Psych 111 Chapter Eleven

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hchristensen
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247190
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Psych 111 Chapter Eleven
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2013-11-16 15:39:59
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Psych 111
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Questions from Psych 111 Chapter Eleven for Exam 3
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  1. What is the term for the type of psychology that includes universal aspects of lifespan development from conception through death?
    developmental psychology
  2. What is the term for a fertilized egg that divides and implants itself in the wall of the uterus?
    zygote
  3. What is the term for the structure that allows oxygen and nutrients to pass into the fetus from the mother's bloodstream, and allows waste to pass out?
    placenta
  4. What stage of prenatal development is conception-2 weeks?
    germinal phase
  5. What stage of prenatal development is from 2-8 weeks?
    embryonic stage
  6. What stage of prenatal development is from the 8th week-birth?
    fetal stage
  7. What is the term for the fine, wooly hair that covers the body during the 5th month of pregnancy?
    lanugo
  8. What is the term for the waxy coating that collects on the body during the 5th month of pregnancy?
    vernix
  9. What is the term for when the "top to bottom" motor skills emerge from the head to feet?
    cephalocaudal
  10. What is the term for the "inside-to-outside rule", when motor skills emerge in a sequence of center moving outward?
    proximodistal
  11. What is the term for harmful toxins that affect development resulting in defect, damage, or anomaly?
    teratogens
  12. What is the term for inborn, automatic responses to a particular form of stimulation?
    reflexes
  13. What is the term for when you stroke the cheek and baby will turn head toward the stimulation?
    rooting reflex
  14. What is the term for when an infant will mimic a stepping response when their bare feet touch floor?
    stepping reflex
  15. What is the term for when you place a finger in mouth and baby will suck?
    sucking reflex
  16. What is the term for when you shine a bright light or clap, and baby will close eyelids?
    eyeblink reflex
  17. What is the term for when you stroke the heel to see reactions of the toes which flex/fan out?
    Babinski reflex
  18. What is the term for relatively constant basic disposition which is inherent in a person that underlies and modulates his/her behavior?
    temperament
  19. What is the term for the match between the characteristics of the infant and his/her family is critical to development, and some are better matches than others?
    Goodness of Fit
  20. What is the term for the affectional bond between an infant and its caretakers?
    attachment
  21. What is the term for the pattern of attachment in which the child uses the parent as a safe case to explore, when separated the child may not cry during absence, seek contact when parent returns, decrease crying if present?
    securely attached
  22. What is the term for the pattern of attachment in which the child is unresponsive to parent when present, no distress when she leaves, react to stranger similar as to parent, slow to greet parent when she returns?
    avoidant attachment
  23. What is the term for the pattern of attachment in which the child seeks closeness with their parents, fail to explore, upon return display angry, resistant behavior, cannot be comforted?
    ambivalent/resistant attachment
  24. What is the term for the pattern of attachment in which the child has the greatest amount of insecurity, in reunion show disorganized, confused behaviors?
    disorganized/disoriented attachment
  25. What is the term for the parenting style in which they insist on obedience, have rigid rules, no explanations, and insensitivity?
    authoritarian
  26. What is the term for the parenting style in which the parents assume control with flexibility, reasonable demands, provide reasons for rules/decisions?
    authoritative
  27. What is the term for the parenting style in which the parents are accepting and lax with few demands, little monitoring, few controls?
    permissive
  28. What is the term for the parenting style in which the parents are overwhelmed with own stressors, have little time or energy to parent?
    uninvolved
  29. What is the term for models about how the world works?
    schemas
  30. What is the term for how to fit new information into the present system of knowledge?
    assimilation
  31. What is the term for when existing structures don't fit so a child must develop new schemas?
    accommodation
  32. What is the term for focusing on one aspect of a problem and neglecting other aspects?
    centration
  33. What is the term for the inability to envision reversing an action?
    irreversibility
  34. What is the term for thinking characterized by a limited ability to share another person's point of view?
    egocentrism
  35. What is the term for when certain body parts grow at different speeds, leading to a lack of proportion?
    asynchrony
  36. What is the term for the area of the brain that is responsible for organization, planning, emotional regulation, and impulse control?
    prefrontal cortex
  37. What is the term for when sexual functions reach maturity, which impacts social and emotional development?
    puberty
  38. What is the term for the first occurrence of menstruation?
    menarche
  39. What is the term for the first occurrence of ejaculation?
    spermarche
  40. What is the term for an adolescent's way of thinking that the world is focused on themselves?
    adolescent egocentrism
  41. What is the term for an adolescent's belief that everyone in the environment is concerned with the behavior/appearance of him/herself?
    imaginary audience
  42. What is the term for an adolescent's view of him/herself as somehow unique or heroic?
    personal fable
  43. What is the term for an adolescent's false sense that he or she can't be harmed?
    invincibility fable

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