Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus
    • Toxoids for vaccination of infants, to provide immunity to these disease.
  15. ERV
    Expertory Resverve Volume
  16. FEV1
    Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second
  17. FVC
    • Forced Vital Capacity
    • Amount of gas that can be forcibly and rapidly exhaled after a full inspiration.
  18. HCO3
  19. ICU
    Intensive Care Unit
  20. IRV
    Inspiratory Reserve Volume
  21. LLL
    Left Lower Lobe (of lung)
  22. LUL
    Left Upper Lobe (of lung)
  23. MDI
    • Metered-Dose Inhaler
    • Used to deliver aerosolized medications to patients.
  24. O2
    • Oxygen
    • Gas that makes up 20% of the air.
    • It passes into the blood stream at the lungs and travels to all the body cells.
  25. PaCO2
    • Carbon Dioxide Partial Pressure
    • Measure of the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
  26. PaO2
    • Oxygen Partial Pressure
    • A measurement of the amount of oxygen in arterial blood.
  27. PCP
    • Pneumocystis Pneumonia
    • A type of pneumonia seen in patients with AIDS or other immunosuppression.
  28. PE
    • Pulmonary Embolism
    • Clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lungs.
    • Travels from distant veins, usually in the legs.
  29. PEEP
    • Positive End-Expiratory Pressure
    • Common mechanical ventrilator setting in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure.
  30. PFT
    • Pulmonary Function Tests
    • Tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lungs: airway, function, lung volume, and the capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide efficiently.
    • Evaluate patients with SOB.
    • To monitor lung function in patients with respiratory disease.
    • Evaluate disability.
    • Asses lung function before surgery.
  31. PND
    Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea
  32. PPD
    • Purified Protein Derivitive
    • Substance used in a tuberculosis test.
  33. RDS
    • Respiratory Disease Syndrome
    • In the newborn infant, condition marked by dyspnea and cyanosis and related to absence of surfactant, a substance that permits normal expansion of lungs
    • Also known as Hyaline Membrane Disease.
  34. RLL
    Right Lower Lobe (of lung)
  35. RSV
    • Respiratory Syncytial Virus
    • A common cause of bronchitis, the common cold, the croup.
  36. RUL
    Right Upper Lobe (of lung)
  37. RV
    • Residual Volume
    • Amount of air remaining in lungs at the end of maximal expiration.
  38. SOB
    Shortness Of Breathe
  39. TB
    • Tuberculosis
    • Infectious disease caused by Myobacterium tuberculosis.
    • Lungs usually are involved, but any organ in the body may be affected.
    • Rod-shaped bacilli invade the lungs.
  40. TLC
    • Total Lung Capacity
    • Volume of gas in the lungs at the end of maximal inspiration (VC plus RV).
  41. URI
    Upper Respiratory Infection
  42. Vt
    • Tidal Volume
    • Amount of air inhaled and exhaled during a normal ventilation.
  43. VC
    • Vital Capacity
    • Equals inspiratory reserve volume plus expiratory reserve volume plus tidal volume.
  44. V/Q Scan
    • Ventrilation Perfusion Scan
    • Radioactive test of lung ventilation and blood perfusion throughout the lung capillaries (lung scan).
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HSCI 003 Chapter 12 Abbreviations
2013-11-18 23:27:02
Medical Terminology

Abbreviations of the respiratory system.
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