Psych 111 Chapter Twelve

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hchristensen
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247230
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Psych 111 Chapter Twelve
Updated:
2013-11-17 12:40:22
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Psych 111
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Questions from Psych 111 Chapter Twelve for Exam 3
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  1. What is the term for a distinctive pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives, and emotions that are consistent in an individual over time?
    personality
  2. What are the "Big Five" personality traits, developed by McRae and Costa?
    • Conscientiousness
    • Agreeableness
    • Neuroticism
    • Openness
    • Extraversion
  3. What is the term for the fact that impulses/dominated by pleasure/avoid pain?
    id
  4. What is the term for the "voice" of reason, mediator of id/superego, and helps find compromises?
    ego
  5. What is the term for the moral component of personality, and has rigid standards?
    superego
  6. What is the term for responses to anxiety that are caused by internal conflicts, and attempts to reduce distress of anxiety/guilt?
    defense mechanisms
  7. What is the term for the extent to which an individual likes, values, and accepts the self?
    self-esteem
  8. What is the term for the explicit knowledge of one's own behaviors, traits, and characteristics?
    self-concept
  9. What is the term for the belief that one can set out to accomplish tasks/goals?
    self-efficacy
  10. What is the term for the fact that we find evidence to confirm our self-concept?
    self-verification
  11. What is the term for the degree to which people perceive the control of rewards as internal to the self or external to the environment?
    locus of control
  12. What is the term for when people believe they are responsible for what happens to them?
    internal locus of control
  13. What is the term for the fact that people believe their lives are controlled by luck, fate, or other people?
    external locus of control
  14. What is the term for when sense of self and the person are consistent? This allows for positive functioning.
    congruence
  15. What is the term for when the sense of self/person in conflict?
    incongruence
  16. What is the term for an attempt to resolve conflict, when you accept one may have acted badly and still be a good person?
    unconditional positive regard
  17. What is the term for the feeling one gets when at the optimal level of ability and engagement that matches one's ability?
    flow
  18. What is the term for the belief that personality is governed by the person's need to make ongoing choices based on the realities of life and the inevitability of death?
    existential approach
  19. What is the term for difficulties in finding reasons for being, the challenges of free choices and search for meaning can all lead to positive goals but also a sense of dread and rumination?
    angst
  20. What theory states that personality is determined by a large extent to one's genes?
    Eysenck's Theory
  21. What is the term for the theory that explores our need to use self-esteem as a buffer against anxiety over our mortality?
    Terror Management Theory

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