Lg animal exam #3

Card Set Information

Author:
lacamp11
ID:
247200
Filename:
Lg animal exam #3
Updated:
2013-11-17 18:57:13
Tags:
Lg animal
Folders:

Description:
Lg animal exam 3
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user lacamp11 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. List components of a thorough physical exam in the foal (8-24 hrs of life)
    • TRP
    • eyes
    • oral cavity
    • auscult heart and lungs
    • umbilical cord
    • evaluate all four limbs
    • nursing attitude and effort
    • urine and bowel movements: meconium
    • CBC
    • general chemistry panel
    • IgG test
  2. Colostrum is the foal's source of __________ _______ until their own immune system begins to function.
    passive immunity
  3. Colostrum should be consumed within __-__ hrs of birth. ______ ________ at 24hrs
    • 8-12
    • Gut closure
  4. Imprint training offers and opportunity to permanently mold a _______ __________.
    horse's personality
  5. What are some common newborn problems
    • Persistent patent urachus
    • Omphalophlebitis- infected naval cord "joint ill"
    • Neonatal bacterial septicemia "septic foal"
    • Neonatal madadjustment syndrome "dummy foal"
  6. What equipment is needed for a uterine culture
    • OB glove/rectal sleeve
    • vaginal speculum and light source
    • sterile water soluble lubricant
    • uterine culture swab
    • culture medium or transport tube
  7. What supplies are needed for uterine infusion?
    • OB glove/rectal sleeve
    • vaginal speculum and light source
    • sterile water soluble lubricant
    • disposable uterine infusion pipette
    • fluid line
    • sterile 60ml syringe
    • infusion fluids
  8. What is the purpose of a uterine biopsy? How is the biopsy graded?
    • To evaluate the histological condition of the endometrium.
    • Grade 1 (no problems) 2 ( 50% fertility) 3 (25% fertility)
  9. What are three indications of uterine infusion?
    • Tx of uterine infection
    • routine flushing
    • postbreeding
  10. What are the two main indications to perform a Caslick's operation?
    • Tx of pnuemovagina
    • Infertility caused by infection on the genital tract
  11. List some assisted reproductive techniques
    • cooled or frozen semen breeding
    • embryo transfer
    • follicle recovery
    • ICSI: intracytoplasmic sperm injection
  12. The embryo is flushed from the donor mare __-__ days post ovulation.
    7-9 days
  13. The embryo is transferred to the recipient mare within __-__  of flushing.
    12-24 hrs
  14. Sites of venipuncture in horses
    • jugular
    • cephalic
    • lateral thoracic
    • saphenous
    • coccygeal
  15. Sites of arterial blood collection in horses
    • transverse facial artery
    • dorsal metatarsal artery
    • coccygeal artery
  16. Blood gas analysis can determine what?
    • oxygen content
    • co2 content
    • pH
  17. Arterial blood gas samples must be run within:
    10 mins - 1.5 hrs of collection
  18. Three indications for abdominocentesis
    • abdominal disease
    • GI/non GI origin
    • chronic weight loss
  19. Indications for athrocentesis
    • Disease of joint
    • Tendon sheath/ bursal disease
  20. CSF is produced by
    ependymal cells
  21. What are the two collection sites for a CSF tap?
    • Atlantooccipital space
    • Lumbosacral space
  22. Indications for thoracocntesis
    • pleural cavity disease
    • lung disease
    • some cardiac/ neoplastic diseases
  23. 3 indications for an NG tube
    • deliver meds directly to the stomach
    • to relieve gas and reflux in the stomach
    • to relieve a choke
  24. What are three cautions of placing a NG tube
    • confirm tube is placed in esophagus, not trachea
    • turbinates are fragile and bleed easily
    • never place without lubrication
  25. List common sites for an IM injection in the horse
    • SM/ST
    • Neck
    • Pectoral
    • Buttocks
  26. List sites for IV injections in the horse:
    • Jugular
    • Lateral thoracic
    • Metatarsal
    • Coccygeal
  27. What is the typical location for a microchip?
    Halfway between withers and polls about 1 1/2 inches below breast of the neck, in the nuchal ligament
  28. Where are lip tatoos placed in the horse?
    mucosal side of upper lip.
  29. When trimming hoofs, what direction should you start and finish?
    begin at the toe and move to quarters to heel. The bottom of the hoof should be concave and edges should be rounded in.
  30. What equipment can be used in trimming hoofs?
    • hoof knippers
    • hoof rasp
    • clinch setter
    • farrier hammer
    • nail pullers
    • shoe pullers
  31. indications of a subpalpebral lavage system
    • longterm ocular medications
    • for patients who resist ocular medications
  32. What are some signs of equine dental disease?
    • quidding
    • excessive salivation
    • weight loss
    • foul mouth odor
    • sensitivity to bit
    • swelling under eye
    • head tilt
  33. milk teeth
    deciduous teeth, or baby teeth
  34. caps
    retained deciduous teeth stuck on top of erupting permanent teeth
  35. occlusive tables
    chewing surface of the tooth
  36. wolf tooth
    first upper premolar, may not be present
  37. incisive arcade
    angle between lower and upper incisors
  38. cups
    indentation in occlusive table
  39. Galvayne's groove
    groove at the gum margin on upper corner incisor
  40. smooth mouthed
    cups are absent, olde horses
  41. Deciduous dentition
    • <2 yrs of age
    • 2(I3/3, PM3/3)
  42. Adult dentition
    2(I3/3, C0-1/0-1, PM3-4/3-4, M/3)
  43. At what age do the canine teeth erupt?
    4 yrs
  44. What percentage of mares have canine teeth?
    • 20%
    • usually smaller
  45. List the phases of the chewing cycle
    • 1. opening phase
    • 2. closing phase
    • 3. power phase
  46. a normal chewing cycle lasts how long?
    11 cycles/ 10 seconds of chewing
  47. central incisors erupt at what age?
    lateral incisors?
    corner incisors?
    • 1 month
    • 3 months
    • 9 months
  48. At what age do you typically see a flattened oculsive table?
    5 yrs

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview