Joints Ch9

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Anonymous
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247196
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Joints Ch9
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2013-11-16 16:02:07
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P1 Ch9
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  1. Any point where two bones meet
    joint
  2. Study of musculoskeletal movement
    Kinesiology
  3. Four major categories of joints:
    • 1. Bony
    • 2. Fibrous
    • 3. Cartilaginous
    • 4. Synovial
  4. Immovable joint formed when two bones ossify and become one
    Bony
  5. Point at which adjacent bones are bound by collagen fibers that emerge from one bone, cross the space between them, and penetrate into another:
    Fibrous Joint (synarthrosis)
  6. Three kinds of fibrous joints:
    • 1. Sutures
    • 2. Gomophoses
    • 3. Syndesmoses
  7. Slightly movable fibrous joint that joins skull bones together, occur nowhere else
    Suture
  8. Joint where teeth attach to their socket
    Gomphosis
  9. Joint at which two bones are bound by relatively long collagenous fibers
    Syndesmosis
  10. Two bones linked by cartilage is what kind of joint:
    Cartilaginous
  11. Two types of cartilaginous joints
    synchondrosis and symphyses
  12. Joint where bones are joined by hyaline cartilage
    Synchondrosis
  13. Joint where two bones are joined by fibrocartilage
    Symphysis
  14. Most familiar type of joint:
    Synovial (diarthrosis)
  15. Joint most common for forming uncomfortable and crippling dysfunctions
    Synovial
  16. Freely movable joint
    Synovial
  17. Layer of hyaline cartilage in synovial joints
    Articular cartilage
  18. Slippery lubricant in synovial joint cavities
    synovial fluid
  19. ________ _____ is warmed by exercise; where cartilage then swells and provides more effective cushion against compression.
    Synovial Fluid
  20. Crescent shaped pad
    Meniscus
  21. Absorb shock and pressure, guide bones across one another, improve fit between bones, and stabilizes the joint, reducing risk of dislocation
    Meniscus
  22. Collagenous connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone
    tendon
  23. Collagenous connective tissue that connects bone to bone
    Ligament
  24. Fibrous sac filled with synovial fluid
    bursa
  25. Elongated cylindrical bursae wrapped around a tendon, enabling tendons to move back and forth freely in tight spaces
    Tendon sheaths
  26. Measures Range of Motion
    Goniometer
  27. The degrees at which joints can move
    Range of Motion
  28. Shoulder joint has _ degrees of freedom:
    • -3-
    • Multiaxial (passes through three anatomical planes)
    • Monaxial (Passes through one anatomical plane)
    • Biaxial (Passes through two anatomical planes)
  29. Monaxial joint, like a door hinge
    Hinge Joint
  30. When one is standing in anatomical position, each joint is said to be in its:
    Zero position
  31. Decreases joint angle
    Flexion
  32. Straightens a joint
    Extension
  33. Extension beyond zero position
    Hyperextension
  34. Movement away from midline of body
    Abduction
  35. Movement towards midpoint in body
    Adduction
  36. Raising a body part vertically
    Elevation
  37. Lowering a body part
    Depression
  38. Anterior movement of a body part
    Protraction
  39. Movement which bone spins on its longitudinal axis
    Rotation
  40. Palm facing forward
    Supination
  41. Palm facing backwards
    Pronation
  42. Bending elbow and turning antebrachium towards stomach
    Medial Rotation
  43. Bending elbow and turning antebrachium outward from stomach
    Lateral Rotation
  44. Tilting head or trunk to the left or right
    Lateral Flexion
  45. Side to side movement of mandible
    lateral excursion
  46. Moving mandible back to zero position
    Medial excursion
  47. Tilts hand towards little finger
    Ulnar Flexion
  48. Tilts hand towards thumb
    Radial Flexion
  49. Moving the thumb to touch any tip of finger on hand
    Opposition
  50. Returning thumb to zero position after touching tips of fingers
    Reposition
  51. Movement where toes are elevated
    Dorsiflexion
  52. movement onto tiptoes
    Plantar flexion
  53. Movement of feet inward towards eachother
    Inversion
  54. Movement of feet away from each other
    Eversion
  55. Articulation of the condyle of the mandible with the mandibular fossa of the temporal bone
    Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) (jaw)
  56. Ringing in ears
    Tinnitus
  57. Joint where humerus articulates with the glenoid cavity
    Glenohumeral Joint
  58. (Lip) of fibrocartilage
    glenoid labrum
  59. Four muscles that help stabilize a joint:
    • 1. Supraspinatous
    • 2. Infraspinatous
    • 3. Teres Minor
    • 4. Subscapularous
  60. Where head of femur inserts into the acetabulum:
    coxal joint (hip)
  61. Name of pit at head of femur
    Fovea Capitis
  62. Round ligament that contains an artery that supplies blood to the head of the femur
    Ligamentum teres
  63. Largest and most complex diarthrosis of the body
    tibiofemoral joint (knee)
  64. Ligaments in the knee that cross eachother to form an X
    Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) and the Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)
  65. Two extrascapular ligaments that prevent the knee from rotating when joint is extended:
    Fibular collateral ligament and the tibial collateral ligament
  66. Painful overstretching of a tendon or muscle without tissue damage
    Strain
  67. Torn ligament or tendon
    Sprain
  68. Inflammation of bursa
    Bursitis
  69. Displacement of bone
    Dislocation
  70. Hereditary disease (most occurring in men), where uric acid crystals accumulate in joints
    Gout
  71. Joint rheumatism
    Arthiritis
  72. Inflamed tendon sheath
    Tendinitis
  73. Inflammation of joint capsule
    Synovitis
  74. Autoimmune attack against the joint tissues(synovial) (attacking themselves)
    Rheumatoid arthritis
  75. Most common form of arthritis
    Osteoarthritis
  76. Pain and inflammation of a joint
    Arthritis

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