HSCI 003 Chapter 12 Abbreviations

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tgherasim
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247122
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HSCI 003 Chapter 12 Abbreviations
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2013-11-18 18:27:02
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Medical Terminology
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Abbreviations of the respiratory system.
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  1. ABG
    Arterial Blood Gas
  2. AFB
    • Acid-Fast Bacillus
    • The type of organism that causes tuberculosis.
  3. ARDS
    • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
    • Sever, sudden lung injury caused by acute illness.
  4. BAL
    Bronchoalveolar Lavage
  5. Bronch
    Bronchoscopy
  6. CF
    • Cystic Fibrosis
    • Inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick mucinous secretions in the respiratory tract that do not drain normally.
  7. CO2
    • Carbon Dioxide
    • Gas produced by body cells when oxygen and carbon atoms from food combine
    • Exhaled through the lungs.
  8. COPD
    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    • Airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
  9. CPAP
    Continuous Positive Airway Pressue
  10. CPR
    Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  11. C&S
    Culture and Sensitivity Testing (of sputum)
  12. CXR
    Chest X-Ray
  13. DOE
    • Dyspnea On Exertion
    • Shortness of breathe
  14. DPT
    • Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus
    • Toxoids for vaccination of infants, to provide immunity to these disease.
  15. ERV
    Expertory Resverve Volume
  16. FEV1
    Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second
  17. FVC
    • Forced Vital Capacity
    • Amount of gas that can be forcibly and rapidly exhaled after a full inspiration.
  18. HCO3
    Bicarbonate
  19. ICU
    Intensive Care Unit
  20. IRV
    Inspiratory Reserve Volume
  21. LLL
    Left Lower Lobe (of lung)
  22. LUL
    Left Upper Lobe (of lung)
  23. MDI
    • Metered-Dose Inhaler
    • Used to deliver aerosolized medications to patients.
  24. O2
    • Oxygen
    • Gas that makes up 20% of the air.
    • It passes into the blood stream at the lungs and travels to all the body cells.
  25. PaCO2
    • Carbon Dioxide Partial Pressure
    • Measure of the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
  26. PaO2
    • Oxygen Partial Pressure
    • A measurement of the amount of oxygen in arterial blood.
  27. PCP
    • Pneumocystis Pneumonia
    • A type of pneumonia seen in patients with AIDS or other immunosuppression.
  28. PE
    • Pulmonary Embolism
    • Clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lungs.
    • Travels from distant veins, usually in the legs.
  29. PEEP
    • Positive End-Expiratory Pressure
    • Common mechanical ventrilator setting in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure.
  30. PFT
    • Pulmonary Function Tests
    • Tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lungs: airway, function, lung volume, and the capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide efficiently.
    • Evaluate patients with SOB.
    • To monitor lung function in patients with respiratory disease.
    • Evaluate disability.
    • Asses lung function before surgery.
  31. PND
    Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea
  32. PPD
    • Purified Protein Derivitive
    • Substance used in a tuberculosis test.
  33. RDS
    • Respiratory Disease Syndrome
    • In the newborn infant, condition marked by dyspnea and cyanosis and related to absence of surfactant, a substance that permits normal expansion of lungs
    • Also known as Hyaline Membrane Disease.
  34. RLL
    Right Lower Lobe (of lung)
  35. RSV
    • Respiratory Syncytial Virus
    • A common cause of bronchitis, the common cold, the croup.
  36. RUL
    Right Upper Lobe (of lung)
  37. RV
    • Residual Volume
    • Amount of air remaining in lungs at the end of maximal expiration.
  38. SOB
    Shortness Of Breathe
  39. TB
    • Tuberculosis
    • Infectious disease caused by Myobacterium tuberculosis.
    • Lungs usually are involved, but any organ in the body may be affected.
    • Rod-shaped bacilli invade the lungs.
  40. TLC
    • Total Lung Capacity
    • Volume of gas in the lungs at the end of maximal inspiration (VC plus RV).
  41. URI
    Upper Respiratory Infection
  42. Vt
    • Tidal Volume
    • Amount of air inhaled and exhaled during a normal ventilation.
  43. VC
    • Vital Capacity
    • Equals inspiratory reserve volume plus expiratory reserve volume plus tidal volume.
  44. V/Q Scan
    • Ventrilation Perfusion Scan
    • Radioactive test of lung ventilation and blood perfusion throughout the lung capillaries (lung scan).

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