HSCI 003 Chapter 12 Abbreviations
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- Acid-Fast Bacillus
- The type of organism that causes tuberculosis.
- Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
- Sever, sudden lung injury caused by acute illness.
- Cystic Fibrosis
- Inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick mucinous secretions in the respiratory tract that do not drain normally.
- Carbon Dioxide
- Gas produced by body cells when oxygen and carbon atoms from food combine
- Exhaled through the lungs.
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
- Airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
Continuous Positive Airway Pressue
Culture and Sensitivity Testing (of sputum)
- Dyspnea On Exertion
- Shortness of breathe
- Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus
- Toxoids for vaccination of infants, to provide immunity to these disease.
Expertory Resverve Volume
Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second
- Forced Vital Capacity
- Amount of gas that can be forcibly and rapidly exhaled after a full inspiration.
Inspiratory Reserve Volume
Left Lower Lobe (of lung)
Left Upper Lobe (of lung)
- Metered-Dose Inhaler
- Used to deliver aerosolized medications to patients.
- Gas that makes up 20% of the air.
- It passes into the blood stream at the lungs and travels to all the body cells.
- Carbon Dioxide Partial Pressure
- Measure of the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
- Oxygen Partial Pressure
- A measurement of the amount of oxygen in arterial blood.
- Pneumocystis Pneumonia
- A type of pneumonia seen in patients with AIDS or other immunosuppression.
- Pulmonary Embolism
- Clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lungs.
- Travels from distant veins, usually in the legs.
- Positive End-Expiratory Pressure
- Common mechanical ventrilator setting in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure.
- Pulmonary Function Tests
- Tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lungs: airway, function, lung volume, and the capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide efficiently.
- Evaluate patients with SOB.
- To monitor lung function in patients with respiratory disease.
- Evaluate disability.
- Asses lung function before surgery.
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea
- Purified Protein Derivitive
- Substance used in a tuberculosis test.
- Respiratory Disease Syndrome
- In the newborn infant, condition marked by dyspnea and cyanosis and related to absence of surfactant, a substance that permits normal expansion of lungs
- Also known as Hyaline Membrane Disease.
Right Lower Lobe (of lung)
- Respiratory Syncytial Virus
- A common cause of bronchitis, the common cold, the croup.
Right Upper Lobe (of lung)
- Residual Volume
- Amount of air remaining in lungs at the end of maximal expiration.
- Infectious disease caused by Myobacterium tuberculosis.
- Lungs usually are involved, but any organ in the body may be affected.
- Rod-shaped bacilli invade the lungs.
- Total Lung Capacity
- Volume of gas in the lungs at the end of maximal inspiration (VC plus RV).
Upper Respiratory Infection
- Tidal Volume
- Amount of air inhaled and exhaled during a normal ventilation.
- Vital Capacity
- Equals inspiratory reserve volume plus expiratory reserve volume plus tidal volume.
- Ventrilation Perfusion Scan
- Radioactive test of lung ventilation and blood perfusion throughout the lung capillaries (lung scan).
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