LA2: Equine Pathology

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
247150
Filename:
LA2: Equine Pathology
Updated:
2013-11-16 10:14:16
Tags:
VTI
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Description:
VTI
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  1. Why is the serum normally yellow?
    inc billirubin from having no gallbladder
  2. The PCV  varies with age, fitness, and breed. What is its common range?
    30-48%
  3. With RBC's what is normal to see?
    What is not normal to see?
    • rouleaux
    • reticulocytes
  4. The eosinophils look like what?
    rasberries
  5. What is normal to find WBC wise?
    • basophils
    • stain a bit darker
  6. What is to be said of the platelets?
    uniform shape and size
  7. How are electrolytes lost?SUFS
    • sweat
    • urine
    • feces
    • saliva
  8. Chloride is usually lost in the saliva, but can also decrease when the horse....
    colics esp. w/ impaction
  9. The blister beetle causes what kind of toxicity?
    canthoridin
  10. What does the blister beetle cause a decrease in?
    calicum
  11. What 2 electrolyte deficiencies can happen in extreme electrolyte imbalance?
    • phosphorous
    • magnesium
  12. As far as protein, what is the most abundant globulin that is important for immune function?
    albumin
  13. _ is incharge of muscle function and elevation is proportional to the amount of damage.
    CPK creatine phosphokinase
  14. What does an inc in CPK indicate?IRC
    • inflammation
    • rhabdomyelosis
    • compartment syndrome
  15. What two chemistries are used for both liver and muscle function?
    • SGOT
    • AST
  16. Which chemistry is liver specific?
    SDH sorbitol hehydrogenate
  17. What are the other indicatiors of liver function?3
    • ALT
    • ALKP
    • Bilirubin
  18. What can brief anorexia cause?
    jaundice
  19. GGT is elevated 2-3x's in who?
    donkeys and mules
  20. What 3 chemistries represent renal function?
    • BUN
    • creatinine
    • Ca
  21. When will BUN, creatinine, and Ca be elevated?DPR%
    • dehydration
    • protein elevation
    • renal failure
    • 75%damage
  22. _ and _ will be elevated with intestinal damage and parasites
    • ALKP
    • LDH
  23. Normal blood glucose
    70-110mg/dl
  24. When will blood glucose be increased?SECCG
    • stress
    • excitement
    • colic
    • cushings
    • glucocorticoid use
  25. When will blood glucose be decreased?PSLF
    • pregnancy toxemia
    • shock
    • liver failure
    • foal inappetance
  26. Normal color of urine
    yellow/orange
  27. Normal SG of urine
    1.020-1.060
  28. Normal pH of urine
    7-9
  29. What are other normal findings in urine?MFSC
    • mucous
    • froth
    • struvite crystals
    • calcium crystals
  30. Dark brown urine means
    • myoglobinuria
    • rhabdomylysis
  31. Acidic urine means
    • inc grain diet
    • UTI

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