Skeletal system Ch.8

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Skeletal system Ch.8
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2013-11-16 14:41:26
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Skeletal system
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  1. ___ bones in skeleton
    206
  2. ____ bones at birth
    270
  3. Bones that form within tendons
    Sesamoid
  4. Extra bones in skull
    Sutural (wormian)
  5. Exhibits ridges, spines, bumps, depressions, canals, pores, slits, cavities, and articular surfaces:
    Bone markings
  6. Skeletons where bones are dried and held together with rods and wires:
    Articulated
  7. Skeletons where bones are taken apart so surface features can be studied in detail:
    Disarticulated
  8. Immovable joint connections
    Sutures
  9. Cavity that encloses brain
    Cranial
  10. Eye sockets
    Orbits
  11. Oral Cavity
    Buccal
  12. 4 sinuses:
    • 1. Frontal
    • 2. Sphenoid
    • 3. Ethmoid
    • 4. Maxillary
  13. Holes that allow for passage of blood vessels and nerves
    Foramina (foramen)
  14. Hole in cranium where spinal cord meets brain
    Foramen Magnum
  15. Skull cap
    Calvaria
  16. Cranial bone that extends from forehead to a prominent coronal suture
    Frontal
  17. Located behind frontal bone
    glabella
  18. Fontal sinus is located in
    Frontal bone (deep)
  19. Bone that forms left and right walls and most of cranial roof
    Parietal
  20. Form an arc across the parietal and frontal bones; marks attatchment of the large, fan-shaped temporalis (chewing) muscle.
    Temporal lines
  21. Cranial bones in ear region (where gray hairs often develop first)
    Temporal
  22. Bone that forms rear of cranium
    Occipital
  23. In which cranial bone is the foramen magnum found?
    Occipital
  24. Deep socket where teeth are inserted
    Alveolus
  25. Strongest bone of skull, only one that can move significantly; bottom jaw
    Mandible
  26. U-shapes bone between chin and larynx; free-floating
    Hyoid bone
  27. Spaces between unfused cranial bones
    Fontanels
  28. How many in the Vertebral column:
    __ Cervial
    __ Thoracic
    __ Lumbar
    __ Sacral
    __ Coccygeal
    7, 12, 5, 5, 4
  29. Abnormal lateral spinal curvature occurring mostly among adolescent girls
    Scoliosis
  30. "Hunch-back" Spinal curvature
    Kyphosis
  31. "Sway-back" Spinal curvature (pregnancy or obesity)
    Lordosis
  32. Vertebra C1 is referred to as:
    Atlas
  33. Vertebra C2 is referred to as:
    Axis
  34. Prominent anterior knob of C2:
    Dens (Odontoid process)
  35. Cartilage pad located between two vertebrae:
    Intervertebral disc
  36. Vetrebrae containing ribs
    Thoracic (12)
  37. Last bone to fuse:
    Coccyx
  38. Structure of Sternum:
    • Manubrium (Top)
    • Gladiolus/Body (Middle)
    • Xiphoid Process (Bottom tip)
  39. __ pairs of ribs
    12
  40. Ribs 1-7:
    True
  41. Ribs 8-12:
    False
  42. Ribs 11 and 12:
    Floating
  43. Collarbone
    Clavicle
  44. Shoulder blade
    scapula
  45. Shoulder girdle
    Pectoral girdle
  46. Most commonly fractured bone:
    Clavicle
  47. One bone, shoulder to elbow:
    Brachium (humerus)
  48. Two bones, elbow to wrist:
    Antebrachium (Radius and Ulna)
  49. Eight bones in wrist:
    Carpus
  50. __ metacarpals in palm:
    5
  51. __ phalanges in fingers
    14
  52. thumb
    pollex
  53. big (great) toe
    hallex
  54. Hip bones
    Ossa Coxae
  55. Hip socket, cup-shaped
    Acetabulum
  56. Large round hole below acetabulum
    Obturator foramen
  57. Three childhood bones that make up the adult hip bone:
    Ilium, Ischium, and Pubis
  58. Attachment point for blood supply in head of femur:
    Fovea capitis
  59. Knee-cap
    Patella
  60. Only weight bearing bone in leg
    tibia
  61. Two bones in leg:
    Fibula and tibia
  62. Largest tarsal bone in heel
    Calcaneus
  63. Second largest tarsal bone
    Talus
  64. short, wide tarsal bone
    Navicular (scaffoid)

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