Anatomy ch. 23

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Anatomy ch. 23
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2013-11-16 13:54:48
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human anatomy respiratory system
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Chapter 23 The respiratory system
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  1. Match the 4 aspects of respiration to their description 

    Providing fresh air to the alveoli (inhalation and exhalation)
    Ventilation
  2. Match the 4 aspects of respiration to their description 

    Gas exchange between alveoli and blood
    external respiration
  3. Match the 4 aspects of respiration to their description 

    Gas exchange between blood and tissue fluid
    Internal respiration
  4. Match the 4 aspects of respiration to their description 

    Oxygen utilization in cell (to form ATP)
    Cellular respiration
  5. List the two primary, functional portions of the respiratory tract and their components. 

    1.Conducting portion-
    1. Nasals cavity to bronchioles
  6. List the two primary, functional portions of the respiratory tract and their components. 

    2.Respiratory portion-
    2.Respiratory bronchioles and alveoli
  7. we can also divide the respiratory system into upper portions list their components. 

    2. Lower respiratory tract
    2. Larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
  8. We can also divide the respiratory system into uppeer portions. List their components. 

    1.Upper respiratory tract
    1. Nose, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, pharynx
  9. Aside from carrying air, what is the function of the upper respiratory tract? List 3 aspects.
    Gas conditioning: Filter, Warm, Humidify
  10. We have 4 basic tissues in our respiratory tract. Match each to its location and function and function. 

    Vestibule, external nares (fingers go here)
    Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
  11. We have 4 basic tissues in our respiratory tract. Match each to its location and function and function. 
    Oro and laryngopharynx, top of larunx (food and air)
    non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
  12. We have 4 basic tissues in our respiratory tract. Match each to its location and function and function. 

    Nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx, inferior larynx, trachea, bronchi, and large bronchioles (air only)
    Ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium
  13. Alveoli (gas exchange)
    simple squamous epithelium
  14. What is the technical term for our nostrils?
    External nares
  15. What do we call the nostril-like area where air passes from our nasla cavity into our throat?
    Internal nares
  16. What is the technical term for the area behind our oral and nasal cavities? Match the portion of this area to its description.
    Pharynx (throat)
  17. Match the portion of this area to its description.

    Above the soft palate
    Nasopharynx
  18. Match the portion of this area to its description.

    between soft palate and base of tongue/hyoid bone
    Oropharynx
  19. Match the portion of this area to its description.

    Between the hyoid bone and the opening to the esophagus
    Laryngopharynx
  20. what is the technical term for the voice box? Match the primary cartilages to their descriptions.
    Larynx
  21. Match the primary cartilages to their descriptions.

    Large, superior, anterior-only, adam's apple-
    Thyroid cartilage
  22. Match the primary cartilages to their descriptions.

    Smaller, inferior, complete ring
    Cricoid cartilage
  23. what structure (the potential site of an emergency airway) occurs between the two cartilages?
    Cricothyroid ligament/ membrane
  24. what spoon shaped structure that protrudes superior to the voice box folds over the opening between the vocal chords during swallowing?
    Epiglottis
  25. What do we call the opening between the vocal chords ?
    Glottis
  26. Two sets of folds occur in the voice box. Match each to its description.

    Elastic, medial, sound-producing folds
    vocal folds
  27. Two sets of folds occur in the voice box. Match each to its description. 

    Inelastic, lateral, don't produce sounds
    Vestibular folds
  28. what is the technical term for the windpipe?
    Trachea
  29. What structures keep the windpipe open? explain why they have this shape?
    C shaped cartilage rings

    Allow esophagus to distend
  30. Into what two tubes does the windpipe bifurcate?
    Primary bronchi
  31. In which bronchus are foreign objects more likely to lodge? 
    why?
    Right

    Wider and steeper descent
  32. List the names of the lobes in the lungs. 

    Right
    Superior, middle, inferior
  33. List the names of the lobes in the lungs. 

    Left
    superior, inferior
  34. The heart crowds one lung. Which lung is it and what do we call the 2 resulting features?
    • Left
    • Cardiac impression 
    • cardiac notch
  35. What surface of the lung follows the contours of the rib cage?
    Costal surface
  36. what surface of the lung faces medially?
    Mediastinal surface
  37. what do we call the groove, or concavity, that provides an entry point for bronchi, pulmonary vessels, and nerves?
    Hilum
  38. What do we call the entire complex of structures that enter the lung at this location as well as the connective tissue that binds and stabilizes them?
    Root
  39. How do terminal bronchioles differ from bronchi (2 ways)?
    lack cartilage

    Dominated by smooth muscle
  40. The alveoli contain two primary cell types. Provide the function of each. 

    Pneumocyte type I
    Diffusion
  41. The alveoli contain two primary cell types. Provide the function of each. 

    Pneumocyte type II
    Secrete surfactant

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